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Tangible Capital Assets Project Alberta Regional GFOA Workshops June 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Tangible Capital Assets Project Alberta Regional GFOA Workshops June 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tangible Capital Assets Project Alberta Regional GFOA Workshops June 2007

2 2 Presentation Overview Review PS 3150 Policies and Guidelines Implementation Plan Resources Required Implementation Budget Other “work in progress” information

3 3 Why Capitalize TCA? The principal reason for governments recording capital assets is to get a better appreciation of the stock & the cost of using these assets, which should lead to an improved decision-making process regarding their management. Reporting this capital asset information also provides accountability to taxpayers regarding the capital resources acquired, used & managed by governments. Public Sector Accounting Board

4 4 What problems are going to be encountered in complying?

5 5 Current TCA practices Some capitalize all assets except roads Some only capitalize debt financed assets Contributed capital is not capitalized No asset inventory listing Balance Sheet number is a ‘number only’

6 6 Implications for municipalities Process – implementation & on- going Resources required Financial reporting Budget processes Financial statement analysis

7 7 What will be gained?

8 8 Impacts (stated by PSAB) Better asset management More transparent to you, the public & others Increased awareness of a ‘national’ issue Data supports funding needs Explains level of tax & user fees Promotes better capital planning

9 9 Better asset management More transparent to you, the public & others Increased awareness of a ‘national’ issue Data supports funding needs Explains level of tax & user fees Promotes better capital planning

10 10 Asset Management Rationale Life cycle asset management minimizes total costs Poorly maintained assets increase liability concerns Provides better and more consistent levels of service Assets in good condition provide better and more efficient services Increased expectations for accountability and good stewardship Improve compliance with full cost recovery regulations

11 11 ‘Better asset management’ only if: Meeting the TCA requirement is taken seriously A good inventory of assets is developed Replacement cost information is added There is dedicated sincere analysis of the information

12 12 GFOA TCA Task Force  Group One: Asset Classes, Useful Life, Thresholds  Carol Engelking, City of Edmonton  Don Knutson, City of Medicine Hat  Carmela Krebes, City of Edmonton  Joanne Parkins, City of Red Deer  Dean Screpnek, Parkland County  Debbie Turner, Town of Gibbons

13 13 GFOA TCA Task Force  Group Two: 2007 F/S Note  Glen Jarbeau, City of Spruce Grove  Susan Koch, City of Calgary (previously)

14 14 GFOA TCA Task Force  Group Three: Financial Reporting, Balanced Budget Legislation  Glen Jarbeau, City of Spruce Grove  Chris Parkins, Alberta Municipal Affairs & Housing  Kim Ordway, City of Lethbridge  Barry Sawada, City of Lethbridge  Rick Wojtkiw, Sturgeon County

15 15 PS 3150 Overview

16 16 TCA Definition A significant economic resource managed by governments & a key component in the delivery of many government programs.

17 17 TCA Definition cont’d Includes such diverse items as roads, buildings, vehicles, equipment, land, water & other utility systems, aircraft, computer hardware & software, dams, canals, & bridges. (.02)

18 18 Who Owns the Roads? Key words in TCA definition Manage and Control; not ownership Sections 16, 18 and 22 (MGA) All roads, excluding provincial highways, are to be recorded as a TCA by the local municipality.

19 19 And What About Bridges? “….bridge structures on municipal roads are under the control and management of the Municipality,” Rural Transportation Funding Option Report, Q & A AAMD&C

20 20 TCA are non-financial assets that are held for use in the production and supply of goods and services useful lives extend beyond accounting period used on a continuing basis and not for sale. (.05)

21 21 TCA should be: reported as assets on statement of financial position (.07) recorded at cost (.09)

22 22 Why Historical Cost? Reliable – agrees to actual transaction Capable of independent verification Reasonably free from error or bias Provides consistent, verifiable foundation Consistent basis for stating the financial position

23 23 Amortization amortized over its useful life in a rational and systematic manner appropriate to nature and use (.22) should be expensed in statement of operations (.23) method and useful life should be regularly reviewed and revised when appropriate. (.29)

24 24 Write-downs TCA no longer contributes to government services or value of future economic benefits decreased (.31) Expensed (.32) Should not be reversed (.33)

25 25 Disposals Difference between net proceeds on disposal and net book value to be recorded as revenue or expense in statement of operations. (.38)

26 26 Presentation & Disclosure (Notes) For each major category of TCA: (.40) Beginning and end of period Cost, accumulated amortization, net book value For the period Additions, disposals, write-downs, amortization

27 27 Other information: (.42) Amortization method Net book value of TCA not being amortized Nature and amount of TCA received during period Nature and use of TCA at nominal value Nature of works of art and historical treasures Amount of interest capitalized

28 28 Transitional Provisions Effective in 2009 (.43) Progress report required in notes of 2007 financial statements (.45)

29 29 Existing Asset Valuation In the absence of historical cost, other valuation methods may be used. (.47) Fully amortized assets still in use need to be recorded. (.48)

30 30 What are the recommended guidelines?

31 31 Asset Classes Major classifications for TCA and minor classifications under ‘Engineered Structures’ should be consistently used by all Alberta municipalities for financial reporting.

32 32 Major Asset Classes Land Land Improvements Buildings Engineered Structures Machinery & Equipment Vehicles Cultural & Historical

33 33 Engineered Structures – Minor Classes Roadway system LRT system Water system Wastewater system Storm system Fibre optics Electricity system Gas distribution system

34 34 Engineered Structures Classification exception: Buildings and Machinery & Equipment

35 35 Useful Life and Amortization Methods Not greater than recommended maximum useful life ‘Straight line’ method most common ‘Unit of use or output’ and ‘declining balance’ also used 50% of annual amortization in year of acquisition/disposal

36 36 Capitalization Thresholds Definition The minimum value of an expenditure which meets the criteria of a tangible capital asset and will be recorded as a tangible capital asset.

37 37 PS 3150 TCA Definition Non-financial assets having physical substance that: are held for use in the production or supply of goods & services, for rental to others, for administrative purposes or for the development, construction, maintenance or repair of other tangible capital assets; have useful economic lives extending beyond an accounting period; are to be used on a continuing basis; & are not for sale in the ordinary course of operations

38 38 Capitalization Thresholds (cont) Each municipality determine thresholds No threshold for ‘Land’ Value per item not by group purchased Same threshold for each major asset class

39 39 Capitalization Threshold Factors Materiality Record Keeping Asset management Rate setting

40 40 Capitalization Threshold Principles Asset management a key driver Accounting policy not the driver Manageable Good judgment Review with your auditor

41 41 Suggested Minimum Capitalization Thresholds Asset DescriptionCitiesTownsVillagesRural Municipalities Land ---- Land Improvements10,0005,0002,0005,000 Buildings100,00025,00010,00050,000 Engineered Structures100,00025,00010,00050,000 Machinery & Equipment10,0005,0002,0005,000 Vehicles10,0005,0002,0005,000

42 42 TCA Progress Report CICA Accounting Guideline PSG-7 Information on some but not all TCA categories (5) Indicate categories excluded Similar information as PS 3150 For fiscal years 2007 until TCA implementation Sample note approved by AICA; provided in June, 2007

43 43 TCA Implementation Plan Absolutely Essential!!! Good sample plans available on web Complex project Important first step to an asset management plan Multi-year plan

44 44 Getting Started What is the status of our financial records? Where are other sources of information? What do we own and where are they? How will we gather the data? What priority is this project? How will it be staged?

45 45 Initial Departments Meeting PSAB requirements overview Stress importance and magnitude 2007/2008 report cards and 2009 completion Must meet audit requirements Determine types of TCA Establish project team – manager and departmental team leaders

46 46 Project Schedule Multi-year Consider staging Set target dates

47 47 Capital Policies Asset definition, single asset vs component, valuation methods, amortization methods, capitalization thresholds, useful life, maintenance or betterment, additions/disposals

48 48 Other Purposes for Recording TCA Risk management Maintenance Security Safety

49 49 Taking the Inventory Identify data sources Locations Data required Develop unique inventory forms Future identification Data transfer Test the process Inventory instructions and training Verify the data

50 50 Value Existing Assets All assets must be valued in some manner. Value can be estimated when historical cost is not known. Level of precision is less for existing assets.

51 51 Valuation Method Sequence Historical cost Reproduction cost discounted Replacement cost discounted Appraised cost discounted Residual value when fully amortized Nominal value; i.e. conservative estimate of cost

52 52 Discounting Process Determine year of construction or purchase. A pre-determined earliest year may be established provincially; for example, 1949. Apply a consistent Consumer Price Index to current replacement cost.

53 53 Steps Taken to Simplify Valuation Process Bridge Files Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation has determined the historical cost for most bridge files.

54 54 Steps Taken to Simplify Valuation Process Engineered Structures Municipal Affairs is researching the potential of developing a manual of replacement costs for most engineered structures which municipalities can use for consistent valuations.

55 55 Recording Engineered Structures & Systems – Network or Components? Network – one unit Less detail, easier to manage More difficult to value replacements

56 56 Recording Engineered Structures & Systems – Network or Components? Component – major components as separate assets More accurate, better information Better basis for asset management More time in maintaining records

57 57 Another Consideration - Segmentation Division of linear systems into geographical sections More accurate Easier to identify replacement costs Better information Increased recording time

58 58 Betterment or Maintenance? Network or component approach impacts the answer. See PS 3150:19-21

59 59 Further Information MEnet Website with links to

60 60 TCA Software Financial software provider is key stakeholder Determine current and future TCA software capabilities Determine general ledger and subsidiary ledger interfaces What are the reporting capabilities? Software vendor’s development schedule

61 61 Include Your Auditor Your auditor needs to review your plan. Determine audit requirements – audit trail, verification, valuation, asset life Auditor should include TCA in 2007 audit

62 62 Budgets and Financial Reporting ‘Full accrual’ budgets – non cash items Revised financial reporting in 2009 Plan for educating/training elected and appointed municipal officials

63 63 And After 2009 Processes for additions and disposals Policies for regular TCA review

64 64 Resources Required & Training ResourceResponsibility Personnel Project planning Policy development Software implementation Recording of assets Inventory and valuation Documentation Audit requirements

65 65 Resources Required & Training ResourceResponsibility Consultants/ Specialists Assist staff with additional work Inventory and valuation Engineering IT requirements/upgrades Training

66 66 Resources Required & Training ResourceResponsibility Auditors Review project plan Review capital policies Audit inventory & valuations Review financial processes/software Audit new reporting requirements

67 67 Implementation Budget Factors Size and complexity of asset base Condition of historical records In-house expertise

68 68 Implementation Budget Components Planning and policy development Human resources Asset inventory Software needs Engineering assistance Audit requirements

69 69 Other ‘Work-in-Progress’ Information Capital policy guidelines Inventory data Valuations Software Financial reporting and budgets Balanced budget legislation

70 70 Future Information Quarterly newsletters Toolkit June/07 Financial statement note, June/07 Additional guidelines/recommendations Western GFOA Conference, Calgary, Sept, 2007

71 71 This will be an ongoing ‘work-in-progress’ project. We are interested in your comments, questions, experiences and suggestions.

72 72 Thank you for attending. We wish you success in your TCA project!

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