Presentation on theme: "Thursday, 5/3 On separate piece of paper write the main idea and significance Objective: To review the impact of critical books, pamphlets, and documents."— Presentation transcript:
Thursday, 5/3 On separate piece of paper write the main idea and significance Objective: To review the impact of critical books, pamphlets, and documents in the evolution of American society Wednesday,5/9-We will be meeting up in N211
Women Change in Society Harriet Beecher Stowe Lowell girls Seneca Falls 1848 Elizabeth C Stanton Susan B. Anthony Grimke Sisters Catherine Beecher Margaret Fuller Dorothea Dix Women get involved in temperance and anti slavery Married Women’s Property Rights Act
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), a best seller, serves as an indictment of the evils of slavery and the laws that supported it. Lincoln once referred to Stowe as “the lady who started this great war” and termed the novel the most powerful argument offered for the Emancipation Proclamation.
Declaration of Independence The DOI, written largely by Thomas Jefferson, announce the colonies’ separation from Britain and justified independence on the grounds of British violations of the colonists’ natural rights. The statement that “all men are created equal” has served since 1776 as a standard by which to judge America’s progress toward the ideal of equality.
The Influence of Sea Power Mahan’s study of sea power, especially that of England, convinced him that a country’s strength on the sea largely determined its prosperity and position in the world. The book prompted many countries, including the United States, Germany, and Japan, to begin naval expansion in the pre-World War I Year.
Common Sense Paine’s influential pamphlet, “Common Sense,” attacked monarchy and inherited privilege. In a brilliant statement of the colonists’ cause, he demanded complete independence from England and establishment of a strong federal union. Both influential leaders and thousands of ordinary colonists became converted to the cause.
The Jungle The novel, the Jungle, exposed the evils of early twentieth-century Chicago meatpacking plants and led to the 1906 Meat Inspection Act, one of the first pieces of Progressive legislation to regulate industries.
The Report on Manufactures Hamilton’s report to Congress argued persuasively the advantages of a diversified economy with both industry and agriculture to insure the country’s economic as well as political independence. He called, in particular, for a high protective tariff, a measure finally enacted in 1816.
Turner’s Frontier Thesis Turner’s famous essay, published just after the Census Bureau announced the end of the frontier, outlined how the frontier experience had shaped American development and focused historians’ attention on a previously overlooked factor in explaining America’s past.
The Feminine Mystique The Feminist Mystique argued that the media had convinced American women that they could be completely fulfilled through a life as a wife and mother. The book launched the women’s rights movement and led to the establishment of the National Organization for Women (NOW).
The Liberator The Liberator, which began publication in 1831, became the leading abolitionist newspaper and helped create the climate of public opinion necessary for success in the antislavery movement.
A Century of Dishonor Helen Hunt Jackson’s expose of the government’s treatment of Native Americans detailed a long list of broken promises and treaties with Native Americans and led to the Dawes Act, often called the “Indian Emancipation Act,” giving the president authority to distribute Native American lands among the tribes.
The Federalists Papers The Federalist, a collection of essays, was meant to persuade New York to ratify the Constitution. The essays have since become the classic interpretation of the Constitution.
The Gospel of Wealth Drawing on the philosophy of Social Darwinism, Carnegie argued that unbridled competition had brought order and efficiency to chaos in the business world, but the wealth it created obligated the rich to spend some of their wealth to help their poorer brethren.
On Civil Disobedience Thoreau’s essay, based on his own protest against paying taxes to support the war in Mexico, became an inspiration for others, including Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Grapes of Wrath Steinbeck’s Nobel Prize winning novel chronicled the plight of migrant workers during the Depression. The popular social protest novel suggested the perfectibility of humanity and the possibility of improved working conditions.
The Shame of the Cities Steffens’s muckracking expose of municipal corruption in numerous cities led to a variety of changes in the form of urban government and other municipal reforms during the Progressive Era.
The Other America Harrington’s moving expose of rampant poverty, particularly among the “invisible poor” the elderly, uneducated, and low paid workers- inspired LBJ’s “war on poverty.”
The Atlanta Compromise The Atlanta compromise aimed to cement relations between the black and white races by suggesting that African Americans should work their way up by starting with vocational training and proving their worth before striving for social integration and the right to “spend a dollar at the opera house.” This was popular among many whites.
The Promises of American Life The Promise of American Life outlined a “New Nationalism,” a philosophy on which Theodore Roosevelt based his 1912 campaign for the presidency. According to the philosophy, a strong government would act as “steward of the public welfare” to guarantee the rights of the people
Progress and Poverty George proposed a “single tax” on the unearned increment in land values to break up landholding monopolies and finance a better life for all. Henry George’s faith in the people’s ability to effect change created a climate for reform efforts rather than inaction later, during the Progressive and New Deal periods.
The New Negro Locke’s New Negro focused on black contributions to American culture and civilization. The book made him the “Father of the Harlem Renaissance,” the movement of the 1920s that contributed to African Americans’ sense of self esteem and whites’ recognition of the value of African American culture for both races
The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith’s A Wealth of Nations, published in England the year the colonists declared their independence, launched an assault on the principles of mercantilism. Smith’s contention that enlightened self-interest, competition, and a laissez faire approach of government provided a better basis for an economy suited conditions in America and became the foundation of the new U.S. economy
Looking Backward Bellamy’s Utopian novel predicted how class divisions and relentless competition would give way to a caring, cooperative, classless, socialistic state by the year This manifesto for social and economic reform won many adherents and helped set the state for new philosophies in the Progressive and New Deal eras
Twenty Years at Hull House Twenty Years at Hull House describes Jane Addams’ settlement house experiences in early twentieth century Chicago. Her work provided a model for the kind of services settlement houses everywhere could offer the urban poor.
The Silent Spring Rachel Carson’s book revealed the depletion and pollution of America’s resources, both by government actions and by the use of toxic chemicals and pesticides. The book raised environmental consciousness and inspired the ecology movement.
Principles of Scientific Management Taylor showed factory managers how to use efficient plant organization and time motion studies to lower production costs per unit and increase production per worker.
All the President’s Men Woodward and Bernstein, reporters for the Washington Post newspaper, painstakingly tracked numerous leads to unravel the story of the Watergate cover up. Their book was a major factor in forcing the resignation of President Nixon.
The Souls of Black Folks DuBois predicted that race relations would be the critcal issue of the 20 th century. Unlike booker T. Washington, he advocated an immediate end to segregation and prompt steps to introduce quality education and voting for African Americans. His impassioned plea for unconditional equality set the agenda for the Civil Rights Movement.
The Pentagon papers Defense analyst Daniel Ellsberg leaked to the NY Times a secret account of American involvement in Vietnam. The papers allowed Americans to read the lies and faulty assumptions that led to the increasing involvement in the war.
Letter from Birmingham Jail MLK’s response to white leaders who criticized his willingness to go to jail rather than obey an unjust segregation law became the classic interpretation of the Civil rights Movement. It prompted President Kennedy to make an important tv address supporting civil rights legislation.
How the Other Half Lives Jacob Riis, a reform minded photojournalist, included grim pictures of NYC tenements along with his accounts of life in the poorer neighborhoods. His work led to the first housing reforms and other education, social welfare, and health care legislation during the Progressive Era.