Presentation on theme: "Made by Dávid Takács. István Széchenyi Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék (21 September 1791 – 8 April 1860) was a Hungarian politician, writer,"— Presentation transcript:
István Széchenyi Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék (21 September 1791 – 8 April 1860) was a Hungarian politician, writer, one of the greatest statesmen of Hungarian history.
Family and early life Széchenyi was born in Vienna. István Széchenyi's father was an enlightened aristocrat, who founded the Hungarian National Museum.
Travelling in Europe From September 1815 to 1821, Széchenyi travelled in Europe visiting France, England, Italy and Greece. The Count quickly became aware of the growing gap between the modern world and his country.
The great reformer Széchenyi founded the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1825.
Széchenyi’s political writings Hitel – Credit (1830) Világ – World (1831) Stádium – Stadium (1833)
Marriage and family In 1836 at the age of 45, Széchenyi married Countess Crescence Seilern in Buda. They had two sons: Béla Széchenyi and Ödön Széchenyi.
The most important work of Széchenyi Chain Bridge (Budapest) It is a suspension bridge that spans the River Danube between Buda and Pest, the western and eastern sides of Budapest.
Political rivalry with Kossuth His relation with Lajos Kossuth was not good. He always thought Kossuth was a political agitator who overplayed his popularity.
Retreat from politics In early September 1848 he retired from politics. He moved to Döbling.
Death Suffering from depression, Széchenyi committed suicide by a shot to his head on 8 April 1860, in his 68th year.