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SQL Structured Query Language. SQL The SELECT Statement The SELECT statement is used to select data from a table. The tabular result is stored in a result.

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Presentation on theme: "SQL Structured Query Language. SQL The SELECT Statement The SELECT statement is used to select data from a table. The tabular result is stored in a result."— Presentation transcript:

1 SQL Structured Query Language

2 SQL The SELECT Statement The SELECT statement is used to select data from a table. The tabular result is stored in a result table (called the result-set). Syntax SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name

3 To select the columns named "LastName" and "FirstName", use a SELECT statement like this: SELECT LastName, FirstName FROM Persons Persons LastNameFirstNameAddressCity HansenOlaTimoteivn 10Sandnes SvendsonToveBorgvn 23Sandnes PettersenKariStorgt 20Stavanger výsledok LastNameFirstName HansenOla SvendsonTove PettersenKari

4 To select all columns from the "Persons" table, use a * symbol instead of column names, like this: SELECT * FROM Persons LastNameFirstNameAddressCity HansenOlaTimoteivn 10Sandnes SvendsonToveBorgvn 23Sandnes PettersenKariStorgt 20Stavanger Select All Columns

5 The WHERE clause is used to specify a selection criterion. The WHERE Clause To conditionally select data from a table, a WHERE clause can be added to the SELECT statement. Syntax SELECT column FROM table WHERE column operator value

6 With the WHERE clause, the following operators can be used: OperatorDescription =Equal <>Not equal >Greater than =Greater than or equal <=Less than or equal BETWEENBetween an inclusive range LIKESearch for a pattern Note: In some versions of SQL the <> operator may be written as !=

7 Using the WHERE Clause To select only the persons living in the city "Sandnes", we add a WHERE clause to the SELECT statement: SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE City='Sandnes' LastNameFirstNameAddressCityYear HansenOlaTimoteivn 10Sandnes1951 SvendsonToveBorgvn 23Sandnes1978 SvendsonStaleKaivn 18Sandnes1980 PettersenKariStorgt 20Stavanger1960 LastNameFirstNameAddressCityYear HansenOlaTimoteivn 10Sandnes1951 SvendsonToveBorgvn 23Sandnes1978 SvendsonStaleKaivn 18Sandnes1980

8 Using Quotes Note that we have used single quotes around the conditional values in the examples. SQL uses single quotes around text values (most database systems will also accept double quotes). Numeric values should not be enclosed in quotes. For text values: This is correct : SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE FirstName='Tove' This is wrong: SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE FirstName=Tove

9 The LIKE Condition The LIKE condition is used to specify a search for a pattern in a column. Syntax SELECT column FROM table WHERE column LIKE pattern A "%" sign can be used to define wildcards (missing letters in the pattern) both before and after the pattern.

10 Using LIKE The following SQL statement will return persons with first names that start with an 'O': SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE FirstName LIKE 'O%' The following SQL statement will return persons with first names that end with an 'a': SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE FirstName LIKE '%a'

11 Using LIKE 2 The following SQL statement will return persons with first names that contain the pattern 'la': SELECT * FROM Persons WHERE FirstName LIKE '%la%'


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