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27.04.09 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 1 Core-Skin-Shell Concept for New Building & Retrofitting IEA - ECBCS - Annex 50 – Prefab Retrofit.

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Presentation on theme: "27.04.09 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 1 Core-Skin-Shell Concept for New Building & Retrofitting IEA - ECBCS - Annex 50 – Prefab Retrofit."— Presentation transcript:

1 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 1 Core-Skin-Shell Concept for New Building & Retrofitting IEA - ECBCS - Annex 50 – Prefab Retrofit of Buildings CSTB – Grenoble APRIL Daniel QUENARD CSTB / Enveloppes et Revêtements / Physique des Matériaux

2 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 2 Holistic / System / Whole / Global Approach Building : Structure Envelope Equipments Car Industry : Platform Body Equipments

3 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 3 Clean Air - Light & Vision Hygro-Thermo-Acoustic Comfort Building : Climate Converter BE : interface – filter – skin – shell … Environmental Impact - Ecosystem Architecture Building Identity – Façade - Face Equipment Integration windows : clean air/daylighting/vision heating floor solar/water collectors air/water/electric networks air/water/electric networks

4 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 4 From Mono-Materials  to Multilayer Systems Source : High Performance Building Facade - LBL Source : EDISUD - Enveloppes « against » climate « with » climate

5 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 5  Protection against earthquake & “attacks”  Safety & Security  Protection against Rain & Wind Air & Water Tightness Air & Water Tightness  Protection against cold Thermal Insulation Thermal Insulation  Protection against Sun Solar Shadings Solar Shadings Building Envelope as a “Comfort Provider” Protection against …

6 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 6  Production with Wind Urban windmill Urban windmill  Production with Sun Solar Gains – Thermal & PV collectors Solar Gains – Thermal & PV collectors Day lighting Day lighting Water Recovery Water Recovery Building Envelope as an “Energy Harvester” Production with … … even more, as a “Resource Collector”

7 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 7 Building as an “Energy Cash Flow”  Heat/Cold Storage & Heat/Cold Release Sensible Heat : concrete, brick, adobe … Sensible Heat : concrete, brick, adobe … Latent Heat : Phase Change Materials Latent Heat : Phase Change Materials … coupled with Ventilation … coupled with Ventilation Night ventilation for cooling Night ventilation for cooling

8 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 8 4 important issues  The surface paradox  The couple Engineers-Architects  The dream of multifunctional materials  The winter/summer comfort

9 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 9 The Surface Paradox Heat losses vs Solar Gains Heat Losses : reduction of S, “compactness” - increasing of t Solar Gains : increasing of S 0 < g < 1 Solar Heat Gain Coefficient - SHGC LEB - Minergie - Effinergie - Casaclima - PassivHaus

10 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 10 The couple Architect & Engineer Doctor & Taylor : Health & Comfort … to make clothes for many styles without cutting arms or legs !!! How to combine ?? The Freedom of the Architect & The Requirements of the Engineer

11 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 11 The Dream of Multifunctional Materials ? Cost & Recycling Thermal Resistance / Mechanical Resistance Xchromic glazing …

12 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 12 Winter Comfort / Summer Comfort  Winter Comfort Thermal Insulation Thermal Insulation Air Tightness ( … keep cold air outside) Air Tightness ( … keep cold air outside) Solar Gains coupled with Thermal Inertia (Heat Storage) Solar Gains coupled with Thermal Inertia (Heat Storage)  Summer Comfort Thermal Insulation Thermal Insulation Solar Protections (… keep solar energy outside) Solar Protections (… keep solar energy outside) Night-Ventilation coupled with Thermal Inertia (Cool Storage) Night-Ventilation coupled with Thermal Inertia (Cool Storage)

13 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 13 Shell Core/Skin … vernacular shelter

14 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 14 Inspiration : Technical Sportswear Multilayer System First Layer : Under wear Function : moisture adsorption & diffusion Second Layer : Air Layer Function : Thermal Insulation & Air tightness Vapour permeability - Inertia (MCP) Third Layer : Shell Function : protection against wind, rain … (wind stopper, waterproof …) SKIN AEV rating for Windows A : Air tightness E : Water tightness V : Wind resistance

15 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 15 Source : Le Moniteur Curtain Wall …

16 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 16 Solar Protection Solar Gains CORE Security & Comfort Thermal Inertia Core-Skin-Shell-Building for New Buildings SKIN SHELL - SHED SKIN Thermal Insulation Airtighness SHELL Wind, Rain, Solar Protection Production with Wind & Solar Water Collector Windows CORE

17 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 17 CORE : - Security (Fire, Anti-Seismic) and Comfort – Cosy Space - Thermal inertia, HygroThermic and ThermoAcoustic Comfort, - IAQ … SKIN : - Thermal insulation without thermal bridge / thermal inertia - airtightness SHELL : - water tightness - roof, balcony, stairs, ducts … - energy harvester : solar collectors (Th-PV), windmill … - solar protection - fashion accessories (identity of the building) - self-supporting exo-skeleton - … Core-Skin-Shell-Building

18 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 18 CORE : Concrete, Brick, Adobe … Heavy & Thick CSSB CORE SKIN SHELL SKIN : MW, EPS, XPS, PU … Hemp, Linen, Sheep wool SHELL : Concrete, Steel, Wood …

19 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 19 CORE : PCM + Composite Light & Thin CSSB CORE SKIN SHELL SKIN : VIP + Composites SHELL : Steel/Wood/ Composites

20 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 20 WIRECOM Building Orleans France

21 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 21 WIRECOM Building Orleans France

22 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 22 WIRECOM Building Orleans France

23 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 23 Chantier-CQHE - Impact CORE SKIN SHELL COMPACITE Réduire la Surface LIBERTE Augmenter la Surface

24 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 24 Kassel-Marbachshöhe" D 1999 SHELL : Balconies SKIN : EPS SHELL : Roof

25 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 25 … some examples SKIN : MW SHELL : Roof + Solar Collectors SHELL : Balconies - Steel ETICS

26 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 26 Freiburg : Rolf Disch SHELL : Solar Roof SKIN : MW SHELL : Balconies - Steel

27 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 27 SHELL : Solar Roof SHELL : Balconies - Steel SKIN : MW Freiburg : Rolf Disch

28 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 28 BEDZED Cavity wall CORE SKIN SHELL Concrete Block 30 cm Mineral Wool Brick Rendering

29 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 29 Source : DTU Danemark Retrofitting

30 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 30 Retrofitting

31 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 31 CS² for Retrofitting 10DBMC International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components - LYON [France] April 2005 TT8-159, Renovation of Housing using a glass skin extra space, more comfort, better energy performance and an extended life span, M. Ham, R. Craenmehr, R. Driessen

32 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 32 Three Towers Grenoble ENSAG – 13 mars 2009 ARANTES Laëtitia CHALENCON Elodie HADJ HASSINE Yacine 598 kWh/m².an

33 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE kWh/m².an ENSAG – 13 mars 2009 ARANTES Laëtitia CHALENCON Elodie HADJ HASSINE Yacine

34 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 34 Student project - ENSAG - France

35 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 35 Solar Decathlon ENSAG - France Auteurs : Auzet marc, Braudo émilie, Chansavang quentin, Goudy juliette, Pradelle guillaume Édition : Architecture et Cultures Constructives - ENSAG 2009

36 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 36 Solar Decathlon Project ENSAG - France Auteurs : Auzet marc, Braudo émilie, Chansavang quentin, Goudy juliette, Pradelle guillaume Édition : Architecture et Cultures Constructives - ENSAG 2009

37 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 37 Core-Skin-Shell in Malaysia Source : /

38 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 38 Core : living space Source : /

39 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 39 Cooling : water on the core Ventilation : space between core & shell Source : /

40 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 40 Shell : Resources Collector Source : /

41 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 41 Energy-positive : Energy-positive : minimizing energy use; providing heating, cooling, and electricity; and storing or returning excess electricity to the grid. Adaptable : Adaptable : designed for movable walls, convertible rooms, and flexible systems to accommodate the changing needs of occupants (e.g, newborns to seniors) and future technological innovations. Affordable : Affordable : cost-effective in terms of comprehensive home ownership, spanning first cost, maintenance cost, life-cycle cost, and resale value. Durable : Durable : offering enhanced safety and resistance to natural hazards, including moisture, fire, and disaster, as well as decreased maintenance. … as a conclusion Building Envelope : Technology Road Map Vision DOE (USA)

42 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 42 Environmental : Environmental : harmless to the natural environment, resource-efficient, and appropriately balanced between embodied energy and durability. Healthy and comfortable : Healthy and comfortable : harmless to the well-being of construction workers and occupants and providing good air quality and flow, thermal and visual comfort, natural ventilation and light, and protection against fire, moisture, chemicals, radon, and noise pollution. Intelligent : Intelligent : using advanced sensors, monitors, controls, and communication technologies to improve resource efficiency, comfort, affordability, adaptability, durability, and environmental harmony. … as a conclusion

43 | DEPARTEMENT ENVELOPPE & REVETEMENTS | PAGE 43 WBCSD – Transforming Market


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