Presentation on theme: "EXPLAINING PRINCIPLE WORK OF PICTURE TUBE EXPLAINING BASICS VIDEO SIGNAL BY SARBINI, S.Pd (SMK MUH 3 YOGYAKARTA)"— Presentation transcript:
EXPLAINING PRINCIPLE WORK OF PICTURE TUBE EXPLAINING BASICS VIDEO SIGNAL BY SARBINI, S.Pd (SMK MUH 3 YOGYAKARTA)
Teknologi dan Rekayasa A. P icture tube kinds : CRT (Cathoda Ray Tube) LCD (Liquid Cristal Display) PLASMA
Teknologi dan Rekayasa TECHNOLOGY CRT Digital Intelligent Picture Enhancement (DIPE) (each incoming signal is digital). Digital Natural Image engine atau disingkat DINe (equipped with a series of features digital image processing most up to date, including :
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Six-times Density Enhancer (Technology to improve the image density so that the high- resolution images produced become more clear) Signal Optimizer (Technology to optimize the signal into the television tube to remove the image distortion due to the intensity signal for broadcast transmission of low). Detail Enhancer functioned to sharpen colour limitation so that not blurred. Added with details clarity equation according to uniform in every channel. Detailed pictures are to be accurately as the original.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Color Optimizer to present natural colourful with optimizes colour that enter. Contrast Enhancer (this technology increases colour contrast power by expands bright colour gradation pattern and dark so that light intensity factious will be obviated and the resulting picture becomes more natural.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa STANDARD AND DISPLAY RESOLUTION STANDARD TYPESRESOLUTION (PIXSEL) APPLICATION XGA (Extended Graphics Array) 1024x and 17-inch CRT monitors 15-inch LCD monitors SXGA (Super XGA) 1280x and 17-inch CRT monitors 17-and 19-inch LCD monitors UXGA (Ultra XGA)1600x , 20-, 21-inch CRT monitors 20-inch LCD monitors QXGA (Quad XGA) 2048x inch and larger CRT monitors
Teknologi dan Rekayasa STANDARD AND DISPLAY RESOLUTION STANDARD TYPES RESOLUTION (PIXSEL) APPLICATION WXGA (Wide XGA) 1280x800 Wide aspect 15.4-inch laptops LCD displays WSXGA+ (Wide SXGA plus) 1680x1050 Wide aspect 20-inch LCD monitors WUXGA (Wide Ultra XGA) 1920x1200 Wide aspect 22-inch and larger LCD monitors
Teknologi dan Rekayasa 1.CRT (CATHODA RAY TUBE) Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) : a containing vacuum tube a electron rifle (electron guns) and a heater element, functioned to speed up and turn electron beam. Parts of the CRT color
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Cathode rays : a secretory electron beam from a cathode heater (heater) that resides in in vacuum tube, where does this electron beam will be pulled to anoda because the potential is high among katode and anoda, (voltage is generally in the orde Kilo volt)
Teknologi dan Rekayasa PARTS AND WORK PRINCIPLE CRT COLOURED 1. Electron guns 2. Electron beams 3. Focusing coils 4. Deflection coils 5. Anode 6. Mask 7. Phosphor layers 8. Close-up of the phosphor Parts CRT colour
Teknologi dan Rekayasa The screen has a number of phosphorus that will be fluorescent when exposed to fire electrons produced by electron gun. This electron beam be turned by magnetic field that controlled by vertical spool and horizontal (spool yoke). Magnified view of a shadow mask color CRT
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Electron at shoot off and will hit dots pospor will produce bright light and can be seen in the screen. Tube also have mask color, to place pospor's dots so correct electron beams. There 3 circles pospor that is red, blue and green. when described based on sequence the colour, so seen to like picture. Magnified view of an aperture grille color CRT
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Electron beam source electron rifle, produce a electron current passes emisi-termion, and centripetal be a little dots. Electron gun
Teknologi dan Rekayasa 5. Plasma Plasma is one of the alternative technology. To display colour picture, technology plasma use combination pospor red, green, and blue. Example of television display plasma
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Principle of work Plasma give load to pokes containing of neon gas and xeon that reside in between two glass panels. Plasma consist of one million tube fluorescent measure very little. Composition plasma display panel
Teknologi dan Rekayasa When does tube fluorescent given load, neon gas and xeon will take ultraviolet photon. Then photon will thresh pospor that shine colour light. This light combination will produce picture on television as we shall see.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Troubleshoot Plasma P roblem that appear screen plasma centre around performance pospor that take outside light: Performance pospor will decreased along walk it time. If performance pospor decreased, so light that taked moment pospor threshed photon, on the wane and dull. Contrast ratio will experience depreciation as big as 50 percents during use 4-5 year. While for aspect brightness (bright ratio), several producers claimed, depreciation as big as 50 percents, new will happen after use during clock (15 year normal use).
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Layer construction in plasma
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Grid formed by two electrodes
Teknologi dan Rekayasa 3. LCD TV LCD has contrast ratio begins from 400: 1 up to 800: 1. TV plasma begin from 600: 1 until most sophisticated has ability 1.500: 1. In TV LCD, screen is illumined by rearlamps so that relative not influenced dazzed because light reflection and give soft modulation pictures and bright even in room that shine bright or near where does sunshine enter. TV LCD is light and movable easily, one that matter can almost place where just that is wanted the user.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Parts of LCD and the function : Vertical filter film to polarization when enter light. Glass substrate with ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) electrodes to will determine (to form) dark element that appear when LCD be lighted or deaden. LCD‘s display part
Teknologi dan Rekayasa Twisted nematic liquid crystals. Glass substrate with common electrode film (ITO) is equiped horizontal ridges so that be a line with horizontal filter Horizontal film filter to blocks and get away light. picture LCD’s display parts Reflective surface to bounce back to return light forwards. (in backlit LCD, layer this replaced with light source)