2AP Human Geography 9/29/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine population pyramids. APHugII-B.3Language objective: Write about population pyramids.I. Journal#13pt.A-Watch the following-Hans Rosling: The good news of the decade?II. Journal#13pt.B-notes on population growthHomework: Read p.62-68NOTICE: Chapter#2 Test Monday October 6th
3Population Pyramids –Charts that show the percentages of each age group in the total population, divided by gender.For poorer countries, the chart is shaped like a pyramid. Infant mortality rates are high, life expectancy is shorter.
4Population Pyramids-display a country’s population in a bar graph form. Each 5 year group with the youngest 0-4 years old at the base of the pyramid are called cohorts.Males are shown on the left side and females are shown on the right.A wide-based pyramid indicates a country in Stage 2 of the Demographic transition.
5Population PyramidsCharts that show the percentages of each age group in the total population, divided by gender.For wealthier countries, the chart is shaped like a lopsided vase. Population is aging, TFRs are declining.
7Four Patterns of Population Structure Kenya will face many employment problems when the bottom cohort is old enough to work.Austria’s negative growth means a future with fewer workers to support social services.Russia’s 1992 pyramid shows the sharp decline in births during WW II as the “pinching” of cohort. Also note the large deficits of men above 65 due to the heavy male mortality during the World WarsFour Patterns of Population StructureEach nation faces different problems due to a large base with many young or negative growth.
151995 Population Pyramids reflect the economic prosperity of Western Europe and the less developed countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. In the mid-1990s almost 50% of Africa’s population was under 15 years of age.By contrast the number of people 65 and older in Western Europe is 5 times that of sub-Saharan Africa.
16Age Structure of a Population The populations of many countries are aging.- eg. Europe- eg. JapanBordeaux, France
18Homework Tonight Read p.62-68 Continue work on Ch#2 Guided Readings. Begin Ch#2 Review
19AP Human Geography 9/30/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine population policies. APHugII-B.2,3&5Language objective: Write about population.I. Journal#14 pt.A-Watch the following:-Frontline: Opium BridesII. Quiz#7III. Journal#14 pt.B-notes on population policiesHomework: Read p.69-74NOTICE: Chapter#2 Test Monday October 6th!
21Population PoliciesUnder Mao, China refused to cooperate in pop. Control-viewed it as a “capitalist plot”Soviets in 1970s promoted population growth due to the loss of 26 million in WWII, Stalin exterminated another 30 million farmers, political opponents, etc.-gave awards for women with 10 or more kids.US Reagan, a conservative, refused to support family planningIf the population of China walked past you, 8 abreast, the line would never end because of the rate of reproduction.
22Population PoliciesExpansive Policies or Pro-Natalist policies encourage large families e.g. Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Soviet Union & Ceausescu’s Romania & Mao’s China.Eugenic Population Policy-Nazi Germany favored “Aryans” over mentally ill or other undesirables.The Nazis tried to breed the super race of Nordic or Aryan types.Eugenics-science devoted to improving the human race through heredity=control who mates with who.An SS banner flies over a lebensborn where babies born of good German girls and SS officers were cared for.
23Population PoliciesRestrictive or Anti-Natalist Policies discourage births.Policies vary- e.g. despite Vatican policies, most Catholic Italians practice artificial birth control-Philippines (only Asian Catholic country) a different case-govt. restricts birth control.Some countries have learned that industrialization & urbanization do as much as government policy in controlling births.
24Geography of Demography Mao Zedong encouraged population growth-after his death Deng Xiaoping called for control.1979 launched the One Child Policy with goal of stabilizing at 1.2 billion by end of 20th cent.1970s growth rate 2.4%1985 growth rate 1.1%After 1982 more serious enforcement-mandatory contraception after 1st child.If a 2nd child was born-parents were sterilized.
25China’s One Child Policy What are some of the limitations, unintended consequences, and contradictions found in government policies toward population growth?
26China’s aggressive policy enforcement of the One couple, one child” is displayed on this billboard. Violators are subject to heavy fines, loss of job, loss of access to better housing and other penalties.
27Geography of Demography Recognized minorities (3%) of pop. were exemptMany rural Chinese defied rule, hid pregnant women, failed to register births, prevented inspectors from visiting rural villages.Government took drastic action:Violators were firedLand was confiscatedLost all benefitsPregnant women were arrested & forced to have abortionsHarbin Hospital nurse checks newborns.In some areas a second or third child resulted in 10% reduction in income until kid is 14 yrs old.
28Geography of Demography First 6 years 70 million abortions1980s about 20 million sterilizations a year-3X as many women as men.Party Members were birth control police-got cash and promotion for enforcing the laws.1984 One Child Policy was relaxed in the countryside-a couple with a daughter-2nd child after 4 years.
29Geography of Demography Corruption a major problem-permitted to evade rule-bribe.Fertility rates are rising as the rules are relaxed.One Child Policy was practical-but rural tradition opposed the rule.Drive for Zero Population Growth eroded the traditions of Chinese society.Female infanticide a common occurrence.Bottom Chinese woman recently released from jail for having 2nd child
30Homework Tonight Read p.69-74 Complete work on Ch#2 Guided Readings. Continue work on Ch#2 Review
31AP Human Geography 10/1/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Continue examination of population policies. APHugII-B.5Language Objective: Write about population policy.I. Journal#15 pt.A-Read the following:-What's Driving the Decline in U.S. Population growth?II. Journal#15 pt.B-notes on population policiesHomework: Complete Ch#2 ReviewNOTICE: Chapter#2 Test Monday!
33Geography of Demography China’s One-Child Policy created a generation of 90 million119 boys for every 100 girls30 million unmarried men by 202045% of Chinese women said they don’t intend to wed.3/10 families have grandparents living with themBiggest demographic revolution in history-Number of Elderly is rising-by 2050 about 30% of the population will be over 60-no pensions or social security.
34Fun FactsBeijing also enforces a 1 dog per family rule-must be less than 14 inches tall.China’s only children will have to support two parents and perhaps 4 grandparents.
35Germany’s population profile is that of a wealthy core country that has passed through the post war baby boom and has a low birthrate. Note the impact of the losses of World War I and World War II.Population ofGermany, 1989
36Attendants or “pushers” on the Japan Train system. Despite having a declining population, Japan has a very high population density.
37Japan has a problem of an aging population & low birth rates. Japanese govt. bars immigration of foreign workers-solution automation-but it won’t solve the problem of an aging population.Singapore imposed a campaign of sterilization & abortion to curb growth-it worked.Singapore skyline and harbor
3885 years and older is the fastest growing group in the US Population 2005 the “old old” topped 5 millionBy 2050 it is expected to be 20 millionMidwest has a high percentage since the young leave for jobs elsewhere.Boston and San Francisco have gone grayer as seniors age in place.
39Low Growth in DenmarkSince the 1970s, with little population growth since then. Its population pyramid shows increasing numbers of elderly and few children.
41Top 10 Leading Causes of Death in America - 2007 (2010) 1.) Heart Disease 616,067 (25.4%)2.) Cancer 562,875 (23.2%)3.) Stroke 135,952 (5.6%)4.) Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases (Lung Diseases) 127,924 (5.3%)5.) Accidents 123,706 (5.1%)6.) Alzheimer's Disease 74,632 (3.1%)7.) Diabetes 71,382 (2.9%)8.) Influenza and Pneumonia 52,717 (2.2%)9.) Kidney Disease 46,448 (1.9 percent)10.) Septicemia (infection of the blood) 34,828 (1.4 percent)
42Population Pyramid of US Baby Boomers, 1960-2040 Pyramids can be based on current, past or future projections.Note the progression of the baby boomer cohorts as they age.Note that the pyramid becomes a column by the year 2040 as birth rates remain below death rates for each cohort.Note also the significant number of women compared to men in the oldest age groupsPopulation Pyramid of US Baby Boomers,Pyramids can be based on current, past or future projections.Note the progression of the baby boomer cohorts as they age.Note that the pyramid becomes a column by the year 2040 as birth rates remain below death rates for each cohort.Note also the significant number of women compared to men in the oldest age groups
43Homework Tonight Complete Ch#2 Review. Study for Ch#2 Test on Monday October 6th
44AP Human Geography 10/2/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Complete examination of population policies. APHugII-A.3&4 C.1.Language Objective: Write about population.I. Watch the following:-Hans Rosling Brings Life, Humor, Sword-Swallowing to Global Health StatisticsII. FRQ Day#3-2013#2-2010#3Homework: Study for the Ch#2 TestNOTICE: Chapter#2 Test Monday!
45Homework Tonight Complete Ch#2 Review. Study for Ch#2 Test on Monday October 6th
46AP Human Geography 10/3/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Review concepts in the second half of Chapter#2. APHugII-A,B,&C.Language Objective: Write about Pakistan.I. Administrative Stuff-Attendance.II. Quiz#8III. Film: Frontline-Outlawed in PakistanNOTICE: Chapter#2 Test Monday October 6th!
47Homework TonightStudy for Ch#2 Test on Monday October 6th