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The Face of Poverty: Where do we go from here? Presented by Dr. Kreslyn McGinnis & Ms. Avis Williams
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Our Objectives To ENLIGHTEN you of issues that schools/communities face as a result of educating children in poverty. To MOTIVATE you to find solutions to help narrow/close the achievement gaps between students in poverty and their middle class counterparts. To MOBILIZE you into action by providing strategies for success.
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC The State of Huntsville/Madison County’s Educational Systems Huntsville Times – March 16, 2008 Boom time for private schools by Steve Campbell Black, poor kids in city’s schools trail state scores by Steve Campbell No Child Left Behind – “Really???” BRAC – “All schools should strive for excellence…” Jim Williams, PARCA
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC What is Poverty? The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family’s total income is less than the family’s threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty.
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Poverty Thresholds Example: The threshold for a family of 5 is $24,662. This could include a mother, father, two children and a great-aunt. Mother: $10,000 Father:$10,000 Great-aunt:$ 5,000 Two children: 0 Total:$25,000
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Poverty Threshold Compare the total family income with their family’s threshold. Income/Threshold =$25,000/$24,662=1.01 Since their income was greater than their threshold, this family is NOT in poverty according to the official definition.
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Poverty Threshold How can a family of 5 survive on $25,000 with little assistance? Could you?
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Poverty in Alabama 24% of children in Alabama live in poverty (National 20% - based on poverty threshold) 44% of children in Alabama live in low- income families (National 39%) 18% of young white children and 51% of young black children live in poor families
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Poverty in Huntsville compared to Athens, GA Huntsville Total Households: 70,322 $46,193Median Income: $46,193 % Family Poverty: 8.7 Pov SM YC: 43.8% Pov SM YC: 43.8 % Pov All: 13.8 Pov YC: 26.2% Pov YC: 26.2 Athens Total Households: 41,922 30,397Median Income: $ 30,397 % Fam Poverty: 14.5 Pov SM YC: 21.9% Pov SM YC: 21.9 % Pov All: 31.1 % Pov YC: 33.4% Pov YC: 33.4 Source: U.S Census, 2006 ACS
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC What do these numbers mean to YOU ? What can Huntsville’s corporate community do to affect the number of single mother families? What role can your company play in leveling the playing field for our children? Are you your brothers keeper? What is it like to live in poverty in a “rich” city?
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Effects of Poverty on Children Physical Health problems Cognitive Ability School Achievement Emotional & Behavioral Outcomes Teen Out-of-wedlock Childbearing
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Effects of Poverty on Children Before entering kindergarten, the average cognitive scores of children from high SES is 60% higher than children from low SES At age 4, children in poverty are 18 months below what is normal for their age group (cognitive levels) Children from middle-income, well-educated families know about 12,000 words in 3 rd grade. Children in poverty know about 4,000 words.
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Consequences of Poverty on Children (Marzano, 2004) Lack of background knowledge/academic experiences Fluid & Crystallized intelligence Vocabulary Lack of self- confidence as a result of maltreatment
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self Actualization Esteem Love/Belonging Safety Physiological WHAT HAPPENS WHEN BASIC NEEDS ARE NOT MET?
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Motivation What if you could make a difference in one school?
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Narrowing the Achievement Gap Open-Mindedness Mentoring Reading Buddies Adopt-a-class Financial Support Corporate Sponsorship/Partnering Time Commitment Care for ALL students
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC GREATEST NEEDS More teachers for smaller classrooms ($50, each) Full time counselor/librarian ($50,000+) Part-time Social Worker ($15,000) Behavior Interventionist ( $13,000) Intervention tutors ( $9,000 each) Computer Programs ($13,000) Other technological needs ($$$$$) Student Supplies ($$$$$)
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC WANTED! Concerned Citizens
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Get Mobilized! Make a commitment! Partner with a Title I school. Allocate money where it is most needed. Become a Reading Buddy/Mentor. Get physically involved (1 hour lunch break). Pay employees to volunteer x number of hours of community service in schools per week. Be creative and think of other ways to be involved. This is not a committee, program, task or job…Be committed!
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Each One – Reach One YOU can make a difference!
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC How to Get Involved Contact the principal Inform of your desire to help Ask what the needs are Be flexible Collaborate with the principal or designee Follow-through Get others involved Stay focused!
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Action Plan Identify your target school State/Write your goal(s) and your action steps Determine needed resources and cost (if any) Share with others who may want to get involved Connect with decision makers and leaders DO SOMETHING!
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Suggested Reading Failure is NOT an Option by Alan Blankstein Building Background Knowledge by Robert Marzano Understanding Poverty by Ruby Payne The Essential 55 by Ron Clark What Great Teachers Do Differently by Todd Whitaker The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination by Bradley Schiller
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC Additional Resources “Poor education is the key vehicle through which poverty is passed on from one generation to the next.” – End Child Poverty Once and for All, The National Children’s Bureau
© 2008 by SYeNERGY, LLC
The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement Rebecca Derenge Office of Instructional Services West Virginia Department.
A Framework for Understanding Poverty-An Overview By Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D. A Model to address the Achievement Gap by dealing with issues related to poverty/not.
Why is Parental Involvement an Ongoing Critical Issue in Special Education? GVSU 670 Critical Issues in Special Education Elaine Martin and Linda Kevorkian.
Promoting school connections for youth in child welfare Ensuring Educational Stability, Continuity, & Success of Children in Foster Care A COLLABORATIVE.
INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES AND PRACTICES OF TEACHERS WHO WORK WITH STUDENTS EXPERIENCING HOMELESSNESS.
Theory of Change Workshop Bistandstorget February 2012 Contact INTRAC Training: Telephone: +44 (0) Website:
National Standards for Family-School Partnerships What We Can Do Together to Support Student Success.
******* School, Family, and Community Partnerships Federal Programs.
Patricia A. Jani Kimberly
1 ACCESSING EARLY EDUCATION AND CARE. Access: Who gets in? To what? For how long? To what end? 2.
Illinois Statewide Technical Assistance Center A System of Technical Assistance Provided by the Illinois State Board of Education Improving Family Involvement.
SCHOOL COUNSELING Fran Hensley, M.A.Ed. School Counselor NC Licensed Professional Counselor NCC, NBCC.
Beyond the Bake Sale The Essential Guide to Family- School Partnerships Anne T. Henderson, Karen L. Mapp, Vivian R. Johnson and Don Davies.
Student Success Skills Overview of key components Research base supporting development of the program Research results reflecting outcomes of using the.
Classroom Instruction that Works Relevant Research for Every Classroom.
1 Families, Educators, and the Family- School Partnership: Issues or Opportunities for Promoting Children’s Learning Competence? Sandra L. Christenson.
Understanding Response to Instruction and Intervention (RtII) The School District of Philadelphia RtII District Leadership Team in collaboration with the.
Department of Corrections Mentoring Initiative. Goals and Objectives 1.Fully understand what mentoring is. 2.How to recruit volunteers and work with local.
Parent Involvement Presented by: Terri Collier, Title I Coordinator West Virginia Department of Education.
Parental Involvement Family Engagement A Look at the Community Compact Model Spring 2014.
Working with Students. Effective Tutoring and Mentoring This training is geared towards volunteers working with students one-on-one in a tutoring or mentoring.
Developmentally Appropriate Practice “Meeting children where they are to help them reach challenging and achievable goals”
Indicator 1.02 Acquire foundational knowledge of customer/client/business behavior to understand what motivates decision- making.
A Parents Perspective on Transition Services/Processes for Children with Special Health Care Needs and Family Members.
New Charter Schools Technical Assistance Workshop January 18, 2013 Office of Title I New Jersey Department of Education.
Who am I as a Teacher? Final Project My Professional Identity as a Teacher: Beliefs about teaching, learning, literacy and assessment By Emily Mullins.
Standards-Based Classrooms What are they? How do you build one? West Georgia RESA School Improvement Toolbox Series.
FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT Why be involved Power of parental involvement Barriers to participation What engagement looks like Building capacity Liz.
GLOBO-TECH Learning in the 21 st Century Shana Curtis Nina Parrish Dana Ramsey Andrew Greene Tom Choroszucha Shana Curtis Nina Parrish Dana Ramsey Andrew.
Cooperative Learning The art of teaching is the art of assisting discovery. -Mark Van Doren.
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