Presentation on theme: "ENGLISH IMMIGRANTS IN MODERN SPAIN Herbert S. Klein Madrid March 6, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
ENGLISH IMMIGRANTS IN MODERN SPAIN Herbert S. Klein Madrid March 6, 2010
English Traditional Emigrants since 18 th century Spain as Destination only becomes important in late 1990s – 60% come after 2000 (timing equal to all but Moroccans) English represent 4 th largest immigrant community. They grow steadily and as late as 2009 retain their rank among immigrant groups
After 2000 Spain second only to Australia as destination of UK emigrants
Regional Origins quite Diverse No direct correlation between Size of Regional English Population and Emigrant Populations in Spain Many regions do not participate in migration Spanish bound English emigration rate close to UK emigration rates for 1901- 1910
Demographic Structure Unique Oldest of the immigrants Fewest in Working Ages Closest of Immigrant Groups to Spanish resident population in terms of age Normal sex ratios for entire UK group, but UNUSUAL sex ratios for persons over 60
The Classic Retirement Community Thus more home owning, more direct renters, more married with spouses present than any other major immigrant group Primarily came to Spain for Weather and Cheap Housing Unusual residential distribution of English compared to all other Groups Coasts and Islands – few in Madrid or interior provinces.
Age & Income Discrimination among UK Settlements in Spain Yorkshire vs Southeast origins Balearic islands attract richer migrants, and Canaries poorer ones in general Malaga, Castellón, Granada & Madrid more exclusive and Girona is dominated by poorer migrants. Alicante and other communities more mixed.
Under-represented among workers Concentrated in Tourist services and education. Crucial role of British Council in Spain (their best overseas market) Not in agriculture, industry or construction – the traditional immigrant occupations