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Canada. Location a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and.

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Presentation on theme: "Canada. Location a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canada

2 Location a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean.country North AmericaAtlantic OceanPacific OceanArctic Ocean

3 Basic info The world´s second largest country by total area Area - Total 9,984,670 km² (2nd)Area9,984,670 km²2nd Population estimate32,623,490Population (the density of 3.5 people per square kilometre is among the lowest in the world)

4 Population: Concentrated in a narrow belt close to the US border Most densely populated provinces are : Ontario, Quebec

5 Capital: Ottawa Largest City: Toronto

6 Flag Coat of Arms

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8 History First inhabitants came from Asia about 20,000 and 35,000 years ago over the Bering Strait (American Indians) Later they were joined by Eskimos who live in Arctic regions 10th century – Vikings from Norway

9 John Cabot (Giovanni Gabotto – Italian seaman) discovered the coast of Canada in 1497 (he served the English King) First permanent settlers were French - in the 17th century The Seven Years´ War ended in the defeat of the French and in 1763 Canada became a British Colony

10 1867 – it became the Dominion of Canada it consisted of only four provinces: Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick

11 Canada today: 10 provinces and 3 territories: 10 provinces and 3 territories the provinces are: 1. Alberta, 2. British Columbia, 3.Manitoba,4. New Brunswick, 5.Newfoundland and Labrador, 6. Nova Scotia, 7. Ontario, 8. Prince Edward Island, 9. Quebec, and 10. Saskatchewan.AlbertaBritish ColumbiaManitobaNew BrunswickNewfoundland and LabradorNova ScotiaOntarioPrince Edward IslandQuebec Saskatchewan

12 The territories are: the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon Territory.Northwest TerritoriesNunavut Yukon Territory The provinces have a large degree of autonomy from the federal government, the territories somewhat less.large degree of autonomy

13 Nunavut (April 1991)

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15 Government Constitutional Monarchy, in practice a parliamentary democracy with a federal system Head – the Queen, in practice the Governor General - Michaëlle Jean Parliament – 2 houses Senate, House of Commons)

16 Appointed in 2005

17 Head of Government: Prime Minister (Stephen Harper – Feb. 2006)

18 Relief: W – mountainous – the Cordilleras Centre – prairies – with rich, fertile soil, suitable for wheat growing (agricultural area) E – lowlands The highest peak – Mt. Logan (6,050m) in Yukon

19 Rivers Principal rivers: The Mackenzie (flowing from the Great Slave Lake to the north) The St. Lawrence River (flows into the Atlantic) The Fraser River (flows into the Pacific) In the N – rivers are ice-covered most of the year

20 Lakes Northern part of the Great Lakes excluding Lake Michigan (on U.S. territory) (Ontario, Huron, Erie,Superior) The Lake of the Woods The Great Slave Lake The Great Bear Lake

21 Largest towns Toronto Montreal (3mil.) Vancouver (over 1 mil.) Ottawa Quebec Calgary

22 Languages English French (30 per cent) – most of them live in Quebec

23 Climate Extremely cold in the N - arctic Warmer temperatures along the west coast Pacific Coast – moderate west coast temperatures – mild summers, cool winters Cenre – short, mild summers, very cold winters

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25 Economy To be continued…


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