Presentation on theme: "Migration - Mexico to the USA IB Geography H/L Extension"— Presentation transcript:
1Migration - Mexico to the USA IB Geography H/L Extension Objective: To explain the causes and effects of the flow of labour between Mexico and the USA.
2What is the situation?There is a 2000km border between USA and Mexico.1 million + Mexicans migrate to the USA every year.Illegal migration is a huge problem for USA and MexicoUS Border Patrol guard the border and try to prevent illegal immigrants850,000 were caught in 1995 and were deported
3Push Factors Poor medical facilities - 1800 per doctor Low paid jobs - (GDP = $13,800)Adult literacy rates 86% - (poorer education prospects although has been improved recently possibly to due high remittance levels)Life expectancy 72 yrs5-25% Unemployed25% - Underemployed
4Pull Factors Excellent medical facilities - 400 per doctor Well paid jobs - GDP = $47,400)Adult literacy rates 99% - good education prospectsLife expectancy 78 yrsMany jobs available for low paid workers such as Mexicans
5What are the impacts on the USA Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisonsMexicans are seen as a drain on the USA economyMigrant workers keep wages low which affects AmericansThey cause problems in cities due cultural and racial issuesMexican migrants benefit the US economy by working for low wagesMexican culture has enriched the US border states with food, language and musicThe incidents of TB has been increasing greatly due to the increased migration
6What are the impacts on Mexico? The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active peopleMany men emigrate leaving a majority of women who have trouble finding marriage partnersYoung people tend to migrate leaving the old and the very youngLegal and illegal immigrants together send some $6 billion a year back to MexicoCertain villages such as Santa Ines have lost 2/3 of its inhabitantsThanks to
7Resources for your case study. Mapping migrationWhy migrate?25 page case study