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Beginning the world as we know it..  Cracking – 213-220  Fast Track – 286-291, 303-304  Text – 599-618  Bonus- How did war invent the pencil? Text.

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Presentation on theme: "Beginning the world as we know it..  Cracking – 213-220  Fast Track – 286-291, 303-304  Text – 599-618  Bonus- How did war invent the pencil? Text."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beginning the world as we know it.

2  Cracking –  Fast Track – ,  Text –  Bonus- How did war invent the pencil? Text page 576

3  Before the IR, there were 3 sources of power:  Muscle, wind, water  Each had + and - :  Muscle: works anywhere, but expensive and tires easily  Wind: free, but undependable  Water: constant output, but must be on a river  “If only we could combine the advantages and minimize the costs, think of how much work we could get done…”

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5  The first artificially powered engine  Could run 24hr/d  Useable anywhere  Needed a constant supply of fuel (usually coal)  Credited to James Watt, 1775  First used in mining, then textiles, transportation  Kicks off the Industrial Revolution  Biggest change for humans since the Agricultural Rev

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9 18001 ton of coal50, 000 miners tons200, 000 miners million tons500, 000 miners million tons1, 200, 000 miners Coal Mining in Britain:

10  Social  People moving country to city, farm to factory  Rich richer, poor poorer  Expanded middle class  Economic  Production moves from small shops to factories  More products at lower prices  Environmental  Increased mining, deforestation, air pollution (new)  Technological  Automated machines, rapid transportation and communication

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12 Factory Production ) Concentrates production in one place [materials, labor]. ) Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets]. ) Owning requires a lot of capital investment [factory, machines, etc]

13 Textile Factory Workers in England looms 150, 000 workers , 000 looms 200, 000 workers , 000 looms>1 million workers

14 The Factory System × Rigid schedule, hour day. × Dangerous conditions. × Mind-numbing monotony.

15 Textile Factory Workers in England

16 Industrialization By 1850

17 The Impact of the Railroad

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19 World Manufacturing Output:


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