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HOURS OF SERVICE Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle Director of Carrier Services www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca.

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Presentation on theme: "HOURS OF SERVICE Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle Director of Carrier Services www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOURS OF SERVICE Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle Director of Carrier Services

2 Discussion Topics New federal Hours of Service Regulations Introduction of new provincial Hours of Service Regulations for Alberta

3 Federal Hours of Service Regulations Federal Hours of Service Regulations apply to drivers of extra provincial motor carriers, regardless of country of origin (e.g. United States) Scope: -Trucks weighing >4,500 kg -Buses with a seating capacity of >10 Provinces/territories enforce the federal Hours of Service Regulations Similar regulations in provinces/territories

4 Review Initiated In mid 1990’s Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) Hours of Service Committee began reviewing the outdated rules to improve safety and efficiency Task was to revise National Safety Code (NSC) Standard 9 so that it could serve as template for new federal and provincial regulations

5 Review Process Involved significant collaborative research with U.S. Process has been open and collaborative – involving provinces/territories and stakeholders including safety advocates, labor, industry, drivers associations, etc. The House of Commons Standing Committee on Transportation (SCOT) Review: -Held public hearings -Endorsed the proposed changes (June 2002) a)recommend acceptance of the CTA/Teamsters agreement b)13 hours driving c)14 hours on-duty

6 Regulatory Process On September 20, 2002 Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers endorsed the revised NSC Standard 9 and agreed to initiate regulatory action based on the Standard On February 15, 2003 proposed federal regulations were published in the Canada Gazette Part I On November 16, 2005 the regulations were published in Canada Gazette Part II Implementation is targeted for early January 2007

7 Key Changes Some of the key changes are: -Increasing minimum daily off-duty time by 25% -Reducing daily on-duty time by 13% -Reducing daily driving time by 18% -Eliminating the “Off-duty Time Reduction” option -Restricting the drivers work shift to 16 hours

8 Key Changes Continued -Prohibiting cycle switching -Tightening the rules for sleeper berths -Requiring a mandatory 24 hours of consecutive off-duty time in any 14 day period -Allowing drivers to use a CMV for personal use (with restrictions) and -Requiring the operator to monitor the drivers compliance

9 General Rules For the “Day” No driver shall drive after accumulating -13 hours of driving time in a day -14 hours of on-duty time in a day A driver must take 10 hours off in a day A “day” is defined as a 24 hour period that begins at the hour designated by the motor carrier and is maintained for the duration of the cycle

10 Daily Off-Duty Time A driver must take 10 hours off in a day The total off-duty time must include at least 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time Off-Duty time other than the required 8 consecutive hours may be taken in blocks no less than 30 minutes each

11 Complying with Daily Rules 10 hours of off-duty time : = 10 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. 8 consecutive hours off-duty Off-duty ≥ 10 Driving ≤ 13 No driving after 14 hours on-duty

12 Complying With Daily Rules 10 hours of off-duty time : = 10 8 consecutive hours off-duty 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. Driving ≤ 13 No driving after 14 hours on-duty

13 Complying With Daily Rules 10 hours of off-duty time : = 10 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. 1 8 consecutive hours off-duty 9 consecutive hours off-duty

14 Complying With Daily Rules 10 hours of off-duty time : = 9.75 Violation: Less than 2 hours (1.75) of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. 1 8 consecutive hours off-duty Violation

15 Complying With Daily Rules 10 hours of off-duty time : = 10 Violation: Less than 2 hours (only one) of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. 1 8 consecutive hours off-duty

16 General Rules For The “Work Shift” No driver shall driver after accumulating -13 hours of driving time -14 hours of on-duty time -16 hours of elapsed time from the end of the last off-duty period of 8 hours or more unless the driver takes at least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time A driver can re-start driving by taking at least 8 consecutive hours off-duty providing no other limitations are violated

17 Complying With The Work Shift No driving after accumulating: 13 hours of driving time 14 hours of on-duty time 16 hours of elapsed time Start of Work Shift End of Work Shift 8 consecutive hours off-duty Violation: Driving after: 14 hours of on-duty time and 16 hours of elapsed time. 3 4

18 Complying With The Work Shift Day 1 Off-duty: 10 h ( ) Driving:13 h (5+4+4) On-duty: 14 h ( ) 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. Day 2 Off-duty:10 h (2+1+7) Driving:13 h (5+8) On-duty:14 h (1+ 5+8) 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time. Actual times: Driving = 13 On-duty = 14 Elapsed = 16 Actual Times: Driving = 13 On-duty = 14 Elapsed = 15 8 consecutive hours off-duty 9 consecutive hours off-duty

19 Over 2 days (show daily rules, work shift, 10 hours off)

20 Over 2 Days (show daily rules, work shift, 10 hours off)

21 Daily rules, work shift, 10 hours off 2 other hours of off-duty time not included in the 8 consecutive: = 1.75 Violation: Off-duty time in a day does not include at least 2 hours that do not form part of a period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time required by section consecutive hours off-duty Violation

22 Sleeper Berth (Single Driver) Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating off-duty time in no more than 2 periods if: -neither period is less than 2 hours -the total of the 2 is at least 10 hours -total driving time before and after each off-duty time does not exceed 13 hours -total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 14 th hour -elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 16 th hour

23 The 16 th Hour Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time that when added to a subsequent sleeper berth period totals at least 10 hours Includes: -all on-duty time -off-duty time not spent in the sleeper -non-qualifying sleeper berth time

24 Sleeper Berth Single Step 1: Rules for the Day Day 1 Day violation 10 ≥ 10 driving ≤ 13 No driving after 14 hours on-duty

25 Sleeper Berth Single Rules for the Work Shift Step 2: Identify rest periods A + B > 10B + C > 10 C + D > 10 A B C

26 Sleeper Berth Single Work Shift:No driving after 16hours has elapsed Driving < 13 No driving after 14 hours on duty Rules for the Work Shift Step 3: Verify driving periods A B C

27 Sleeper Berth (Team Drivers) Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating off-duty time in no more than 2 periods if: -neither period is less than 4 hours -the total of the 2 is at least 8 hours -total driving time before and after each off-duty time does not exceed 13 hours -total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 14 th hour -elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 16 th hour -must take 10 hours off in a day

28 The 16 th Hour Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time that when added to a subsequent sleeper berth period total at least 8 hours Includes: -all on-duty time -off-duty time not spent in the sleeper -non-qualifying sleeper berth time

29 Sleeper Berth Team Team Drivers

30 Sleeper Berth Team Day 1 Off-duty: 13 h (8+1+4) Driving: 9 h (3+2+4) On-duty: 11 h ( ) Day 2 Off-duty: 9 h (4+4+1) Driving:14 h (4+4+6) On-duty: 15 h ( ) Sleeper Berth: B (4 h) + C (4 h) = 8 h Before / After: Driving:12 h On-duty:14 h Elapsed:14 h Violation Before / After: Driving:13 h On-duty:15 h Elapsed:16 h Sleeper Berth: A (4 h) + B (4 h) = 8 h Before / After: Driving:10 h On-duty:11 h Elapsed:12 h 81 4 C AB

31 Deferral of Daily Off-Duty Time Driver can defer 2 hours of off-duty time to the following day The off-duty time deferred is not part of the 8 consecutive hours Total off-duty time in 2 days is at least 20 hours The off-duty time deferred is added to the 8 consecutive hours taken the second day Total driving time in the 2 days does not exceed 26 hours Must be noted in the “Remark” section Can not be used in conjunction with sleeper berth provisions

32 Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time 1 1 Day 1 Off-duty:8 h Driving:14 h (13+1) On-duty:16 h ( ) Day 2 Off-duty:12 h (1+1+10) Driving:12 h (3+5+4) On-duty:12 h (3+5+4) = consecutive hours off-duty consecutive hours off-duty Elapsed: 14 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 14 h Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 14 h Verify that over 2 days: a)Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1) b)Off-duty  20 ( = 20) c)Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2 d)Driving time  26 ( = 26) 2 hours deferred must be added to core rest period of 8

33 Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time Day 1 Off-duty:8 h Driving:13 h On-duty:16 h (1+13+2) Day 2 Off-duty:12h ( ) Driving:9 h ( ) On-duty:12 h ( ) Verify that over 2 days: a)Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1) b)Off-duty  20 ( = 20) c)Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2 d)Driving time  26 ( = 21) consecutive hours off-duty Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 16 h Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 9 h On-duty: 12 h = 10

34 Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time Day 1 Off-duty:10 h (4+6) Driving:11 h (7+4) On-duty:14 h (7+3+4) Day 2 Off-duty:10h (2+2+6) Driving:13 h (8+5) On-duty:14 h (8+1+5) Verify that over 2 days: a)Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1) b)Off-duty  20 ( = 20) c)Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2 d)Driving time  26 ( = 24) consecutive hours off-duty 10 consecutive hours off-duty Elapsed: 14 h Driving: 11 h On-duty: 14 h Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 14 h = = 8

35 Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time Day 1 Off-duty:8 h (4+4) Driving:13 h On-duty:16 h (13+3) Day 2 Off-duty:10h (4+2+4) Driving:13 h (8+5) On-duty:14 h (8+1+5) Verify that over 2 days: a)Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1) b)Off-duty  20 ( = 18) c)Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2 d)Driving time  26 ( = 26) consecutive hours off-duty 10 consecutive hours off-duty Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 16 h Elapsed: 16 h Driving: 13 h On-duty: 14 h = 10 8 consecutive hours off-duty

36 Cycles A driver must follow one of 2 cycles: -Cycle 1 – 70 hours in 7 days or -Cycle 2 – 120 hours in 14 days A driver must declare the cycle on their log sheet A driver must take at least 24 consecutive hours of off- duty time in the proceeding 14 days A driver following Cycle 2 must take at least 24 consecutive hours off-duty once the driver has accumulated 70 hours of on-duty time (not upon reaching the 70 th hour on-duty)

37 Cycle Resets (Optional) A driver can reset the current cycle by taking 36 hours off-duty for Cycle 1 and 72 hours off-duty for Cycle 2 A driver can switch cycles by taking 36 hours off-duty to switch from Cycle 1 to 2 and 72 hours off-duty to switch from Cycle 2 to Cycle 1

38 Permit – Oil Well Service Vehicles A provincial director upon approval from other provincial directors affected by the permit may issue a permit if there is no reason to believe that the safety or health of the public, the driver or of the employees of the motor carrier would be jeopardized. The driver of the permit is exempt from cycle requirements The driver must take at least 3, 24 hour periods of off-duty time consecutively or separated in any period of 24 days

39 Permit-Oil Well Service Vehicles (cont’d) The driver can not defer off-duty time to the next day The driver must maintain daily logs for each day even while operating within 160 km radius of the home terminal The driver must carry at least 14 days of daily logs and in addition daily logs for each of the required 3 periods of 24 consecutive hours of off-duty time

40 Stand-By Time Stand-by Time in the cab of the truck can count towards the 2 hours off-duty Stand-by Time can not count towards the 8 hours consecutive off-duty requirement All Stand-by Time will count towards the 16 hour work shift

41 Other Requirements Rules are varied for North of 60 Drivers are required to carry 14 days worth of daily logs regardless of the cycle being followed The new regulation details sleeper berth specifications Motor carriers, shippers, consignees or any other person is responsible for ensuring that a driver does not drive if the driver appears fatigued A motor carrier is required to monitor driver compliance to all regulatory requirements and to take remedial action and to record all information related to the incidents

42 Provincial Hours of Service Regulation Alberta will be proposing a provincial regulation that will reflect the principles of the federal regulation Alberta will be conducting public consultation on the proposed regulation once the Interpretation Guide for the federal regulation is complete


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