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Classroom Introduction to Portable Fire Extinguishers with special attention to Motor Carrier Considerations for the Waste Industry Fairfax County Solid.

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Presentation on theme: "Classroom Introduction to Portable Fire Extinguishers with special attention to Motor Carrier Considerations for the Waste Industry Fairfax County Solid."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classroom Introduction to Portable Fire Extinguishers with special attention to Motor Carrier Considerations for the Waste Industry Fairfax County Solid Waste Management Program

2 OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVES: After this training you should be able to: IDENTIFYIDENTIFY causes of trash truck fires APPLYAPPLY immediate action steps EVALUATEEVALUATE when it is safe to fight an early-stage vehicle fire, and; APPLYAPPLY the P.A.S.S. method to operate your portable extinguisher. 1

3 Trash Truck fires usually start in one of three places: CABCAB –Electrical shorts under dash, often caused by improperly installed (unauthorized ) accessories –Discarded cigarettes igniting trash or upholstery ENGINE COMPARTMENTENGINE COMPARTMENT –Fuel or oil system leaks onto hot engine Pre-trip inspection, and proper maintenancePre-trip inspection, and proper maintenance CARGO AREA - COMPACTORCARGO AREA - COMPACTOR –Hot ashes discarded in household refuse –Hazardous Material reactions in collected refuse 2

4 IMMEDIATE ACTION: IMMEDIATE ACTION: If vehicle catches fire during operation: IN A SAFE LOCATION ! –PULL ENTIRELY OFF THE ROAD –Into a paved parking lot, or open field –NEVER at a gas station! CONTACT YOUR DISPATCHERCONTACT YOUR DISPATCHER CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT!CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT! 3

5 FIRE IN CAB: TURN OFF THE IGNITION!TURN OFF THE IGNITION! Stops flow of current to equipment EXIT THE CAB!EXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fire EXTINGUISH THE FIRE ONLY IF:EXTINGUISH THE FIRE ONLY IF: 1) You know what is burning, and fire is small / contained. 2) Extinguisher is available and you have been trained 3) Fire Department has been called, and you can fight the fire outside of the cab with your back to a clear exit from outside of the cab or with your back to a clear exit. 4

6 FIRE IN ENGINE COMPARTMNENT: TURN OFF THE IGNITION!TURN OFF THE IGNITION! Stops flow of current to equipment EXIT THE CAB!EXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fire DO NOT OPEN THE HOOD!DO NOT OPEN THE HOOD! (air intensifies fire!) KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY! KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY! until the Fire Department arrives 5

7 FIRE IN CARGO COMPARTMNENT TURN OFF THE IGNITION!TURN OFF THE IGNITION! Stops flow of current to equipment EXIT THE CAB!EXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fire DO NOT open cargo doorsDO NOT open cargo doors (air intensifies fire!) KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY! KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY! until the Fire Department arrives 6

8 DO NOT FIGHT A FIRE IF: You dont know what is burning! Wrong extinguisher can make things worse Risk of toxic fumes, explosion hazards Note NFPA labels or placards in discarded refuse. If in doubt, tag and leave any questionable materials at the curb! 7

9 COMMON FIRE CLASSIFICATIONS Ordinary combustibles P aper, wood, rubber, plastics and textiles. Flammable liquids Oil, gasoline, solvents Energized circuits Electrical equipment and computers 8

10 Extinguishers Approved for Motor Carrier Use Under NFPA-10 MULTI-PURPOSE RATEDMULTI-PURPOSE RATED either or either or CO 2 orCO 2 or Dry ChemicalDry Chemical 9

11 C0 2 C0 2 - Rated Best on burning liquids / electrical SHORT range - 3 to 8 ft.SHORT range - 3 to 8 ft. 10- pound unit empties in 5 to 10 seconds! – Use short spurts! DISPERSES QUICKLY!DISPERSES QUICKLY! –Continue applying after the fire is out! Nozzle / valve get VERY cold - hold properly Nozzle / valve get VERY cold - hold properly 10

12 DRY CHEMICAL Best for general use:Best for general use: Reduced risk of re-ignition A 10 lb. unit empties in 8-10 secs. –Effective range is 6 ft. to 15 ft. EitherOr 11

13 Extinguisher Common features Locking pin Carrying handle / operating lever Pressure gauge Label : –Type (Water, C02, Dry Chemical) –Classification (A, B, C) –NFPA capacity Rating –Instructions Discharge nozzle or horn 12

14 Extinguisher Inspection Is Part of your Pre-Trip! Unobstructed access Protective cover, safety pin GREENGage - in the GREEN zone Inspect discharge hose and nozzle for cracks, damage No corrosion on valve or tank Bracket, securely mounted Check inspection tag date 13

15 Remember the P(t)ASS word: Dont fight an engine or cargo area fire with a portable extinguisher! Exit the cab, stand well clear and WAIT for the fire department to arrive. If a cab fire is small and contained, stand at least 6 to 8 feet from the fire, with your back to a clear exit., then: 14

16 PULL PULL the pin 15

17 TEST ONLY upon your approach to the fire ONLY upon your approach to the fire Otherwise the powdered extinguishing agent may clog the nozzle if a unit is squeezed and released. 16

18 AIM LOW at the base of the fire 17

19 SQUEEZE the lever 18

20 SWEEP from side to side 19

21 OK, Its out… Now What? WATCH the fire area WATCH the fire area –If the fire flares up again repeat! –If you cant control the fire, LEAVE immediately –If you cant control the fire, LEAVE immediately! Call the fire department to inspect the area! Recharge or replace any used fire extinguisher! 20

22 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: This safety training module was developed in cooperation with: the National Fire Protection Association and the Public Information and Life Safety Education Section of the Fairfax County Fire & Rescue Department 4100 Chain Bridge Road, Fairfax, VA (703) or ( TTY Portions © by Dr. Robert Toreki, used by permission 21


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