3 We are going to discuss a “Personal Letter” about Someone’s trip to Genting
4 Read this letter and answer the questions! (Ujicoba Ujian akhir Bahasa Inggris DKI 2004) Dear Angelica, Thanks you for your letter. It was indeed exciting to read about your recent trip to Perth. You did have a wonderful time, didn’t you?
5 Well, I may not be as lucky as you but my trip to Genting was equally thrilling. I had heard a lot about this popular gateway from a friend of mine and everything was just as exciting as she had described.
6 We stayed overnight at my uncle’s house in Kuala Lumpur and left quite early so as to avoid the hot, midday sun. As soon as we arrived, I was the first to get out of the car. It was very cold but the air was fresh and clean. I took an instant liking to this place.
7 My brother and I spent most of our time entertaining ourselves at the recreation center while my parents had a good time at the casino which is strictly for adults.
8 I felt sad to leave this wonderful place after a brief stay but I’ll be there again. Perhaps you can be with me the next time. Write soon, won’t you? Your friend, Sally
9 1. Sally mostly talks about … in her letter. a.her recent trip to Perth b.her exciting trip to Genting c.the recreation center in Kuala Lumpur d.a very beautiful city of Kuala Lumpur
10 2.Why did Sally say “I may not be as lucky as you?” a.She was not able to visit Perth b.Only lucky people go to Perth c.She has not visited another country d.Visiting another country makes one lucky
11 3.Which is not right about Sally? a.She has been to Perth with Angelica b.Her trip to Genting was a short one c.She felt very excited during the trip d.She stayed in her uncle’s house in Kuala Lumpur
12 4.“but my trip to Genting was equally thrilling” What does the underlined word mean? a. Boring and tiring b. Exciting and enjoyable c. Surprising d. Uninteresting
13 Guessing meaning from context If you do need to know the meaning of an unfamiliar word, don't panic. There are various strategies that you can use to work out the meaning of the unknown words.
14 A.Check the context Are there any clues in the surrounding words or phrases? Look particularly at the words just before and just after the unfamiliar words.
15 Well, I may not be as lucky as you but my trip to Genting was equally thrilling. I had heard a lot about this popular gateway from a friend of mine and everything was just as exciting as she had described. Contoh
16 Sometimes the writers realize that the word is an uncommon one so they define, restate, explain or give an example of it. Words that signal meaning often include ‘is', ‘means', ‘refers to', ‘that is', ‘consists of'. B. Look for a definition
17 Contoh : Definition ‘Snoring is a noise generated by vibrations of the soft parts of the throat during sleep.' The word ‘is' signals a definition.
18 C.Identify the word's place and purpose Is it a noun, adjective, verb or adverb in the sentence? Are there any punctuation clues, for example, semicolons or question marks?
19 Contoh Soal He’s a very famous sculptor; he did that statue in the park, you know, the one with soldiers. The word underlined is… a. The name of the art form b. A place on a theatre stage c. Someone who works in the park d. The person who makes sculpture
20 Contoh soal Indonesia is a mountainous country. The underlined word means… a. A lot of mountains b. Many steep slopes c. A large number of islands d. A number of active volcanoes
21 D.Look for connective words They are often near the unknown words and will usually help to identify the general direction of the argument which will help to give some understanding of the unknown word.
22 And : additional information But / although : Contrast So : Conclusion Because : reason
23 Contoh Soal Anto: Indonesia has to import rice next year Mike : How come? Indonesia is an agriculture country. Anto: there are some reasons for that Mike : like what? Anto: the harvest failed….natural disasters occured
25 Break the word down into syllables Sometimes knowledge of common roots, affixes and possible similarity of words in your own language can help you to identify the meaning.
26 Example: Impossibility Possible (adjective/kata sifat) Impossible (adjective/kata sifat) Impossibility (noun/ kata benda)
27 Menafsirkan makna kata, frasa dan kalimat berdasarkan konteks; ketrampilan membaca ini dapat berupa: Menentukan rujukan kata (reference word) Dapat berupa : Pronoun (as a subject, as an object or possessive) Demonstrative Pronoun : That, This, These, Those
28 Jogging is a very popular activity in New York. In the winter the weather is too cold for it. But in the spring, it is warmer and many New Yorkers go out to jog in Center Park. This is a very good place to run Contoh
29 questions: What does the underlined word ‘it’ refer to? what does the word ‘this’ refer to?
31 Contoh Divers now work with wonderful machines. They use giant pumps and suction pipes: these suck up the sand and leave other things on the seabed. The divers can pick these up and take them to the surface
32 They use giant pumps….. The underlined word refers to… a.Pipes b.Orders c.Divers d.Machines