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COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS.

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Presentation on theme: "COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

2 WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? WHAT IS AN ADVERB? WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? ADJECTIVE= A WORD WHICH DESCRIBES A NOUN EXAMPLE IN ENGLISH = TALL EXAMPLE IN FRENCH =GRAND WHAT IS AN ADVERB? ADVERB = A WORD WHICH DESCRIBES A VERB EXAMPLE IN ENGLISH = OFTEN EXAMPLE IN FRENCH = SOUVENT

3 WHEN WE SAY ‘COMPARATIVE,’ WHAT DO WE MEAN? WHEN WE SAY ‘SUPERLATIVE.’ WHAT DO WE MEAN? WHEN WE SAY ‘COMPARATIVE,’ WHAT DO WE MEAN? > WE ARE COMPARING SOMETHING OR SOMETHING, SAYING IT IS BIGGER, SMALLER, FATTER, THINNER, THAN SOMEONE OR SOMETHING ELSE. WHEN WE SAY ‘SUPERLATIVE.’ WHAT DO WE MEAN? > WE ARE SAYING SOMETHING OR SOMEONE IS THE BIGGEST, THE SMALLEST, THE FATTEST, THE THINNEST ETC. OUT OF A SELECTION OF PEOPLE OR THINGS.

4 COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES Comparing people or things = = more/ less/ as + adjective + than/as plus/ moins/ aussi + adjective + que  Katie is taller than Claire  Katie est plus grande que Claire  Tom is as happy as Tim  Tom est aussi content que Tim

5 Two key irregular comparative adjectives: Two key irregular comparative adjectives: better = meilleur(e)(s) + que worse = pire(s) + que  Pears are better than apples  Les poires sont meilleures que les pommes  Honey is worse than jam  Le miel est pire que la confiture

6 COMPARATIVE ADVERBS Comparing actions = = more/ less/ as/ as much as + adverb + than/as plus/ moins/ aussi/ autant + adverb + que  Katie works faster than Claire  Katie travaille plus vite que Claire  Tom swims slower than Tim  Tom nage plus lentement que Tim  Tom likes swimming as much as Tim  Tom aime nager autant que Tim

7 Two key irregular comparative adverbs: Two key irregular comparative adverbs: better = mieux + que worse = pire + que  Sophie draws better than Natalie  Sophie dessine mieux que Natalie  Jean-Paul writes worse than Pierre  Jean-Paul écrit pire que Pierre

8 SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Superlative of people or things = = the most/least + adjective =le, la, les + plus/moins + adjective  Katie is the tallest in the class  Katie est la plus grande dans la classe  Tom is the happiest in his family  Tom est le plus content de sa famille

9 Two key irregular superlative adjectives: Two key irregular superlative adjectives: the best = le/la/les + meilleur(e)(s) the worst = le/la/les + pire(s)  Pears are the best  Les poires sont les meilleures  Honey is the worst thing to eat  Le miel est la pire chose à manger (notice how ‘la pire’ agrees with ‘chose’ which is feminine, because you are saying it’s ‘the worst thing’)

10 SUPERLATIVE ADVERBS Superlative of actions = = the most/least + adverb =le + plus/moins + adverb  Katie swims the fastest  Katie nage le plus vite  Tom cooks the slowest  Tom cuisine le moins vite/ plus lentement  Notice how we only use ‘le’ here, because adverbs don’t change in gender or number.

11 Two key irregular superlative adverbs: Two key irregular superlative adverbs: the best = le mieux the worst = le pire  Peter reads the best/the worst  Peter lit le mieux/ le pire

12 Comparative Adjective Comparative Adverb Superlative Adjective Superlative Adverb Regular:plus + adj + queplus + adv+ quele /la/ les plus + adj le plus + adv moins + adj + quemoins + adv+ quele/ la/ les moins + adj le plus + adv aussi + adj + queaussi + adv+ que autant + adv+ que Irregularmeilleur(e)(s) + que mieux + quele/la/les meilleur(e)(s) le mieux pire(s) + quepire + quele/la/les piresle pire


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