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SOSC 103D Social Inequality in HK Lecture 24: Educational Inequality.

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Presentation on theme: "SOSC 103D Social Inequality in HK Lecture 24: Educational Inequality."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOSC 103D Social Inequality in HK Lecture 24: Educational Inequality

2 L24: Educational Expansion in HK Stages of education expansion: 1. During the 1970s expansion of the lower level of education 2. During the early 1990s expansion of university education 3. From late 1990s expansion of other tertiary education

3 L24: How does the society benefit from the general improvement in education? Productivity Culture Who benefit from the expansion?! The talented The rich

4 L24: Persistent Inequality Inequality in educational attainment remain stable since the early 20 th century. Hong Kong :

5 L24: Unequal access to education in HK Composition of University Students in 1981 and 2001 (David Post, 2003 p.558)

6 L24: Educational inequality?! Poorer grades  Less likely to get into university The class differences in school performance or examination grades 1. Genetic Effects a. Class differences in IQ b. Lack of endowment for educational success

7 L24: Educational inequality?! (cont ’ ) 2. Income effects a. Direct: buying assistance with education b. Indirect: general living condition Lower income  Less facilities and assistance  Poorer grades and performance  Less likely to get into university

8 L24: Other cultural factors 3. Cultural effects on school performance Use of language (Basil Bernstein)

9 L24: Other cultural factors Importance of acquiring the right culture: Newspaper reading Type of music Leisure activities: museum, galleries, travel Is school grades the only criteria?! Role of cultural capital in HK ’ s educational system: School Admission Cultural advantages

10 L24: Educational Inequality Educational standards reflect the unequal structure Transform the economic advantages to cultural capital Social OriginSocial Destination Education

11 L24: Readings: Ball, Stephen (1986) Education, ch. 4 & 5


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