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Sociologia della comunicazione 17 marzo 2008 Scienza, umanesimo, cibercultura.

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Presentation on theme: "Sociologia della comunicazione 17 marzo 2008 Scienza, umanesimo, cibercultura."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sociologia della comunicazione 17 marzo 2008 Scienza, umanesimo, cibercultura

2 La sfida della cibercultura Una nuova concezione dello spazio della comunicazione (il ‘cyberspace’ come ambiente) Una nuova concezione del corpo umano (il ‘cyborg’, permeabilità del corpo umano alla tecnologia) Una nuova concezione della vita (ciber-evoluzionismo, biotecnologie, fisica dei sistemi aperti o caotici, auto- organizzazione, vita artificiale)


4 The digital divide In this study, the concept of the digital divide is understood as a multidimensional phenomenon encompassing three distinct aspects. The global divide refers to the divergence in Internet access between industrialized and developing societies. The social divide concerns the gap between the information poor and rich in each nation. And finally, within the online community, the democratic divide signifies the difference between those who do, and do not, use the panoply of digital resources to engage, mobilize, and participate in public life. (Pippa Norris Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide, Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 4)

5 Cyber-feminisms… Donna Haraway, Claudia Springer, Anne Balsamo, Rosi Braidotti, Sadie Plant, Katherine N. Hayles, Sarah Kember, VNS Matrix, Faith Wilding… A destra VNS Matrix…

6 Ciberspazio… In this silent world, all conversation is typed. To enter it, one forsakes both body and place and becomes a thing of words alone. You can see what your neighbors are saying (or recently said), but not what either they or their physical surroundings look like. Town meetings are continuous and discussions rage on everything from sexual kinks to depreciation schedules. Whether by one telephonic tendril or millions, they are all connected to one another. Collectively, they form what their inhabitants call the Net. It extends across that immense region of electron states, microwaves, magnetic fields, light pulses and thought which sci-fi writer William Gibson named Cyberspace. – John Perry Barlow, "Crime and Puzzlement," 1990-06-08 Fonte ‘wikipedia: cyberspace)

7 Cyberspace is the "place" where a telephone conversation appears to occur. Not inside your actual phone, the plastic device on your desk. Not inside the other person's phone, in some other city. The place between the the past twenty years, this electrical "space," which was once thin and dark and one-dimensional -- little more than a narrow speaking-tube, stretching from phone to phone -- has flung itself open like a gigantic jack-in the- box. Light has flooded upon it, the eerie light of the glowing computer screen. This dark electric netherworld has become a vast flowering electronic landscape. Since the 1960s, the world of the telephone has cross-bred itself with computers and television, and though there is still no substance to cyberspace, nothing you can handle, it has a strange kind of physicality now. It makes good sense today to talk of cyberspace as a place all its own. – Bruce Sterling, Introduction to The Hacker Crackdown Fonte ‘wikipedia: cyberspace)

8 C.P. Snow “The two cultures” (1956) Once or twice I have asked the company how many of them could describe the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The response was cold: it was also negative. Yet I was asking something which is about the scientific equivalent of: Have you ever read a work of Shakespere's? I now believe that if I had asked an even simpler question - such as, What do you mean by mass, or acceleration, which is the scientific equivalent of saying, Can you read? - not more that one in ten of the highly educated would have felt I spoke the same language.

9 The “ mechanized ” nature of modern science, created and ruled according to a plan that totally dominates it, but of which it is unaware, glorifies its creator, and was thus admirably suited to the needs of both theologians and the physicists … This Christian nature, stripped of any property that permits man to identify with the ancient harmony of natural “ becoming ”, leaving man alone, face to face with God, …. (Ilya Prigogine e Isabelle Stengers Order Out of Chaos: Man ’ s New Dialogue with Nature. Toronto, Bantam Books, 1984, p. 50)

10 Science is rediscovering time …. This transition leads to a new concept of matter that is “ active, ” as matter leads to irreversible processes and as irreversible processes organize matter. (Prigogine e Stengers 1984: xxviii-xxix) … our vision of nature is undergoing a radical change toward the multiple, the temporal, and the complex. (Prigogine e Stengers 1984: 2)

11 Non bisogna cercare di vedere se un ’ idea è giusta o vera … Non è necessario essere competenti, sapere, o conoscere un campo particolare, bens ì apprendere questo o quello in campi differenti. E ’… un procedimento di “ pick — me-up ”, di “ pick-up ”, che secondo il dizionario vuol dire raccolta, occasione, accelerazione, captazione di onde; con in pi ù anche un senso sessuale. (Gilles Deleuze e Claire Carnet Conversazioni, Verona: Ombre Corte, 2006, p. 16)

12 He used the term matter for the plane of consistency or Body without Organs, in other words, the unformed, unorganized, nonstratified, or destratified body and all its flows; subatomic and submolecular particles, pure intensities, prevital and prephysical free singularities. (Deleuze & Guattari A Thousand Plateau, Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press, p. 43)

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