Presentation on theme: "Människohandel och sexuell exploatering Serbian NGO experiance 23–24 mars 2015 Nationell konferens på Clarion Hotel Stockholm 1.Prevention and Education."— Presentation transcript:
Människohandel och sexuell exploatering Serbian NGO experiance 23–24 mars 2015 Nationell konferens på Clarion Hotel Stockholm 1.Prevention and Education 2.SOS Hotline and Direct Victim Assistance 3. Networking 4.Research and Reporting
ASTRA-Anti trafficking action 1. Prevention and Education 2. SOS Hotline and Direct Victim Assistance 3. Networking 4. Research and Reporting
Chronology and social context 90s – Milosevic, wars, sanctions etc. 2000 – First democratic elections 2003 – Assassination of prime minister Đinđić, state of emergency, article 111b 2004 – West wing parties government 2006 – New law on THB, new law on NGOs 2012 – Serbia candidate coutnry for EU
Results National anti trafficking team National anti trafficking coordinator First AT strategy and NPA Police AT units Center for victims Specialisation of prosecutors
Legal THB framework in the Republic of Serbia UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and Protocol to Prevent, Supers and Punish Trafficking in Humane Beings, Especially Women and Children (2000) Council of Europe’s Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2005) UN Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child prostitution and Child Pornography (2002) Articles 388, 389 and 350 of the Criminal Code of RS Special Protocol on acting of the judicial bodies in protection of victims of human trafficking - Ministry of Justice of RS (2012).
■ March 2002 – December 2014 - 22897 calls from 3874 clients ■ Identified trafficked persons - 460 ■ Identified trafficked children - 164 Trafficked Persons in Serbia
Increased No. of Serbian citizens (72.16%), Internal THB (49.58%). Mostly women (85%) and children (36%, avr.13 years old) From urban settlements (56%) With less than secondary school (63%) and With previous experience of violence (51%) Trafficked for the purpose sexual exploitation (67.03%) Increased number of labour exploitation cases Other forms of exploitation registered here are labor exploitation, forced marriage, committing criminal acts and forced begging. Victims are mostly recruited through job adds and by their parents and relatives (20%), lover boys (25%), friends (10%) and acquaintances (35%) and employers (10%). Recruitment through the use of modern technologies (Internet and SMS) New destinations (ex. Soviet Union, Midle Eeast etc.) Victims are transferred from public bars and clubs to private apartments and members-only clubs, thus becoming less visible No severe physical violence but psychological Trends
Challenges No new strategy No new NPA No emergency shelter and programs for victims (children as well). Mechanisms, Procedures and minimum of standards for identification and referral of victims’ Identification of potential victims of THB – grey areas of THB No compensation for victims No state budget for AT activities No mechanism and programs for victims of labour exploitation No cases before the court for organized crime
Rights Monitored Protection of privacy of victims (article 6 Palermo Protocol and Article 11 CoE THB) Assistance to victims – counselling and information (article 6 Palermo Protocol and Article 12 and 15 CoE THB) Security and protection of victims (article 6 Palermo Protocol and Article 12 and 15 CoE THB) Compensation of damages (article 6 Palermo Protocol and Article 11 CoE THB)
General information on trial monitoring and verdicts analyzed November 2013 - October 2014 A total of 19 court procedures (18 criminal and 1 civil for compensation) The researchers attended 40 trials in all 32 court judgements in criminal proceedings Total of 42 defendants and 39 injured persons The maximum duration of a court process was 3.5 years, the average being 1 year.
Balkans Act Now-BAN with support of the European Commission through IPA CSF Framework Partnership Agreement Partners and associates Bosnia Croatia Macedonia Montenegro Serbia France The Netherlands Results Compensation for victims Monitoring tool Mobil application
COMPENSATION Working group (Judges, prosecutors, lawyers, academics, NGOs) Obligatory Compensation in criminal procedure Law on Compensation fund (Ministry of Justice)
Monitoring tool Situation in global AT community - Assessments and estimations are based on different methodologies Monitoring Tool relies on obligations placed on signatory governments in contemporary international instruments in this area The idea is to create comprehensive and detailed indicators (200) that would enable monitoring – occasional or continuous – of national anti-trafficking policies, with emphasis on the policies aimed at the protection of victims. It can be applied both in the countries of origin and countries of destination CSO partners are enabled to conduct high quality monitoring of justice sector, legislative and executive branches of government Pilot monitoring related to the topic of compensation to the victims of trafficking was preformed in 4 countries
BAN Mobil application Informative and educative Target group 16 to 24 Focus on prevention and victims rights Android and iOS platforms Free application on Google Play store and iOS APP Store QR code multi-lingual (8)
Six characters Sarah – Lower boy Kate – Job advertisement (domestic servitude) Anna – Internal trafficking (sexual exploitation) Cody – Worker (labor exploitation) Aaron – Forced beggary Max – Forced criminality http://banhumantrafficking.com/en/play-the-game