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/ 251 Problem Based Learning (Zekeriya Aktürk, Prof. Dr.)

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Presentation on theme: "/ 251 Problem Based Learning (Zekeriya Aktürk, Prof. Dr.)"— Presentation transcript:

1 / 251 Problem Based Learning (Zekeriya Aktürk, Prof. Dr.) http://aile.atauni.edu.tr

2 / 252 Aims and Objectives Aim: At the end of this presentation, the participants should have information about teaching in small groups and problem based learning. Objectives: by the conclusion of this presentation each participant should be able to: –Describe the indications for small group teachings –Define “problem based learning” –Explain four components of PBL

3 3 When do we need small group teaching? Knowl edge AttitudeProblem solving Communic ation skills Motor skills Class lecture73420 Discussion89672 Audiovisual lect63414 Role play48883 Case discussion57934 COACHING56879 Demonstration64749 / 25

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5 PBL An effective method of small group teaching is PBL Working in groups, students identify what they already know, what they need to know, and how and where to access new information that may lead to resolution of the problem. The goals of PBL are to help the students develop flexible knowledge, effective problem solving skills, self-directed learning, effective collaboration skills and intrinsic motivation / 255 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Problem-based_learning

6 6 Traditional teaching “Teacher” “Students” / 25

7 7 PBL “Teacher” “Students” / 25

8 Advantages The learner takes responsibility The tutor is able to assess learner needs Individual strengths/weaknesses can be revealed Learners learning capacity can be evaluated Enables self evaluation Is interactive –Passive learning: boring, student participation and grasping low –Interactive: Better learner attention and understanding / 25 8

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10 The Role of the Tutor Making a general plan of the sessions Promote participation Assure not deviating from the topic Time management Facilitator NOT GIVING A CLASSROOM PRESENTATION / 2510

11 Teacher Lecturer Instructor –one that instructs : teacher; especially : a college teacher below professorial rank teacher –one that teaches; especially : one whose occupation is to instruct tutor –a person charged with the instruction and guidance of another: –a private teacher / 2511

12 mentor –a trusted counselor or guide trainer –Synonyms: coach Facilitator –one that facilitates; especially : one that helps to bring about an outcome (as learning, productivity, or communication) by providing indirect or unobtrusive assistance, guidance, or supervision coach –[from the concept that the tutor conveys the student through examinations] a : a private tutor b : one who instructs or trains ; especially : one who instructs players in the fundamentals of a competitive sport and directs team strategy / 2512

13 Four Components of PBL A. Scenario (Problem) B. Students C. Tutor D. Evaluation / 2513

14 PBL (Stenden University) / 2514

15 Stages of PBL Define the Problem Define the topic and terms Develop solutions Select the best solution Share solution with others * Study what you don’t know * List what you know 15/ 25

16 Objectives aimed at PBL should be targeting higher levels in the learning taxonomy (i.e. analysis, synthesis, evaluation). The scenarios should be structured in order to develop analysis, synthesis, and evaluation capabilities of students. / 2516

17 The Process of PBL / 2517 MOHAMED ELHASSAN ABDALLA & ABDELRAHIM MUTWAKEL GAFFAR http://books.google.com.tr/books?id=8- AlR4SWfRMC&lpg=PA4&ots=Vt4ihsAwcd&dq=THE%20SEVEN%20STEPS%20OF%20PBL%20IMPLEM&pg=PA1#v= onepage&q&f=false

18 PBL Scenario Student copy Tutor copy / 2518

19 19/ 25 http://www.keele.ac.uk/media/keeleuniversity/group/hybridpbl/Example%20medical%20education%20PBL%20scenario.pdf

20 / 2520

21 / 2521

22 Evaluation / 2522 MOHAMED ELHASSAN ABDALLA & ABDELRAHIM MUTWAKEL GAFFAR http://books.google.com.tr/books?id=8- AlR4SWfRMC&lpg=PA4&ots=Vt4ihsAwcd&dq=THE%20SEVEN%20STEPS%20OF%20PBL%20IMPLEM&pg=PA1#v= onepage&q&f=false

23 / 2523 Rosamaria Valle, lleana Petra, Adrian Martinez-Gonzalez et l. Assessment of student performance in problem-based learning tutorial sessions. ME D I C A L ED U C A T I ON 1999;33:818±822 http://www.dhpescu.org/media/elip/PBL23.pdf

24 Maastricht University / 2524

25 Summary What is problem based learning? Explain the four components of a PBL Describe the application process of a PBL. / 2525


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