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CISB444 - Strategic Information Systems Planning Chapter 6 – Managing The Applications Portfolio.

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Presentation on theme: "CISB444 - Strategic Information Systems Planning Chapter 6 – Managing The Applications Portfolio."— Presentation transcript:

1 CISB444 - Strategic Information Systems Planning Chapter 6 – Managing The Applications Portfolio

2 Course Overview Chapter 6 describes ways in which the current and future applications of IT can be assessed in terms of their business contribution, both individually and as an overall portfolio of IS/IT investments. The appropriate management of each element in the portfolio CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 2

3 Main Topics Classifying the applications in the portfolio Generic application management strategies Applying portfolio management principles on the application portfolio CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 3

4 Introduction The applications portfolio concept bringing together existing, planned and potential information systems and assessing their business contribution. The main purpose in classifying applications is to ensure that they are managed successfully and that the expected contribution is delivered. The application portfolio provide relevant guidance to enlighten and support management decision making. CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 4

5 Classifying the Applications in the Portfolio Classifying existing and future applications in the portfolio helps the task of obtaining a consensus among executive management, line managers, and the IT management on the use of resources and the selection of the most effective sources – Which aspects should be managed in-house and which can and should be outsourced. CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 5

6 Classifying the Applications in the Portfolio It is important to understand the role of and value of the existing application to the organisation : – Some applications may be obsolete and no longer required – Others may need significant investment to avoid future business problems – Some may be underexploited – Others may be consuming undue amounts of resource in relation to their business value CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 6

7 Recap – types of IS Support - Applications that are valuable but not critical to success, IT/IS is used essentially for administrative systems to improve internal efficiency Key Operational - Applications on which the organisation currently depends for success IT/IS is critical to current operations and management High Potential - Applications that may be important in achieving future success, however, there is a degree of uncertainty as the capabilities of the company in terms of delivery ands upport are untested. Strategic - Applications that are critical to sustaining future business strategy CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 7

8 Classifying the Applications in the Portfolio: Questions to Ask Is the application delivering benefits that: 1. Result in a clear competitive advantage for the business? 2. Enable the achievement of specific business objectives and/or critical success factors? 3. Overcome known business disadvantages in relation to competitors? 4. Avoid foreseeable business risks becoming major problems in the near future? 5. Improve the productivity of the business and reduce long-term costs? 6. Enable the organisation to meet statutory requirements? - Will failure to comply lead to significant business risks? 7. Provide benefits not yet known, but may result in 1 or 2 above? CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 8

9 Classifying the Applications in the Portfolio: Interpretation CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 9 1. Result in a clear competitive advantage for the business? 2. Enable the achievement of specific business objectives and/or critical success factors? 3.Overcome known business disadvantages in relation to competitors? 4. Avoid foreseeable business risks becoming major problems in the near future?.5 Improve the productivity of the business and reduce long-term costs? 6 Enable the organisation to meet statutory requirements?.7 Provide benefits not yet known

10 Generic Application Management Strategies Parsons (1983), described 5 common strategies by which organizations link the management of IS/IT to the business management processes. – Centrally Planned, Leading Edge, Free Market, Monopoly and Scarce Resource These ‘linking strategies’ are general frameworks/generic strategies which will guide the opportunities for IT identified, the IT resources developed, the rate at which new technologies are adopted, the level of impact for IT within the firm, etc. The strategies define roles and responsibilities for 3 key parties – Executive management – Line management – operational – IS/IT specialist – internal/external CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 10

11 Centrally Planned CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 11

12 Leading Edge CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 12

13 Free Market CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 13

14 Monopoly 14

15 Scarce Resource CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 15

16 Generic Application Management Strategies - summary CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 16

17 Relationship of Applications Portfolio and Generic IS Strategies CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 17

18 Portfolio Management Principles Applied to the Applications Portfolio The main reason the product portfolio model offers useful input to the application portfolio is that it reflects the competitive business environment. The model was developed to assist in managing and planning in an uncertain, market-driven environment, where management decisions are made within a total environment that can only be influenced, not determined. IS/IT is also subject to the forces of the marketplace – external parameters now define the effectiveness of an organisation’s IS/IT management. CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 18

19 The Business/Systems Portfolio Matrix CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 19

20 Management Styles CISB414 - Strategic Information Systems Planning 20

21 Question 21


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