Presentation on theme: "Final Review. FITT Principle Frequency-how often you do an exercise (number of days per week) Intensity-how hard you are working (measured in heart rate."— Presentation transcript:
FITT Principle Frequency-how often you do an exercise (number of days per week) Intensity-how hard you are working (measured in heart rate or poundage) Time-how long you are exercising Type-what you are doing
Principles of… Specificity-Training a group of muscles appropriately for a particular goal (ex. I want my biceps to get stronger so I do bicep curls not push-ups). Progression-Gradually increasing the work of muscles over time. Overload-Training muscles to perform at higher levels than they are accustomed.
Water Is an essential nutrient You should consume a minimum of 8 glasses of water a day Can help prevent dehydration and kidney stones
How do I know if I am well-hydrated? Urine has a pale yellow color (like straw) Urine has no odor I am not thirsty
Energy Source for aerobic exercise 20 minutes or more of continuous exercise In your heart rate zone burns: Fat
Energy Source for anaerobic exercise 1-3 minutes of all out exercise burns: Sugar
Body composition-percentage of fat compared to muscle
Cardiovascular fitness-The ability of the heart, blood vessels, blood, and respiratory system to supply oxygen to the working muscles
Determining heart rate zone (220-age) * 65% and (220-age) * 85% Exercising between these 2 numbers for ________ minutes will give you a great cardiovascular workout.
Best places to take pulse Carotid artery which is on your neck Radial artery which is on your wrist
Flexibility-The ability to move a joint through its full range of motion
Muscular Endurance-Holding a muscle contraction for a long time
How do I improve my muscular endurance? F = every other day I = light weights/more repetitions (12-20) T = less than 30 second rest between sets T = weight lifting
Muscular Strength-A persons ability to exert force
How do I gain muscular strength? F = every other day I = heavy weights/less repetitions (6-8) T = 1-3 minute rest between sets T = weight lifting
Stress Management-A persons ability to control and manage stress
Skill-related fitness components Agility Balance Coordination Power Reaction time Speed
Skill-related fitness components Agility-The ability to rapidly change directions of the whole body (soccer, tennis, basketball)
Balance-The ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or moving (gymnastics, dancing)
Coordination-The ability to use the senses and body parts in order to perform motor tasks smoothly and accurately (all sports, archery)
Power-The amount of force a muscle can exert (football)
Reaction Time-The ability to respond quickly to stimuli (tennis, soccer, basketball)
Speed-The amount of time it takes the body to perform a specific task (track, soccer, swimming
Concentric contractions Concentric contraction is when the muscle is shortening or contracting. It is the 2 count of a lift. It is also known as flexion.
Eccentric contraction Eccentric contraction is the 4 count of the lift. It is when the muscle is still contracted but lengthening. It is also known as extension. Which arm is doing a eccentric contraction ?
Bicep curls-works the biceps What is the antagonistic muscle to the biceps?