Bina Nusantara Government and Tourism Tourism sets to be one of the main international drivers and there is a critical difference between tourism and many other economic sector is that of inseparability, meaning tourism product requiring some commodification and sharing tradition, value system and culture. Thus, governments are involved in supporting positive benefit of tourism activities in a destination
Bina Nusantara Government Involvement in Tourism
Bina Nusantara How the involvement of Government in Tourism?
Bina Nusantara Administration of Tourism Government Ministry of Tourism National Tourist Office Regional Tourism Local Authority Destination Regional Tourism Local Authority Destination
Procedure and license permitting Ijin Sementara Usaha Pariwisata (3 years) Ijin Tetap Usaha Pariwisata (permanence)
Bina Nusantara Public sector and Impact The impact of tourism on public may be classified in two ways: Demand and revenue management Supply and cost management
Bina Nusantara Demand and revenue management Policy instruments to management demand: 1. Marketing and promotion 2. Information provision and network development 3. Pricing 4. Controlling access 5. Safety and security
Bina Nusantara Supply and cost management The activity on supply side is concerned with influencing the provider of tourist facilities and services through 1. Land use planning and environmental control 2. Building regulation 3. Market regulation 4. Market research and planning 5. Taxation 6. Ownership 7. Education and training 8. Investment incentives
Bina Nusantara Tourism Policy Tourism public policy can help the cause and consequences of policy decisions. Policy influence tourism in many ways: – The political nature of the policy-making process – The degree of public participation in tourism policy – The source of power – The perception of stakeholders as the effectiveness of tourism policies
Bina Nusantara The policy-making process in tourism Problems/ Issue identify Policy formulation Policy implementation Monitoring & evaluation Problem/issue Redefined/ superseded Policy- makers Consultation Stakeholders In tourism
Bina Nusantara Tourism-related legislation Tourism & transportation Tourism & human resource Tourism & trade-industry Tourism & environment Etc.
Bina Nusantara Intervention Policy Many parties involve in tourism policy, conflict of interest between parties may occurs. It is important to continuously understand that the policies are made for the sake of stakeholders (residents, tourist business interests and pressure groups, etc.)stakeholders
Bina Nusantara Governmental tourism strategies To guide the multitude of public sector agencies and stakeholders involved in tourism, government will embody many of the policy objectives in a strategy document, called Renstra (Rencana Strategy Pariwisata Nasional.Renstra This document will identify what wishes to achieve in broad terms in tourism and identifies objectives and action points for stakeholders.
Bina Nusantara Conclusion Government intervene in tourism to assist and regulate the stakeholder particularly private sectors The complex nature of tourism make it is unlikely other parties in tourism will satisfy all the tourism policy, thus it is important to coordinate and integrate all aspects involvement in tourism.