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ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Independent Self-Governing Trade Union „Solidarność” –Board of the Region NSZZ „S”

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Presentation on theme: "ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Independent Self-Governing Trade Union „Solidarność” –Board of the Region NSZZ „S”"— Presentation transcript:

1 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Independent Self-Governing Trade Union „Solidarność” –Board of the Region NSZZ „S” in Gdańsk National Secretariat of Building adn Wood Industry NSZZ “ Solidarnosc” Anna Maria Kiełczyńska General Secretary of the Project’s Bureau - MAYDAY EU Programmes Department

2 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Poland Exists on the map from year 1138 Exists on the map from year 1138 One of the biggest territorial One of the biggest territorial organisms of Europe in XVI century organisms of Europe in XVI century about 990 000km2 about 990 000km2 XIX century – partitions XIX century – partitions 1918 – independence of Poland… 1918 – independence of Poland… 1939 - 1945 – second world war 1939 - 1945 – second world war 1945 - 1989 – communism regime 1945 - 1989 – communism regime 1989 - start of democratic and economic reforms 1989 - start of democratic and economic reforms 1999 – joined NATO 1999 – joined NATO May 2004 – joined United Europe May 2004 – joined United Europe

3 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Poland Population: 1993 - 38 477 000, 38 635 144 2006 – 38 635 144 2010 - ok. 41 300 000 Capital city: Warszawa (1 642 000 inhabitants), Other big cities: Łódź - 851 000i., Kraków - 748 000i., Wrocław - 642 000i., Poznań - 588 000i., Gdańsk - 644 000i. Administrative Division: 16 voivodships The area: 312 865 sqr km The borders’ lenght:: 3321 km (with Belarus: 605 km, with Czech Rep.: 721 km, with Slovakia: 588 km, with Germany: 456 km, with Lithuania: 91 km, with Russia: (Kaliningrad District) 432 km, with Ukraina: 428 km).

4 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Economic Situation Inflation rate (2005) is 2.1% Inflation rate (2005) is 2.1% GNP – 3.2 % (2005) 5.5% (2006) GNP – 3.2 % (2005) 5.5% (2006) Minimum wage (2006) is of 899,10 PLN (€236,6) per month Minimum wage (2006) is of 899,10 PLN (€236,6) per month Row materials, industry products Row materials, industry products Services Services Agliculture Agliculture Industry Industry Turism Turism eksport :Germany: 30% Italy: 6,1% France: 6% Gr.Britain: 5,4% Czech Republic: 4,3% Holand: 4,3% eksport :Germany: 30% Italy: 6,1% France: 6% Gr.Britain: 5,4% Czech Republic: 4,3% Holand: 4,3% eksport import :Germany: 24,4% Italy: 7,9% Russia: 7,3% France: 6,7% China: 4,6% import :Germany: 24,4% Italy: 7,9% Russia: 7,3% France: 6,7% China: 4,6% import

5 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Workforce Employment: Employment: 18, 3 millions – 48% 18, 3 millions – 48% 70,3% (men 13 506 153; women 13 638 265) (15-64 age) 70,3% (men 13 506 153; women 13 638 265) (15-64 age) Employment: Employment: — agriculture 16,1% — industry 29% — services 54,9% Unemployed 14.9% Unemployed 14.9%

6 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Unions in Poland 3 major unions: 3 major unions: –NSZZ „Solidarność”; OPZZ ; Forum Związków zawodowych (FZZ) NSZZ „S” represents the interests of 800 000 of the total organised work force; NSZZ „S” represents the interests of 800 000 of the total organised work force; referred to hereafter as the Union, founded as a result of worker protests and established on the basis of the Gdańsk Accords signed on 31st August 1980 by the Inter-enterprise Strike Committee and the Government Commission, basing its activity on Christian ethics and Catholic social teachings, conducts activity to protect workers' interests and fulfils their material, social and cultural aspirations. referred to hereafter as the Union, founded as a result of worker protests and established on the basis of the Gdańsk Accords signed on 31st August 1980 by the Inter-enterprise Strike Committee and the Government Commission, basing its activity on Christian ethics and Catholic social teachings, conducts activity to protect workers' interests and fulfils their material, social and cultural aspirations.

7 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries NSZZ SOLIDARNOŚĆ 800.000 members OPZZ 500.000 members FORUM National Secretariat of Building and Wood Workers’ NSZZ „Solidarność” „Budowlani” Trade Union „Solidarność 80” Union of engeeners and technicians 18.000 members active workers at construction, wood, furniture IFBWW 15.000 members active workers at construction, wood, furniture, Forestry IFBWW, EFBWW UMBRELLA ORGANISATIONS SECTOR PARTNERS TRADE UNIONS IN THE POLISH CONSTRUCTION SECTOR

8 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries National Secretariat of Bulding and Wood Industry NSZZ „Solidarność” Has been established in 1991 Has been established in 1991 Gathers 5 national sections: Gathers 5 national sections: –National Construction Section Board of the Region NSZZ „S”; –National Section of Woodworkers, –National Section of Wood Based Boards; –National Section of Furniture Manufactures; –National Section of Construction Materials Total numnber of the members – 18 000 Total numnber of the members – 18 000 Takes part in forming agreements on the sector level – cooperates with other trade unions Takes part in forming agreements on the sector level – cooperates with other trade unions Tripartite Commission – NSZZ „S” Tripartite Commission – NSZZ „S” Member of IFBWW Member of IFBWW Negotiations - EFBWW Negotiations - EFBWW

9 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries ZZ „Budowlani” Was founded on February 1991 Was founded on February 1991 Sections: Sections: –General Building and Speciality Building, –Building Materials, –Housing Co-operative Movement, –Building products, –Forestry and Environmental Protection, –Woodworking, –Furniture and panel Manufacturing Industries Total numnber of the members – 15 000 Total numnber of the members – 15 000 Takes part in forming agreements on the sector level – cooperates with other trade unions Takes part in forming agreements on the sector level – cooperates with other trade unions Tripartite Commission - OPZZ Tripartite Commission - OPZZ Member of IFBWW Member of IFBWW Member EFBWW Member EFBWW

10 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Construction Sector 650 000 workers in the construction sector 650 000 workers in the construction sector 250 000 - commission contracts, self employed undeclared and on the black market 250 000 - commission contracts, self employed undeclared and on the black market Not many of these are unionised Not many of these are unionised Low working conditions Low working conditions Most of them work illegally Most of them work illegally Many of them migrate Many of them migrate Employ foreigners Employ foreigners No collective bargaining No collective bargaining

11 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries CONSTRUCTION SECTOR IN POLAND - EMPLOYMENT Employment level (budownictwo wykonawcze): Job contracts = 400 thousand workers Individual contracts Self-employment ---------------------------------- = 650 thousand workers in the construction market Illegal/ undeclared workers (Polish and foreigners) A quota of undeclared workers in the construction market Reaches up to 40% of the market, which gives more than 250.000 workers More than 200 thousand economic subjects active in the construction sector The majority (above 98%) is self-employed persons and small construction companies Bogus self-employment (pozorne samozatrudnienie) 1999 – 2003 recession in the construction industry – many workers were forced to register own small companies; independence of these companies was and still ist Bogus „Bogus self-employment is very difficult to examine”

12 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries MIGRATION OF BUILDING WORKERS TO AND FROM POLAND Workers from behind eastern border (Ukraine – mainly, Belarus, Russia) 150 thousand illegal workers at Polish building market at high season Crossing the border with tourist visa (3 month), not allowing to work Polish trade unions welcome foreign workers to domestic construction market, but the local regulations/ conditions must be respected Migration from Poland Thousand Polish workers went to western EU countries – no statistics A big outflow of skilled building workers/specialists to Western European Countries Main directions: Great Britain (about 70 thousand workers), Ireland, Germany, France, Scandinavia - How to fill the gap? (how to work with workers from behind eastern border?)

13 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Free movements Common position – NSZZ”S” and ZZ „Budowlani”, Common position – NSZZ”S” and ZZ „Budowlani”, –Not against of foreigners –Abolition an transitional period; –Against of opening borders without any control; Wage and social dumping; Wage and social dumping; Lower wages and H&S standards Lower wages and H&S standards Not solve the problem of nonqualified workers; Not solve the problem of nonqualified workers; Rise the black market Rise the black market –Not against of free services but against of „rule country of origin”, –The role of nation social partners should be reaction to black economy of services and labour market

14 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries COLLECTIVE BARGAINING SYSTEM IN THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR IN POLAND There is no sectoral collective agreement for construction Collective agreements are reached on the level of company/ enterprise Reasons no will from employers’ side, low level of employers’ organisation (7% density) low level of TU density (15%) Low support from the state (government) Achivements/ perspectives Common collective agreement (TU organisations, employers) on minimum wage per hour for specified construction works Tripartite committee for construction sector to be established at the level of Tripartite Commission Common collective agreement for the construction sector (to be achieved at the first quarter of 2007) – common Project of Dutch and Polish Governments (Ministry of Labour), co-ordinator Peter Donders

15 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Common collective agreement (TU organisations, employers) on minimum wage per hour for specified construction works Counterparts: Solidarność, Budowlani, Two unions of employers The content: 1. Minimum wage by state (899,10 PLN gross for 2006), 2. 176 working hours per month 3. Specific job allowances Final: minimum wage per hour = 7,67PLN for 2006 The agreement embraces enterprises gathered within the employers’ federation which signed the agreement. The unions: why the government refuses to consider the counting minimum wage by month into minimum wage per hour, maybe the government supports a grey market in Poland? The government refuses to extend the agreement into the sectoral law (at least for public procurements) (zamówienie publiczne)

16 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Common collective agreement for the construction sector (to be achived at the first quarter of 2007) – common Project of Dutch and Polish Governments (Ministry of Labor), co-ordinator Peter Donders The counterparts: Solidarność – Construction and Wood, BUDOWLANI, Solidarność 80 (represented by FORUM), one employers’ federation The problematic questions arisen during negotiations: scope of the biding force of agreement and established registrations (only confederation forms of association). Ministry of Labour is against of creating additional holiday found The Project is still going on Different attitude - globally, not only as a minimum wage problem

17 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Sweedwood – collective agreement Started in 2003 Involve NSZZ „S”, ZZ „B” and 4 Swedish TUs TUs where organized from the first For whole SWEDWOOD group which is negotiate by two coordinate commission – NSZZ „Solidarność” and ZZ „Budowlani” Agreement includes whole 14 institutions in SWEDWOOD group. The negotiation is still going on

18 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Health and Safety in building industry High accident rate – 11,58% High accident rate – 11,58% Last 7 years Last 7 years –fatal 730 workers; –grave 1250 workers Reason: –No respecting of building low mostly by contractors and sub-contractors Established the Safety Work Council in building industry at Major Factory Inspector - consulting and advising body

19 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Number of injured in fatal and grave accident at work in construction industry 1999 – 2004 and I-III quarter 2005 585523481422354318314 fatal grave Average employment in sector (thousands) Źródło: dane GUS

20 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Summary Common position – free movement - NSZZ”S” and ZZ „Budowlani” after joined UE, (Wspolne stanowisko dot. Swbodnego przepływu pracowników po wejsciu Polski do UE) Common position – free movement - NSZZ”S” and ZZ „Budowlani” after joined UE, (Wspolne stanowisko dot. Swbodnego przepływu pracowników po wejsciu Polski do UE) High accident rate High accident rate Challenge for employers - Na skutek migracji zaczyna być odczuwalna przez pracodawcow nowa sytuacja Challenge for employers - Na skutek migracji zaczyna być odczuwalna przez pracodawcow nowa sytuacja Changing situation of employment - Zmienia się sytuacja zatrudnienia – wyjechali Francja, Anglia, pracodawcy podnoszą stawki a nadal jest boom na budownictwo/ boom inwestycyjny, Changing situation of employment - Zmienia się sytuacja zatrudnienia – wyjechali Francja, Anglia, pracodawcy podnoszą stawki a nadal jest boom na budownictwo/ boom inwestycyjny, Migrations – qualified workforce Nikt nie prowadzi statystyk ale wyjechali fachowcy Migrations – qualified workforce Nikt nie prowadzi statystyk ale wyjechali fachowcy Boom in construction industry Boom in construction industry Investment’s boom in construction industry Investment’s boom in construction industry Trade Union’s Role as a job activizator of employees - Aktyizacja zawodowa pracowników Trade Union’s Role as a job activizator of employees - Aktyizacja zawodowa pracowników Necessity of information system about employees Necessity of information system about employees Necessity to recognise qualification in construction sector abroad Necessity to recognise qualification in construction sector abroad Requirement of labour activization of employees– special programs supported by UE Requirement of labour activization of employees– special programs supported by UE

21 ILO/EFBWW Project for Social Dialogue Development at new EU countries Thank You Anna Maria Kiełczyńska Anna Maria Kiełczyńska Zarząd Regionu Gdańskiego NSZZ „Solidarność” ul.Wały Piastowskie 24 80-855 Gdańsk, Poland a.kielczynska@solidarnosc.gda.pl


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