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Yabancı Dil I Bölüm - 2.  Plural Rules Yabancı Dil - I.

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Presentation on theme: "Yabancı Dil I Bölüm - 2.  Plural Rules Yabancı Dil - I."— Presentation transcript:

1 Yabancı Dil I Bölüm - 2

2  Plural Rules Yabancı Dil - I

3 Plural Rule 1  Most words add ‘s’ to make the plural. one apple two apples desk → desksmonth → months book → bookstrain → trains pen → pensname → names shop → shopsfriend → friends chair → chairsteacher → teachers Yabancı Dil - I

4 Try these…  pencil →  door →  cake →  banana →  shoe →  window →  road →  flower →  girl →  plant → Yabancı Dil - I

5 Plural Rule 2 Add ‘es’ to words ending in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘x’ or ‘z’ to make the plural.  one boxmany boxes  wish → wishesbeach → beaches  cross → crossesbrush → brushes  bus → buseschurch → churches  dish → dishesglass → glasses  box → boxeswatch → watches Yabancı Dil - I

6 Try these…  watch →  pitch →  wax →  class →  gas →  glass →  dress →  bush →  hutch →  quiz → quizzes Yabancı Dil - I

7 Plural Rule 3  When the letter before a ‘y’ is a consonant, change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ before adding an ‘es’.  one babytwo babies  city → citiesberry → berries  pony → poniesfamily → families  reply → replies lady → ladies Yabancı Dil - I

8 Try these…  daisy →  ferry →  army →  party →  fly →  diary →  cherry →  belly →  jelly →  filly → Yabancı Dil - I

9 Plural Rule 4  When words end in ‘ay’, ‘ey’, ‘iy’, ’oy’, and ‘uy’ add an ‘s’ to make the plural  one donkey two donkeys  day → days boy → boys  key → keys delay → delays  play → plays guy → guys Yabancı Dil - I

10 Try these  quay →  valley →  tray →  pulley →  toy →  monkey →  trolley →  buoy →  relay →  holiday → Yabancı Dil - I

11 Plural Rule 5  When words end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change the ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to a ‘ves’.  one knife two knives  leaf → leaveslife → lives  half → halvesloaf → loaves  wife → wivesthief → thieves Yabancı Dil - I

12 Try these  wolf →  elf →  loaf →  self →  calf →  shelf →  Exceptions → cliffs, chiefs, roofs, dwarfs and handkerchiefs. Yabancı Dil - I

13 Plural Rule 6 When a word ends in an ‘o’ and comes after a consonant, add ‘es’ to make the plural.  one tomato two tomatoes  cargo → cargoes mango → mangoes  echo → echoeshero → heroes  volcano → volcanoes torpedo → torpedoes Yabancı Dil - I

14 Try these  potato →  avocado →  mosquito →  domino →  buffalo →  dingo →  Exceptions → pianos, banjos, solos, radios and Eskimos. Yabancı Dil - I

15 Plural Rules 7 Irregulars  one child two children  person → people goose → geese  man → men woman → women  tooth- teeth foot-feet  mouse-mice Yabancı Dil - I

16 Plural Rule 8  Sometimes a word may stay the same in both its singular and plural form.  one fish many fish  tuna → tuna  deer → deer  sheep → sheep  series → series Yabancı Dil - I

17 Plural Rule 9 Uncountable Nouns  Air  Chocolate  Hair  Cheese  Blood  Butter  Jam  salt/sugar  Electricity  Bread  water/tea/coffee  Gold  Ice  Meat  Oil  oxygen Yabancı Dil - I

18 Exercises  Singular  tree  mouse  smile  factory  half  postman  toy  table  boy  kiss  Plural Yabancı Dil - I

19 This-that-these-those  this (bu), that (şu), these (bunlar), those (şunlar)  This (singular-tekil) and these (plural-çoğul) nesne veya insanın konuşmacıya yakın olduğunu bildirir.  That (singular-tekil) and those (plural-çoğul) nesne veya insanın konuşmacıya uzak olduğunu bildirir. Yabancı Dil - I

20 This-that-these-those Examples  This car is very expensive.  This is my umbrella.  This is my friend, John.  What is this?  These houses are very old.  These are tables.  What are these Yabancı Dil - I

21 This-that-these-those Examples  That woman is very beautiful.  That is my car.  What is that?  Those students are very hardworking.  Those are my books.  What are those? Yabancı Dil - I

22 Exercises Yabancı Dil - I

23 Exercises Circle the correct words  This/These band is fantastic.  That/Those singers are awful.  This/These jeans are new.  That/Those CD isn’t very expensive.  This/These album is my father’s.  Don’t open that/those window, please.  Listen to this/these song. Yabancı Dil - I

24 Exercises Yabancı Dil - I

25 References  Puchta, H. &Stranks, J.(2012). Mind your English. Cambridge University Press.  Yabancı Dil - I


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