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Early Intervention: changing the late intervention culture ADAMS ROOM.

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1 Early Intervention: changing the late intervention culture ADAMS ROOM

2 Graham Allen MP Chair of the Early Intervention Foundation Early Intervention: changing the late intervention culture

3 Graham Allen MP Originator of Nottingham as ‘Early Intervention City.’ Co-author with Iain Duncan Smith MP of ‘Early Intervention: Good Parents, Great Kids, Better Citizens.’ Author of independent reports to HMG ‘Early Intervention: The Next Steps’ and ‘Early Intervention: Smart Investment, Massive Savings.’ Founder and Chair of the Early Intervention Foundation Early Intervention: changing the late intervention culture

4 The Intergenerational Cycle Sharon with baby Tracey, 1987 Tracey with Kate, 2003 2020?

5 Bedrock The aim of Early Intervention is to build social and emotional bedrock in every baby, child and young person.

6 Develop Social (not anti-social) Behaviour Empathy the single greatest inhibitor of propensity to violence Established early by observation of parental reaction Attunement: parent and child emotionally in tune with each other Babies show empathy by one year old. Not all develop this “All rapport, the root of caring, stems from the capacity for empathy” Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence

7 Stimulus e.g. Parent’s Speech and Child’s vocabulary By 3 years of age children have heard in: - poorer families: 200,000 discouragements / 75,000 encouragements - professional families: 80,000 discouragements / 500,000 encouragements (Hart B, Risley T. Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of of young american children. Baltimore:Paul H Brookes Publishing: 1995) Over half of nursery-aged children living in areas of disadvantage have language delay (Lock A, Ginsborg J, Peers I, (2002) development and Disadvantage: Implications for early years. International journal of Child Learning and development 27(1) (Hart B, Risley T. Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of of young american children. Baltimore: Paul H Brookes Publishing: 1995))

8 Inequality in Early Cognitive Development of British Children in the 1970 Cohort, 22 months to 10 years

9 Gang Boss or Brain Surgeon? “The best time to influence the character of a child is 100 years before they are born.” W.R. Inge

10 Policy Crossroads Bruce Perry – Director of the Child Trauma Institute in Houston

11 Nottingham Early Intervention City – The Virtuous Circle

12 Good Parents, Great Kids, Better Citizens

13 1 st Report to HMG

14 2 nd Report to HMG

15 Recent Developments in Neuroscience…

16 Bedrock The aim of Early Intervention is to build social and emotional bedrock in every baby, child and young person.

17 The Way Forward – All Parties ‘Early Intervention to reduce the risks of passing disadvantage from generation to generation is a long-term project. It requires not just “patient capital” but patient politics – including the commitment of all parties to realise the vision of an approach where we consistently help early enough in life to prevent problems in the first place.’ Rt Hon Ed Miliband MP ‘.... convincingly argues the economic, fiscal and moral case for switching public spending from dealing with the causes of social failure towards investing in programmes that prevent that failure in the first place, and provides some practical steps to help government make this transition.’ Rt Hon David Cameron MP ‘A call for action – the action needed to ensure that every child in Britain can realise their full potential.’ Rt Hon Nick Clegg MP

18 Early Intervention Foundation

19 The Early Intervention Foundation Key Roles: Assess, Advise and Advocate 1. Assess and validate evidence-based programmes and practises in the early intervention field, to establish a rigorous, independent evidence base for the UK.Be the go-to “What Works”centre for EI 2. Provide high quality advice and guidance to councils, private capital, philanthropy and third sector to take Early Intervention to scale across England. Start with 20 Early Intervention Places. 3. A strong voice to advocate early intervention,change the Late Intervention culture,speak up for the localities at the highest levels. Phase 2 – Use strong evidence and good practise to help evolve a new market of social investment

20 The EIF Trustees Prof Sir Michael Marmot - Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at UCL Duncan Selbie - Chief Executive Designate of Public Health England Honor Rhodes OBE - Director of Projects and Strategic Development at The Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships Ray Shostak CBE - Former head of the Prime Minister’s Delivery Unit in No.10 Jean Gross CBE - Former Communication Champion for HM Government on children. Mark Florman - Special advisor finance – former CEO of The British Private Equity and Venture Capital Association Irene Curtis – Special advisor policy - Chief Superintendent, President Elect of Politics Superintendents'’ Association Martyn Jones - Group Corporate Services Director of Morrison Supermarkets Plc Cllr David Simmonds - Chairman of the LGA's Children and Young People Board Anne Longfield –Chief Executive 4 Children. Christine Davies CBE – Former Director, C4EO

21 The EIF Organisation The EIF became an independent charity on July 4 th 2013. It employs 12 staff and has an annual running costs of £1.1 million. The staff team includes the Chief Executive Carey Oppenheim, the Director of Implementation Donna Molloy, the Director of Evidence Professor Leon Feinstein, early intervention advisers, and evidence analysts. Start-up funding is in place for the first two years, during which we are already building a £20million endowment to meet most of the EIF running costs in perpetuity.

22 The EIF Evidence Panel Professor Kathy Sylva (University of Oxford) Professor David Farrington (University of Cambridge) Professor Leon Feinstein (London School of Economics) Professor Stephen Scott (Kings College, London) Professor Gordon Harold (University of Leicester) Professor Anne Phoenix (Thomas Coram Research Unit) Professor Bren Neale (University of Leeds) Helen Goody, Head of Evidence (C4EO)

23 Early Intervention Foundation Consortium The Foundation is supported and backed by a powerful consortium of more than 40 organisations including national children’s charities, think tanks, research institutions, philanthropic institutions, private businesses and banks. Having established the EIF, this group now constitutes its Advisory Council.

24 Next steps for Early Intervention enquiries@eif.org.uk www.earlyinterventionfoundation.org.uk 020 3542 2481

25 Early Intervention: changing the late intervention culture


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