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November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e1 The Aging Society and Inclusive Design Taking care of societal change.

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Presentation on theme: "November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e1 The Aging Society and Inclusive Design Taking care of societal change."— Presentation transcript:

1 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e1 The Aging Society and Inclusive Design Taking care of societal change

2 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e2 Ageing worldwide Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

3 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e3 Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

4 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e Population in millions Age UK 2006 Parker 2001 Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

5 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e Population in millions Age UK 2026 Parker 2001 Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

6 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e6 Societal change in Europe Lesser number of young personsLesser number of young persons More older adultsMore older adults Increased cultural diversityIncreased cultural diversity Increased range of needs and abilitiesIncreased range of needs and abilities Shortage of care personnelShortage of care personnel This calls for inclusive design

7 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e7 Inclusive design Design targeted at users with lower skillsDesign targeted at users with lower skills Concerns perceptual, motor, and mental skillsConcerns perceptual, motor, and mental skills Collaboration with carefully selected users in designCollaboration with carefully selected users in design

8 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e8

9 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e9 Inclusive design asks for: Demand Driven Control Demand driven control to enhance the authority of citizens in relation to the available supply Demand driven processes such as a free market system present in education, day care, housing, health care, etc Demand driven processes strengthen independence of individuals, may also enhance quality of life

10 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e10 What user-driven technology can do for society -Enhancement & Satisfaction of Individuals (increasing quality of life for young and old) -Prevention & Engagement of Hazards -Compensation & Assistance of Individuals -Care Support & Care Organisation (decreasing need for care personnel) -Providing innovative jobs for young adults -Answering to the increased variation in needs and abilities Source: Gerontechnology 2(2): ; 2002

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14 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e14 Application of Technology 93% of older persons (2.2 mil of 65+) live independently 33% of older persons with a severe physical disorder live in an unsuitable dwelling Source: Lectoraat Vraaggestuurde Zorg (dr. H.S.M. Kort), Utrecht 2005

15 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e15 Gero(n)technology () Definition Gero(n)technology (www.gerontechjournal.net) Definition Crossed and multidisciplinary approach between gerontology and technology –Gerontology: science of aging and development in different environments –Technology: techniques applied to the production of goods and services answering needs of work and daily living After: CORNET G., Revue Hospitalière de France, 1999, n°2, Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

16 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e16 A Smart Home Environment (SHE) is a home environment that adapts itself to the dweller. A SHE forms an invisible, intelligent, self-learning part of our daily life, combining functions pertaining to demand-driven comfort, domestic tasks, personal care, quality of life, and professional care Source: Bronswijk et al. 2005: De Intelligente Thuisomgeving. In: Handboek Zorg Thuis. Amsterdam: Elsevier

17 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e17 Evidence for the benefits of telemedicine Hailey al., J Telemed and Telecare, 2002; 8/1: studies from 1996 to 2000 Source: Alain Franco, 1st ISG Masterclass Gerontechnology, May 2006

18 November 28, 2007JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e18 Architect’s challenges Enhances satisfaction in communicationEnhances satisfaction in communication –Comfort (thermal, lighting, acoustic, olfactory, communication, energy management) Risk proofRisk proof –Safety, security, disease prevention (burglary, fire, other accidents, cancer, allergy, hyperreactivity, infections, etc) Supports / compensates human functionsSupports / compensates human functions –Supportive technology (mobility, communication, daily work and domestic activities, stimulating independence) Delivers and supports CareDelivers and supports Care –Care technology (communication, monitoring, telemedicine, telecare, empowerment of frail elderly, care management)


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