Presentation on theme: "Malthus & Boserup There is evidence to suggest that the ideas of Malthus and Boserup may be appropriate at different scales. On a global level the growing."— Presentation transcript:
1Malthus & BoserupThere is evidence to suggest that the ideas of Malthus and Boserup may be appropriate at different scales.On a global level the growing suffering and famine in some LDCs may reinforce Malthusian ideas.On a national scale some governments have been motivated by increasing populations to develop their resources to meet growing demands.
2Case Study Example Mauritius Red for blood shed during independence Yellow new light of independencefour equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green; red represents the blood shed for independence, blue the Indian Ocean surrounding the island, yellow has been interpreted as the new light of independence, golden sunshine, or the bright future, and green can symbolize either agriculture or the lush vegetation of the islandBlue for Indian Ocean surrounding the islandGreen for agriculture/ lush vegetation
3Location MapIsland in the Indian Ocean, east of MadagascarMauritius
4Map of Mauritius N Built up area 42% of the population lives in urban areasN
5Mauritius: Population Change 1992: 1,094,0002025: 1,365,000Growth Rate: 1.45%Pop doubling time:47 yearsFertility Rate:2.17 children
7The Issues?1.What can we say about the rate of population growth in Mauritius?2. How does the graph opposite contribute to our understanding of population growth in Mauritius?
8Crisis? What Crisis? Consider the graph again. To what extent do you agree with thisstatement:In the1950’s MauritiusWas experiencing a‘Malthusian crisis’
9Possible Answer!Birth rate had risen sharply from 35 to 45+ per thousandDeath Rate had declined sharply from 30 to 15 per thousandRate of natural increase suddenly very steepPRESSURE ON THE ECONOMY/NATURAL RESOURCES/AGRICULTURE
10Population Resources Equation Population increasingDiminishing resources (more mouths to feed and more people to support)POPULATIONRESOURCES
11Malthus - doom & gloom? OR Boserup - ‘technological’ change What happened next?Malthus - doom & gloom?ORBoserup - ‘technological’ change
12Government Intervention The Government organized a familyplanning program, aiming to:improve the status of womenrestrict early marriageprovide better health careset up a family planning serviceMauritius family planning organization instituted 1957Fertility rates declined from 5.86 in 1962 to 1.94 in 1986 and to 1.2 in 1996
13Other influencing factors 1 Changes in attitude to family sizeimproved educational opportunities for womenimproved female work opportunities (by % of women were in paid employment (22% in 1975))getting married later on in life
14Other influencing factors 2 Diversification of agriculture (2 crops and “de-rocking”)Investment in industryImproved trading links - as an ex colony it is quite ‘westernized’ and has a democratic, stable Government - this has helped forge links with the USAMany TNC’s are drawn to Mauritius - Why might this be? Suggest some reasons!!!Trans national corporations
15Mauritius - TNC Attractor! Holds ‘Export Processing Zone’ (EPZ) statusTax incentives availableHas large numbers of well educated residentsGood level of investment in transportGood supply of cheap laborThe creation of a Freeport at Port LouisA free trade zone (FTZ) or export processing zone (EPZ) is an area of a country where some normal trade barriers such as tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in hopes of attracting new business and foreign investments.Type of free trade zone (FTZ), set up generally in developing countries by their governments to promote industrial and commercial exports. In addition to providing the benefits of a FTZ, these zones offer other incentives such as exemptions from certain taxes and business regulations. Also called development economic zone or special economic zone.
17Questions to Consider… 1. Compare the experiences of Mauritius with the theories of Malthus and Boserup.2. To which theory is Mauritius closer?3. ‘A poor country’s fragile economy cannot keep up with population growth, so people will just get poorer and poorer’. Use evidence from Mauritius to comment on this view, stating whether or not you agree with it.