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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. نسبت نشانه شناسی و فلسفه ارائه: احمد پاکتچی.

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Presentation on theme: "بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. نسبت نشانه شناسی و فلسفه ارائه: احمد پاکتچی."— Presentation transcript:

1 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

2 نسبت نشانه شناسی و فلسفه ارائه: احمد پاکتچی

3 Relationship of Semiotics and Philosophy Ahmad Pakatchi

4 در باره نشانه ها و دلالت افلاطون ارسطو پرفيريوس پروکلوس... فارابی ابن سينا

5 Aristotle, BC آثار مختلف ارسطو، از جمله Poetics (Three unities) Rhetoric

6 Plato, ~428-~348 BC در آثار افلاطون و ارسطو : بازنمايی Representation

7 Medieval Semiotics (Stanford) 1. Semiotics:its place in the framework of scholastic disciplines 2. The late ancient sources of medieval semiotics 2.1 Augustine (354–430) 2.2 Boethius (480–528) 3. Semiotic beginnings in the 11th and 12th century 4. The genesis of an elaborate theory of signs in the second half of 13th century 4.1 Ps.-Robert Kilwardby 4.2 Roger Bacon (ca ca. 1293)

8 Medieval Semiotics (Stanford) 5. Grammatica Speculativa and its critics 6. Mental concepts as signs 7. The sign as a central notion in 14th-century logic 8. The concept of sign in scholastic logic of 15th and early 16th-century Giovannin Manetti, Ancient SemioticsAncient Semiotics

9 آغازی بر نظريه نشانه Giordano Bruno ( ) João Poinsot ( ) John Locke ( ) Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690)

10 نخستين ساخت اصطلاح Towards the end of the seventeenth century, logic began to centre increasingly on an analysis of cognitive faculties. Such an analysis, introduced by Descartes, was carried further in the Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690) of John Locke and was the stepping-stone to what has been called 'facultative logic'. In this kind of logic the content of ideas is as important as their form, and equally important are the signs designating ideas. This not only explains why Locke equated logic with semiotics, but also gives an insight into the origins of the importance of language for later philosophy and logic.

11 Jean-Pierre de Crousaz Lausane, متأثر از افکار لاک Nouvel Essai de logique (1712) Traité du beau (1714) Examen du pyrrhonisme ancien et moderne (1733) La Logique ou la système de reflexion (6 vols., 1741)

12 قرن 19 م Charles Sanders Peirce ( ) Studies in Logic (1883, with colleagues) On Signs: Writings on Semiotics (1991)(1991)

13 قرن 19 م Friedrich Nietzsche ( ) ‘On Truth and Lying in an Extra-Moral Sense’, Friedrich Nietzsche on Rhetoric and Language, ed. and trans. Sander L. Gilman, Carole Blair, and David J. Parent, New York, Oxford University Press, 1989, pp

14 Edmund Husserl, Phenomenology Prague Circle of Linguistics

15 Ernest Cassirer, Hamburg, Library of the Cultural Sciences founded by Aby WarburgAby Warburg Philosophy of Symbolic Forms (1923–1929) Man as a "symbolic animal". حيوانات دنيای خود را با غريزه و حس مستقيم درمی يابند، اما انسان ها جهانی از معانی نمادين می سازند. علم و رياضيات از زبان طبيعی، و دين و هنر از اسطوره پديد آمده اند. Language vs. myth.

16 Ernest Cassirer, The Logic of the Cultural Sciences (1942) ارزش عينی و جهانی نه تنها در علوم، بلکه در پديده های عملی، فرهنگی، اخلاقی و زيبايی شناختی نيز قابل دستيابی است. در حالی که ارزش عينی بيناذهنی در علوم طبيی از قوانين جهانیِ طبيعت مشتق می شود، در علوم فرهنگی نيز ارزش عينی بيناذهنی به نحو مشابهی تحقق دارد.

17 Ernest Cassirer, Language and Myth (1925), English translation 1946 by Susanne K. Langer The Myth of the State (written and published in English) (posthumous) (1946) The Problem of Knowledge: Philosophy, Science, and History since Hegel (1950) (online edition)online edition Symbol, Myth, and Culture: Essays and Lectures of Ernst Cassirer, ed. by Donald Phillip Verene (1981)

18 Gustav Shpet, #

19 #

20 Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology Body and Image in Cognition: Corporeity Signes (Paris: Gallimard, 1960) Le Visible et l’invisible, suivi de notes de travail Edited by Claude Lefort (Paris: Gallimard, 1964)

21 Algirdas Julius Greimas, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer Carr ée sémiotique نشانه شناسی جهان طبيعی Beliauskas, Žilvinas (2001). "Algirdas Greimas in Lithuania and in the World". In Baranova, Jūratė. Lithuanian Philosophy: Persons and Ideas, p. 250.

22 Hermeneutics Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricœur, Paris School of Semiotics

23 John L. Austin, فيلسوف زبان بريتانيايی Pragmatics, Speech Acts Theory Sense and Sensibilia, 1962 How to do Things with Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955, 1962 Philosophical Papers, 1961, 1970, 1979 Philosophy of Language: The Central Topics by Susana Nuccetelli, Gary Seay, J.L. Austin and Anthony Brueckner

24 John L. Austin, فيلسوف زبان بريتانيايی Pragmatics, Speech Acts Theory Sense and Sensibilia, 1962 How to do Things with Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955, 1962 Philosophical Papers, 1961, 1970, 1979 Philosophy of Language: The Central Topics by Susana Nuccetelli, Gary Seay, J.L. Austin and Anthony Brueckner

25 John Searle, فيلسوف زبان آمريکايی Pragmatics, Speech Acts Theory Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language (1969) Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts (essay collection; 1979) Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind (1983) Minds, Brains and Science: The 1984 Reith Lectures (lecture collection; 1984) Foundations of Illocutionary Logic (John Searle & Daniel Vanderveken 1985) The Rediscovery of the Mind (1992) The Construction of Social Reality (1995) The Mystery of Consciousness (review collection; 1997) Mind, Language and Society: Philosophy in the Real World (summary of earlier work; 1998) Consciousness and Language (essay collection; 2002) Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization (2010)

26 Jakob von Uexküll, Umwelt Uexküll, Jakob, Bausteine zu einer biologischen Weltanschauung, 1913 Uexküll, Jakob, Streifzüge durch die Umwelten von Tieren und Menschen, 1934 Uexküll, Jakob, Umwelt und Innenwelt der Tiere, 1909

27 Yuri Lotman Cultural Semiotics Semiosphere

28 Claus Emeche, زيست شناس نظری و فيلسوف دانمارکی، رئيس مرکز فلسفه طبيعت Downward Causation: Minds, Bodies and Matter by Peter Bogh Andersen, Claus Emmeche, Niels Ole Finnemann, and Peder Voetmann Christiansen (1996) Towards a Semiotic Biology: Life is the Action of Signs, ed. by Claus Emmeche, and Kalevi Kull (2011)

29 Henri Bergson, Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience (1889) Matière et mémoire (1896) Le rire (1900) Les Deux Sources de la Morale et de la Religion (1932)

30 Léon Brunschvicg, L'expérience humaine et la causalité physique (1922) Héritage de mots, héritage d'idées (1945)

31 Gaston Bachelard, La dialectique de la durée (1936) La poétique de l'espace (1958) L'eau et les rêves (1942) L'air et les songes (1943)

32 Gérard Chandès Le Serpent, la Femme et l‘ep é e: Recherches Sur L'Imagination Symbolique d‘un Romancier Medieval (1987) Le Merveilleux et La Magie Dans La Littérature (1992) Le bassin s émiotique et la sémiosphère, 2007

33 Existentialism Eero Tarasti Existential semiotics, 2000 Paris School of Semiotics

34 Michel Foucault, Les mots et les choses 1966 L’archéologie du savoir, 1969 Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique, 1976 Religion and Culture 1999 Episteme | Discours

35 Jean-François Lyotard, La Phénoménologie, 1954 Duchamp's TRANS/formers, 1977 L’Assassinat de l’expérience par la peinture, 1984 Pérégrinations: Loi, forme, événement, 1990 Chambre sourde: L’Antiesthétique de Malraux, 1998

36 Jacques Derrida, De la grammatologie, 1967 L'écriture et la difference, 1967 Marges de la philosophie, 1972 Derrida, J., Signéponge, 1975 Le monolinguisme de l'autre, 1996


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