Presentation on theme: "3 rd Six Weeks Warm Ups. Week 7 This week will be a continuation of Indirect Objects. Remember to find the Indirect Object : Say the subject, say the."— Presentation transcript:
Week 7 This week will be a continuation of Indirect Objects. Remember to find the Indirect Object : Say the subject, say the verb, say the direct object and ask to whom ?
Week 7 Alliance - (n.) a joining together for some common purpose. Synonyms: pact, league, coalition Antonyms: rift, split Bewilder - (v.) to puzzle completely, confuse. Synonyms: baffle, perplex Antonyms: set straight, enlighten Buffoon - (adj.) a clown; a coarse, stupid person. Synonyms: jester, fool Controversial - (adj.) arousing argument, dispute, or disagreement. Synonyms: arguable, debatable Dishearten - (v.) to discourage. Synonyms: dismay, demoralize, dispirit Antonyms: encourage, hearten
Week 8 If there is a direct object in a sentence, there may be an objective complement that follows it. An objective complement will either be a noun that renames the direct object, or an adjective that describes the direct object. Some sentences have objective complements and some don’t.
If there is an objective complement, it will be located after the direct object. The word order would be: Subject, verb, direct object, objective complement Golf experts consider Tiger Woods a special talent. His personality makes him valuable. Box and label the objective complements in the sentence. Week 8
Fruitless - (adj.) not producing the desired results, unsuccessful. Synonyms: useless, vain, unproductive, futile Antonyms: productive, effective Hostile - (adj.) unfriendly; unfavorable; warlike, aggressive. Synonyms: unfriendly, not cordial Antonyms: friendly, cordial, peaceful Inflammable - (adj.) easily set on fire; easily angered or aroused. Synonyms: combustible, flammable, excitable Antonyms: fireproof, fire-resistant, calm Inflict - (v.) to give or cause something unpleasant, impose. Synonyms: deal out, visit upon Antonyms: suffer, undergo, sustain Malignant - (adj.) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious. Synonyms: lethal, wicked Antonyms: wholesome, beneficial, benign
Week 9 We are continuing with Objective Complements with week. Remember: Objective Complements are found after the Direct Object in the sentence. Enclose the Objective Complement in a box and label it with “O.C.”
Week 9 Mortify - (v.) to hurt someone’s feelings deeply; to cause embarrassment or humiliation; to subdue or discipline by self- denial or suffering. Synonyms: humiliate, embarrass, abash Orthodox - (adj.) in agreement with established or generally accepted beliefs or ways of doing things. Synonyms: traditional, standard, customary Antonyms: unusual, unconventional Procure - (v.) to obtain through special effort; to bring about. Synonyms: gain, acquire, achieve Scurry - (v.) to run quickly, scamper, hurry. Synonyms: rush, dash, scramble Antonyms: trudge, plod, creep, crawl Sodden - (adj.) soaked with liquid or moisture; expressionless, dull, spiritless, listless. Synonyms: drenched, waterlogged, saturated Antonyms: parched, arid
Week 10 We are going to continue to focus on finding the objective complements.
Week 10 Spirited - (adj.) full of life and vigor; courageous. Synonyms: lively, animated, gallant Antonyms: lifeless, dull, lackluster Virtual- (adj.) having a certain force or effect in fact but not in name; so close as to be equivalent to the real thing. Synonyms: functioning as, equivalent to Void - (adj.) completely empty; having no legal force or effect; (n.) empty or unfilled space; (v.) to cancel, or nullify. Synonyms: invalid, vacant, bare Antonyms: ( adj.) in effect (v.) confirm Wayward- (adj.) disobedient, willful; unpredictable, capricious. Synonyms: perverse Antonyms: docile, well-behaved, predictable Wince - (v.) to draw back suddenly, as though in pain or fear; (n.) the act of drawing back in this way. Synonyms: flinch, shudder, recoil
Week 11 If the verb is a LINKING VERB, there will not be a direct object, indirect object, or an objective complement. A subject complement follows a linking verb. It will be either a predicate nominative or a predicate adjective. It will still be boxed as a “complement” of the sentence and labeled with initials.
Week 11 predicate nominative A predicate nominative is a noun or a pronoun that renames the subject. (The pronouns that can be predicate nominatives are “I, we, you, she, he, it, and they.”) predicate adjective A predicate adjective is an adjective that describes the subject. be made plural Hint: Remember that a predicate nominative can be made plural, but a predicate adjective cannot.
Week 11 Example: The children seemed sad after the movie. prepositional phrase prepositional phrase -after the movie linking verb- linking verb- seemed, You can use the substitution test if you are unsure whether it is an action or a linking verb. Subject - Subject - children predicate adjective- predicate adjective- sad, because is describes the subject. It cannot be plural.
Week 11 It was he in the room. Prepositional phrase- Prepositional phrase- in the room Verb Verb - was, don’t forget to label it as linking (L) Subject Subject - It Predicate Nominative Predicate Nominative -He, a pronoun that renames the subject
Week 11 Anecdote (n.) a short account of an incident in someone’s life Synonyms: tale, story, sketch, vignette, yarn Anecdote- (n.) a short account of an incident in someone’s life Synonyms: tale, story, sketch, vignette, yarn Consolidate ( v.) to combine, unite; make solid or firm Synonyms: strengthen, firm up, merge Antonyms: scatter, disperse, dissipate, separate Consolidate- ( v.) to combine, unite; make solid or firm Synonyms: strengthen, firm up, merge Antonyms: scatter, disperse, dissipate, separate Counterfeit (n.) an imitation designed to deceive; (adj.) not genuine, fake; (v.) to make an illegal copy Synonyms: (adj.) false, phony, bogus Counterfeit- (n.) an imitation designed to deceive; (adj.) not genuine, fake; (v.) to make an illegal copy Synonyms: (adj.) false, phony, bogus Docile - ( adj.) easily taught, led, or managed; obedient Synonyms: manageable, teachable, pliant Antonyms: unruly, wayward, intractable, disobedient Dominate - (v.) to rule over by strength or power, control; to tower over, command due to height Synonyms: control, govern, overlook
Week 12 We are continuing to find the predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives in our sentences this week. Remember: predicate nominatives predicate nominatives are nouns that rename the subject and predicateadjectives predicate adjectives are adjectives that describes the subject
Week 12 Examples: I am the leader of the Girl Scout troop. Prepositional phrase- Prepositional phrase- of the Girl Scout troop Verb Verb - am Subject Subject - I Predicate Nominative- Predicate Nominative- leader, renames ‘I’
Week 12 Entreat - (v.) to beg, implore, ask earnestly Synonyms: plead, beseech Antonyms: clamor for Fallible - (adj.) capable of being wrong, mistaken, or inaccurate Synonyms: imperfect. Errant Antonyms: foolproof, unfailing, flawless Fickle - (adj.) liable to change very rapidly; erratic; marked by a lack of constancy or steadiness, inconsistent Synonyms: capricious, inconstant, faithless Antonym: constant, steady, invariable Fugitive - ( n.) one who flees or runs away; (adj.) fleeting, lasting a very short time; wandering; difficult to grasp Synonyms: (n.) runaway, deserter; (adj.) elusive Antonyms: (adj.) lasting, enduring, permanent Grimy - ( adj.) very dirty, covered with dirt or soot Synonyms: filthy, sooty, soiled, dirt-encrusted Antonyms: spotless, spick-and-span, immaculate
Week 13 Compliments Review If the sentence has an ACTION VERB, look to see if it has a DIRECT OBJECT. If it does contain a direct object, then check to see if it also has an INDIRECT OBJECT. If it doesn’t have an indirect object, see it is has an OBJECTIVE COMPLEMENT. Direct Objects Say the subject say the verb then ask whom? or what? Indirect Objects Comes before the direct object in the sentence and answers to whom? or for whom? Objective Complement Follows the direct object and renames or describes the direct object.
Week 13 Review of Complements IF your sentence has a LINKING VERB, see if it contains PREDICATE NOMINATIVE or a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE. Predicate Nominative A noun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject of the sentence. Predicate Adjective An adjective that follows the linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence.
Week 13 Iota - ( n.) a very small part or quantity Synonyms: speck, dab, jot, bit, smidgen Anonyms: flood, deluge, avalanche, glut Maul - (v.) to beat or knock about, handle roughly; to mangle; (n.) a heavy hammer Synonyms: (v.)rough up, manhandle, batter Potential - (adj.) possible, able to happen; (n.) something that can develop or become a reality Synonyms: (n.) possibility, capability Antonyms: (adj.) actual, real, unlikely, impossible Radiant - (adj.) shining, bright; giving forth light or energy Synonyms: glowing, brilliant, dazzling, resplendent Antonyms: dull, tarnished, lackluster Rural - (adj.) relating to farm areas and life in the country Synonyms: countrified, rustic Antonyms: urban, metropolitan, citified
Week 14 Compliments Review If the sentence has an ACTION VERB, look to see if it has a DIRECT OBJECT. If it does contain a direct object, then check to see if it also has an INDIRECT OBJECT. If it doesn’t have an indirect object, see it is has an OBJECTIVE COMPLEMENT. Direct Objects Say the subject say the verb then ask whom? or what? Indirect Objects Comes before the direct object in the sentence and answers to whom? or for whom? Objective Complement Follows the direct object and renames or describes the direct object.
Week 14 Review of Complements IF your sentence has a LINKING VERB, see if it contains PREDICATE NOMINATIVE or a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE. Predicate Nominative A noun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject of the sentence. Predicate Adjective An adjective that follows the linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence.
Week 14 Substantial - (adj.) large, important; major, significant; prosperous; not imaginary, material Synonyms: considerable, tangible, big Antonyms: minor, insignificant, negligible Tactful - (adj.) skilled in handling difficult situations or people, polite Synonyms: skillful, diplomatic, discreet Antonyms: clumsy, boorish, indiscreet Tamper - (v.) to interfere with, to meddle rashly or foolishly with; to handle in a secret and improper way Synonyms: monkey with, fool with, mess with Ultimate - (adj.) last, final; most important or extreme; eventual; basic fundamental Synonyms: farthest, furthest, terminal Anonyms: first, initial, most immediate, nearest Uncertainly - (n.) doubt, the state of being unsure Synonyms: doubtfulness, hesitation Antonyms: sureness, certainty, confidence