Presentation on theme: "Gli aggettivi. Position of adjectives The adjectives can be used before or after the noun.C'era un grande lago. – There was a big lake. C'era un lago."— Presentation transcript:
Position of adjectives The adjectives can be used before or after the noun.C'era un grande lago. – There was a big lake. C'era un lago grande. – There was a big lake.
The position gives a different tone to a sentence, according to these rules: The adjective before the noun has less power than the one after. – Luisa è una bella ragazza. Luisa is a beautiful girl. This is less powerful than – Luisa è una ragazza bella. (The meaning is more like "Luisa is REALLY beautiful.")
Sometimes the adjective before the noun has a descriptive function, while after it has a distinctive functionLuigi è venuto con la sua bella figlia. – Luigi has come with his beautiful daughter. Luigi è venuto con la figlia bella. – Luigi has come with his daughter, the beautiful one.
In some cases, the different position can influence the meaning of the sentence.Il nostro vicino è un uomo povero. – Our neighbor is a poor man. Il nostro vicino è un pover'uomo. – Our neighbor is a worthless man.
There are adjectives which are used just after the noun. They indicate: nationality (italiano, tedesco, americano, etc.) membership (democratico, socialista, comunista, etc.) location or position (destro, sinistro, etc.) physical characteristics (cieco, gobbo, etc.)
Regular IRE verbs There are three main categories of Italian Verbs known as 1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugation. Here is the most obvious, initial difference; 1st Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ARE in the infinitive form. 2nd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ERE in the infinitive form. 3rd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters IRE in the infinitive form. (These ending are “Infinitive endings”)
Subject Pronoun Ending Io o Tu i Lui/Lei e Noi iamo Voi ite Loro ono
To conjugate = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example; Servire (To Serve) - ire = Serv + iamo (ending for we) = Serviamo (We serve) Servire conjugated in the present tense Io Tu Lui/Lei Noi Voi Loro Servo Servi Serve Serviamo Servite Servono serve You serve He/She/It serves We serve Y'all serve They serve
There is one exception with the 3rd conjugation on how it is handled in the present tense for some regular verbs. That is, there are some verbs that you have to insert the letters "ISC" after the infinitive root and before the present indicative ending for Io, Tu, Lui/Lei and Loro. Therefore, we conjugate these verbs as follows; Example; Capire (To Understand) - ire = Cap + isc = capisc + ono (ending for they) = Capiscono (They understand) Capire conjugated in the present tense Io Tu Lui/Lei Noi Voi LoroCapisco Capisci Capisce Capiamo Capite Capiscono I understand You understand He/She/It understands We understand Y'all understand They understand