Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 OHS Management Systems and Programs in Canada Technical Workshop on Voluntary Programs and OSH Management Systems March 10-12, 2003.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "1 OHS Management Systems and Programs in Canada Technical Workshop on Voluntary Programs and OSH Management Systems March 10-12, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 OHS Management Systems and Programs in Canada Technical Workshop on Voluntary Programs and OSH Management Systems March 10-12, 2003

2 2 Overview of Presentation OHS jurisdictions in Canada Internal Responsibility System concept Organizational models Selected examples of OHS programs Conclusion

3 3 OHS Jurisdictions in Canada 14 OHS jurisdictions Areas of federal jurisdiction –Employees of federal government –Crown Corporations –Banking and telecommunications –Interprovincial/international transportation Areas of provincial/territorial jurisdiction –Construction and manufacturing –All other fields that are not federal

4 4 Internal Responsibility System Legislative basis –14 OHS Acts –14 Workers’ Compensation Acts Commonalities of OHS Acts –Internal Responsibility System (IRS) approach –Employers and workers working together to eliminate hazards –Government has a secondary role

5 5 Primary Roles - Employers Basic employers’ responsibilities General duty clause Specific responsibilities spelled out in the Act –Complying with detailed requirements that are in regulations –Developing OHS policy and prevention programs –Assessing, eliminating and controlling hazards –Informing workers of hazards –Providing training to workers –Working with joint labour-management health and safety committees and health and safety representatives

6 6 Primary Roles - Workers Basic workers’ rights To know To participate To refuse dangerous work

7 7 Secondary Role of Government Enforcement –Several models –From voluntary compliance to strong coercion Information/Training –Promotion Campaigns –Funding of workers’/employers’ OHS associations –Education –Worker Training

8 8 Organizational Models Focus on counselling Focus on prevention Focus on inspection Ministries of Labour Workers’ Compensation Boards OHS and workers’ compensation under the same agency

9 9 Selected Examples of Programs A wide variety of approaches Examples from six jurisdictions with explicit legislated requirements (British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia) Examples from two jurisdictions with no explicit requirements (Alberta, New Brunswick)

10 10 British Columbia - Program Content Statement of aims and responsibilities Regular inspections Written instructions Periodic management meetings for review and planning Incident investigation Records and statistics Instruction and supervision of workers Small businesses only need an informal OHS program

11 11 B.C. - Focus Firm Strategy Voluntary initiative Targets large employers and employers with high rates of injury Government support in a four-stage process: –Planning –Compliance and Education –Evaluation –Maintenance of Program

12 12 Ontario - Program Content Written policy and program to implement that policy Program Content (Guidelines Document) –Worker training –Workplace inspections and hazard analysis –Analysis of occupational accidents and illnesses –Health and safety budget –Formal means of communication to address concerns of workers –Specific procedures (confined space entry, lock-out, materials-handling, first-aid, rescue, emergency, etc.) –Machine guarding –Maintenance and repairs and housekeeping –Electrical safety –Fire prevention –Engineering controls

13 13 Ontario - Experience Rating Programs Prevention incentive programs to adjust workers’ compensation premiums Refunds or surcharges depending on employer health and safety record –CAD-7 for the Construction Sector –Merit Adjusted Premium Plan (MAP) For Small Business –New Experimental Experience Rating (NEER) Program for larger employers

14 14 Ontario - Voluntary Incentive Programs Safety Groups Program Groups of employers Each year each employer selects five safety elements for improvement Must show how each element has been integrated into its management system Group can receive a premium rebate based on success in implementation of their selected safety elements

15 15 Ontario - Voluntary Incentive Programs Safe Communities Incentive Program Community Based Firms must complete a twelve hour training program, do a self-evaluation of their OHS management system, develop a OHS policy and health and safety roles of employers and employees Participating firms can receive a five percent premium rebate

16 16 Quebec - Program Content Basic objective is to eliminate, at the source, risks to the health, safety and physical well-being of workers Programs must contain –Programs for the adaptation of the establishment to the standards prescribed by the regulations respecting Layout of workplaces Work organization Equipment and Material Contaminants and dangerous substances Processes Collective safety measures and equipment (ctd.)

17 17 Quebec - Program Content (ctd.) Programs must contain (ctd.) –Measures of supervision of the quality of the work environment and of preventive maintenance –The specific standards of hygiene and safety for the establishment –The terms and conditions of implementation of any other rule relating to health and safety in the establishment –Identification of appropriate protective devices and equipment –Training and information programs for workers in matters of health and safety

18 18 Manitoba - Program Content Policy Hazard identification, and measures to reduce, eliminate or control the hazards Emergency procedures and resources Statement of responsibilities of employer, supervisors and workers Regular inspection schedule Plan for control of biological or chemical substances Procedures to protect OHS where another employer or self- employed person is involved in work at the workplace Plan for training workers and supervisors in safe work practices and procedures Incident investigation procedure Procedure for worker participation in OHS activities Procedure to review OHS program at least every three years

19 19 Saskatchewan Mandatory for moderate to high-hazard workplaces with ten or more employees Program content and requirements are similar to those in Manitoba, except for requirement to develop a plan to safeguard contracted employer(s) or self- employed person(s)

20 20 Nova Scotia - Program Content Training and supervision of employees Written work procedures Health and safety committee or representative Hazard identification system –Workplace evaluation –Procedures and schedules for regular inspections –Hazard reporting procedures System for OHS monitoring, prompt follow-up and control of identified hazards System for investigation of hazardous occurrences Maintenance of records and statistics Monitor program implementation/effectiveness

21 21 Nova Scotia - Certificates of Recognition Independent Health and Safety Consultants can do OHS audits and provide Certificates of Recognition Potential suppliers may need to have a Certificate of Recognition to bid on contracts Government can review audits against established criteria and endorse audits

22 22 Alberta - Partnerships in Health and Safety Programs Voluntary program Certificate of Recognition is issued by a Certifying Partners and is co-signed by government Health and Safety Management System must include: –Clearly-stated company policy and management commitment –Hazard identification and control measures –Worker competency and training –Inspection program –Incident/accident investigation –Emergency response planning –Program administration (ctd.)

23 23 Alberta - Partnerships in Health and Safety Programs (ctd.) External audit Certifying Partner issues COR Internal audits at one year and two year points to maintain COR External audit every three years to renew COR Separate “Small Employer COR” for employers with fewer than ten employees

24 24 Alberta - Partners In Injury Reduction Voluntary incentive based program Reduction of workers’ compensation premiums –Minimum five per cent discount for a COR –Up to twenty per cent discount if claims performance improves up to twenty per cent –Up to twenty per cent discount if consistently better than industry average

25 25 New Brunswick - Health and Safety Improvement System Voluntary Program Based on five fundamental areas with twenty-two topics –Management commitment –Employee involvement –Health and safety responsibility –Hazard and risk management –Health and safety education

26 26 N.B. - Management Commitment Health and safety communication Management support Well-being of employees

27 27 N.B. - Employee Involvement Health and safety orientation Employee participation Required safe work practices

28 28 N.B. - Health and Safety Responsibility Health and safety policy Health and safety plan General health and safety rules Health and safety procedures or practices Legal obligations Health and safety actions

29 29 N.B. - Hazard and Risk Management Identification of hazards and risks Control of hazards and risks Hazard and risk reporting Accident reporting Accident investigation Accident and injury analysis Health and safety inspections

30 30 N.B. - Health and Safety Education Health and safety educational needs Health and safety education delivery Health and safety education effectiveness

31 31 Conclusion A variety of approaches in Canada Have presented selected examples from a number of jurisdictions Discussion – Questions and Answers

Download ppt "1 OHS Management Systems and Programs in Canada Technical Workshop on Voluntary Programs and OSH Management Systems March 10-12, 2003."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google