Presentation on theme: "The recycling and recovery of Polyolefins waste in Europe Identiplast, Madrid, 03 October 2011 Sylvain Lhôte, Borealis Group."— Presentation transcript:
The recycling and recovery of Polyolefins waste in Europe Identiplast, Madrid, 03 October 2011 Sylvain Lhôte, Borealis Group
European plastics / polyolefins demand and market segments (2009) European Polyolefins Industry 2 European Plastics Demand by Resin and Market Segments – 2009 (PlasticsEurope PEMRG) 45 MT
The challenges Polyolefins are recyclable materials Some iconic recovery or recycling practices Large volumes available for collection Strong demand for quality recyclates... ____________ Many applications are still seen as non- recyclable......or are barred from “quotas driven” recycling schemes Industry has limited data-based analysis of recycling and recovery in Europe 3
The questions What are the recycling and recovery rates of rigid PO applications at end of life? What factors drive different recovery performances of rigid PO waste? How does PO recovery performance fit in a “zero landfill waste” management vision? 4
5 The study A first comprehensive assessment of rigid PO recovery and recycling in Europe commissioned by PlasticsEurope PO Group to Consultic 5 countries analysed in detail for year 2009 EU 27+2 extrapolation Focus on rigid PE (all types) and PP in 4 market segments: Bottles, Other Rigid Packaging, Automotive (ELV), Appliances (WEEE) France Germany Poland Spain UK Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech R., Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland
The big picture 4.7 MT of rigid PO waste, 57% recovery 6 rigid PP waste
7 Treatment of rigid PO Waste by countries Germany is the country with the highest recycling ratio of rigid PE and PP waste: ~32%. UK seconds with ~29%, due to the high volumes of HDPE- bottle collection and recycling. Poland has the lowest recycling ratio of <10%, as the recycling of plastic packaging is mainly based on PET bottles and PE film. The national pictures Is zero landfill within reach?
8 Treatment of rigid PE Waste by countries UK has the highest recycling ratio: ~48% due to high collection of HDPE milk- bottles from the households. France seconds the UK with a ratio of ~38%. Again Poland has the lowest recycling ratio of rigid PE of <10%. PE waste treatment Recycling and recovery on par
9 Treatment of rigid PP Waste 2009 by countries Germany shows highest recycling ratio of rigid PP: ~33%, a result of the dry bin collection system for packaging waste Automotive (battery cases and bumpers) plays a relevant role in rigid PP- recycling in Germany. All the other countries are below 13 %. PP waste treatment Effective collection unlocks recovery potential
What drives high recovery rates? 10 Treatment of rigid PP-bottle waste and other rigid PP-packaging waste Recycling RecoveryLandfll
11 Some PO fractions are already rather well recycled Up to >70% for PE bottles in UK, >50% of DE automotive PP waste With good quality products (e.g. food contact approved HDPE) Packaging non-bottles (PE & PP) is rather low: 11 – 13% only WEEE is very low, except in the UK Recovery and recycling rates are heavily conditioned by: The development of more effective collection schemes (FR pilot) Landfill ban or restriction (DE) Energy recovery capacities National / markets specificities Milk bottles in the UK Automotive in DE, ES What drives high recovery rates?
12 Our conclusions (1/2) 55-60% of rigid PO waste were recovered in 2009 making a key contribution to plastics recycling and recovery in Europe. >1 MT of rigid PO was recycled in Europe in 2009 with clear potential to increase recycling exist in many countries As seen in DE, CH, SW, or AT, a “zero landfill” aspiration is possible with combination of recycling and energy recovery Demand for quality recycled PP & PE can support a step change in sorting techniques and investments – retailers can exert a strong pull
Our conclusions (2/2) A supportive regulatory frame is necessary to maximise PO waste recovery in Europe. Such framework should focus on Restricting (cheap) landfilling Extending collection to non-bottles rigid packaging Enhancing and simplifying collection (all “dry” waste in one bin?) Improving rapid identification techniques and sorting schemes (from mixed waste) Addressing with EFSA requirements for streamlined food-contact approval for recycled polymers 13