The Inverted-Pyramid Style Most Important Information Least Important Information
The Inverted-Pyramid Style AdvantagesDisadvantages Quick Read Easy Edit Repetition No Surprises Difficult to Follow
The Hourglass Style Inverted-Pyramid Style The Turn Chronological Conclusion
The Hourglass Style For Reporting… Sports Contests Criminal Investigations Natural Disasters Political Campaign
The Focus Style Nut GraphKicker Body of Story Focus Lead
The Focus Style For Reporting… A lead story related to a larger issue Advantages: Flexible Can be arranged chronologically
The Narrative Style Like Painting a Picture with Words
Helpful Hints Avoid Leapfrogging Names = Dull! Avoid Complexities Necessary Background Information Only
Transitions Like Railroad Ties… …Transitions help to connect ideas Types: Words Sentences
Transitions Words Time Causation Addition Contrast Comparison Sentences Declarative Interrogative
Beef It Up! How? Examples Description Humor Objectivity
Discussion Questions Is it sufficient when covering public controversies to simply report the facts accurately and fairly? Does it matter that fair and accurate reporting of facts might not do justice to the truth about the facts? Does the practice of objective reporting distance reporters from the substance of their stories in ways contrary to the ideals of responsible journalism?
Discussion Questions Should a journalist release all known case details regardless of possible harm?
End of the Line… Choose a Style Conducive to Story Use the Helpful Hints BEEF IT UP! Follow the 3 C’s Clear * Concise * Creative