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Non-linear acoustics in Ultrasound Imaging Hans Torp Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering NTNU NTNUNorway Hans Torp NTNU, Norway.

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Presentation on theme: "Non-linear acoustics in Ultrasound Imaging Hans Torp Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering NTNU NTNUNorway Hans Torp NTNU, Norway."— Presentation transcript:

1 Non-linear acoustics in Ultrasound Imaging Hans Torp Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering NTNU NTNUNorway Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

2 Non-linear acoustics in Ultrasound Imaging Body wall object Nonlinear propagation Transducer nonlinear scattering Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

3 Nonlinear propagation Transmitted pulsePulse after 6cm propagation frequency fo 2fo 3fo frequency fo 2fo 3fo

4 Received signal is filtered by 1. transducer 2. Frequency dependent attenuation Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

5 Measured RF- spectrum Frequency range 1- 4 MHz Signal from ventricular septum Noise from LV cavity Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

6 Fundamental and second harmonic signal separated by filter 450 Fundamental2. harmonicSignal from septum Noise from LV cavity Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

7 Water tank experiment Full band 2nd Harmonic Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

8 Second harmonic imaging Reverberation noise is suppressed Conventional Bmode imaging ftx=3.4 MHz, frx=3.4 MHz 2.harmonic Bmode imaging ftx=1.7 MHz, frx=3.4 MHz x Frequency Signal Noise Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

9 Cardiac examples 3.5 MHz probe FundamentalOctave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

10 Cardiac examples 5 MHz probe Fundamental Octave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

11 Cardiac examples 5 MHz probe FundamentalOctave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

12 Brain - neonatal 5 MHz probe FundamentalOctave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

13 Brain - 18 week fetus 5 MHz probe FundamentalOctave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

14 Brain - 18 week fetus 5 MHz probe Fundamental Octave Hans Torp NTNU, Norway

15 Summary Harmonic distortion by wavepropagation is significant in medical ultrasound Acoustical noise is suppressed by filtering out the 2. Harm. Component Carefull pulse design to obtain short pulse with low 2. Harm. Content Improved elevation focusing is observed


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