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Final results from TWIST WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta James Bueno, University of British Columbia on behalf of the TWIST collaboration.

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Presentation on theme: "Final results from TWIST WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta James Bueno, University of British Columbia on behalf of the TWIST collaboration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Final results from TWIST WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta James Bueno, University of British Columbia on behalf of the TWIST collaboration

2 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Outline  Apparatus improvements  Systematic uncertainties for ρ and δ  Systematic uncertainties for P μ ξ  Quality of data  The final results  Implications for the Standard Model First announcement outside of TRIUMF 1

3 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta TRIUMF Weak Interaction Symmetry Test  Highly polarised μ + stopped in centre of symmetric detector.  e + tracked in uniform magnetic field.  Measures muon decay parameters by comparison to a detailed GEANT3 simulation.  Final data acquired in 2006/2007. Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A548 (2005) Jan 2010: Analysis complete

4 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta M13 beam line improvements Stopping target Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A566 (2006)

5 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta M13 beam line improvements Stopping target Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A566 (2006) Muons selected from different depths Improved engineering of TECs Beamline upgraded: “quadrupole steering” added 3

6 Spectrometer improvements Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A548 (2005) James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 4

7 Spectrometer improvements Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A548 (2005) James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Chamber spacing changed Voltage changed Al and Ag targets Permanent downstream trigger 4 Variable density gas degrader

8 Final uncertainties for ρ and δ James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Uncertainties ρ (10 −4 ) δ (10 −4 ) Positron interactions External uncertainties Momentum calibration1.2 Chamber response Resolution Spectrometer alignment Beam stability Statistical uncertainty Total in quadrature includes uncertainty due to radiative corrections

9 Positron interactions James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 6 δ-electrons: 2 x e+, 1 x e− Bremsstrahlung: 2 x e+ “Broken tracks”: δ-electrons: data/sim agree < 1%Brem: data/sim differ by ≈2.4%

10 Momentum calibration James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Spectrum endpoint provides a calibration Difference must be propagated to rest of spectrum 7 Simulation and data p max differ by ≈10 keV/c

11 Momentum calibration James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Difference between these choices gives uncertainties of 1.0 x for ρ, and 1.1 x for δ. 8 Extremes are application as a shift and scale Shift Scale

12 Chamber response James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta e+e+  Space-time relationship from GARFIELD is now refined to minimise track fit residuals.  Corrects for plane-to-plane construction differences, tracking bias. 9 (paper describing technique is submitted to Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A)

13 Uncertainties for P μ ξ James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta UncertaintiesP μ ξ (10 −4 ) Muon beam and fringe field+ 15.8, − 4.0 Depol. in stopping target3.2 Depol. in production target0.3 Background muons1.0 Chamber response2.3 Resolution1.5 Momentum calibration1.5 External uncertainties1.2 Positron interactions0.7 Beam stability0.3 Spectrometer alignment0.2 Statistical uncertainty3.5 Total in quadrature+ 16.9, −

14 Uncertainties for P μ ξ James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta UncertaintiesP μ ξ (10 −4 ) Muon beam and fringe field+ 15.8, − 4.0 Depol. in stopping target3.2 Depol. in production target0.3 Background muons1.0 Chamber response2.3 Resolution1.5 Momentum calibration1.5 External uncertainties1.2 Positron interactions0.7 Beam stability0.3 Spectrometer alignment0.2 Statistical uncertainty3.5 Total in quadrature+ 16.9, −

15 Muon beam and fringe field James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 11 2 m

16 Muon beam and fringe field James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 11 Position 2 m Angle

17 Muon beam and fringe field James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 12 At target, P μ = ± ? Transverse magnetic field components Units mT

18 Muon beam and fringe field James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Polarisation uncertainty (units 10 −4 ) How accurately do we know the beam polarisation at target entry? 13

19 P μ uncertain at level of Muon beam / field alignment James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Beam steered onto symmetry axis. P μ now less sensitive to alignment uncertainties. y (cm) new old − 6.4 x 10 −4 14

20 Magnetic field components James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Indirect validation: polarisation of real beam lowered. How well does the simulation reproduce the changes? Example: angle θ y ~ 28 mrad introduced Polarisation decrease of (105 ± 9) x Comparison I y vs. z Comparison II: position off axis by ~1 cm, angle θx ~ 10 mrad introduced. Comparison III: TECs-in through entire set, increasing multiple scattering upstream of fringe field. 15 Small transverse field components need increasing by 10% to improve data and simulation agreement.

21 Selecting muons in metal target James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta foil PC5 wires PC6 (PC = proportional chamber) Muon last hit must be in PC6, with no signal in PC7. PC7 16

22 Selecting muons in metal target James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta foil PC5 wires stops in gas Cut placed so that < 0.5% of the gas distribution contaminates “zone 1”. PC5 signal amplitude PC6 signal amplitude PC6 (PC = proportional chamber) 16

23 Measuring depolarisation in target James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Subsidiary μ + SR experiment: Targets are high purity (>99.999% purity) Al and Ag. no “fast depolarisation” down to 5 ns λ (ms − 1 ) AlAg 17

24 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Outline  Apparatus improvements  Systematic uncertainties for ρ and δ  Systematic uncertainties for P μ ξ  Quality of data  The final results  Implications for the Standard Model First announcement outside of TRIUMF 1

25 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 AgAl 18 All sets are used

26 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 Nominal sets 18 AgAl

27 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 18 AgAl Stopping distribution changed

28 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 18 AgAl Magnetic field changed

29 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 18 AgAl Muon beam steered off-axis

30 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: ρ and δ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 18 AgAl Lower muon momentum

31 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Set-to-set consistency: P μ ξ (difference between data and hidden values) units 10 −4 AgAl 19 Magnetic field changed Muon beam steered TECs-in (indicated sets were not included for P μ ξ)

32 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Spectrum fit quality Excellent fit quality over kinematic fiducial 20

33 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Before unblinding Collaboration agreed on:  Data sets to include.  Systematic uncertainties and corrections.  Level of required consistency with previous results.  Do we combine new results with intermediate TWIST measurements? (new results supersede)  Course of action if results are inconsistent with the Standard Model. (we publish!) 21

34 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Results revealed (29 Jan 2010) ρ = ± (stat) ± (syst) δ = ± (stat) ± (syst) 22

35 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Results revealed (29 Jan 2010) P μ ξ = ± (stat) (syst) − (syst) P μ ξ δ / ρ = − Pre-TWIST: ≤ P μ δ/ρ (90% C.L.) 2.9 σ from SM, under investigation 23

36 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Left-right symmetric models  Models add a right-handed current (V+A) to the weak interaction.  Right-handed W-boson introduced at higher energies.  Mass of W R > Mass of W L. Weak interaction eigenstates (W L, W R ) in terms of mass eigenstates (W 1,W 2 ) and mixing angle (ζ): Phys. Rev. D 34, (1986) 24 W L = W 1 cos ζ + W 2 sin ζ W R = e iω ( −W 1 sin ζ + W 2 cos ζ) Muon polarisation and decay parameters ξ and ρ are sensitive to m 2 (the new boson’s mass) and ζ (the mixing angle).

37 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Left-right symmetric models 90% C.L. exclusion Phys. Rev. D 34, (1986) 25 Manifest LRS 90% C.L. exclusion Generalised LRS D0 direct search Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, (2008) Allowed

38 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Global analysis of muon decay data General 4-fermion interaction: Standard Model (“V-A”): (all others zero) Global analysis determines weak coupling constants using:  TWIST results: ρ, δ, Pμξ  Polarisation of e + (longitudinal and transverse)  Radiative muon decay Method described in Phys. Rev. D, 72: (2005) 26

39 Global analysis of muon decay data James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 27  New limit on right-handed muon couplings: Pre-TWIST:Q μ R < 5.1 x 10 −3 (90% C.L.) New result:Q μ R < 5.8 x 10 −4 (90% C.L.)  Uncertainty for η reduced: 2005 global analysis:η = − ± New result:η = − ±  Improved uncertainties for other coupling constants: CouplingPre-TWISTNew | g S RR | < 0.066< | g V RR | < 0.033< | g S LR | < 0.125< | g V LR | < 0.060< | g T LR | < 0.036< Preliminary

40 Summary James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta 28  Systematic uncertainties in muon decay parameter measurements were substantially reduced in TWIST.  Total uncertainties were reduced by factors of 8.7, 11.6, and 7.0 for ρ, δ and P μ ξ respectively, roughly achieving the goals of the experiment.  Differences with Standard Model predictions are respectively −0.3 σ, +2.2 σ, and +1.2 σ.  We cannot yet explain the more significant deviation of P μ ξ δ/ρ above the limit of 1.0.

41 The TWIST collaboration (http://twist.triumf.ca) Supported by NSERC, the National Research Council of Canada, the Russian Ministry of Science, and the US department of energy. Computing resources provided by WestGrid. James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta

42 Backup slides James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta

43 Magnetic field components James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Comparison I 14 Nominal field

44 Magnetic field components James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Comparison I Scaling applied to B x and B y components of field map 14 Nominal field

45 Magnetic field components James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Data and simulation agree best when components are increased by 10%. Small transverse magnetic field components are scaled. Estimate of error

46 The muon decay parameters are bilinear combinations of the coupling constants: Coupling constants and decay parameters James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta

47 Summary of improvements James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Statistical uncertainty (x 10 −4 ) Systematic uncertainty (x 10 −4 ) Improvement over pre-TWIST ρ± 0.9± 2.8factor 8.7 δ± 1.6± 2.9factor 11.6 Pμξ± factor 7.0 − 6.3

48 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Decay spectrum When e + polarization not detected, spectrum is described by four muon decay parameters (bilinear combinations of ‘s)

49 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Blind analysis  Data compared to GEANT3 simulation with hidden decay parameters.  Hidden parameters are revealed after systematic uncertainties evaluated.  Spectrum is linear in P μ ξ, P μ ξδ, ρ, η  Differences from hidden parameters are measured.

50 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Hidden value tolerances data minus simulation hidden value in simulation result (data) ρ δ resultP μ ξ result

51 James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta Corrections (applied to data minus simulation, units 10 −4 ) PolarisationProduction target+ 0.3 at MeV/c multiple scattering+ 1.6 at MeV/c at MeV/c Final relaxation rate+ 2.7 for silver for aluminium ρδPμξ UnmatchedSpectrum fitter−0.2−0.1−0.5 statisticsEnergy calibration−1.3− (set dependent)to −1.7−

52 Fit derivatives Parameter correlations James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta corr(ρ,δ) = corr(ρ,Pμξ) = −0.06 (+), −0.14 (−) corr(δ,Pμξ) = −0.18 (+), −0.43 (−)

53 Improvement in systematic uncertainties: ρ James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta

54 Improvement in systematic uncertainties: δ James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta

55

56 Reconstruction inefficiency James Bueno, WNPPC 2010, Banff, Alberta cosθ momentum (MeV/c)


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