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Surgery. Kocher maneuver A Kocher maneuver is the dissection of the lateral peritoneal attachments of the duodenum to allow inspection of the duodenum,

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Presentation on theme: "Surgery. Kocher maneuver A Kocher maneuver is the dissection of the lateral peritoneal attachments of the duodenum to allow inspection of the duodenum,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Surgery

2 Kocher maneuver A Kocher maneuver is the dissection of the lateral peritoneal attachments of the duodenum to allow inspection of the duodenum, pancreas, and other retroperitoneal structures over to the great vessels.

3 Cattel maneuver The Cattel maneuver is mobilization of the ascending colon to the midline.

4 Mattox maneuver The Mattox maneuver is mobilization of the descending colon to the midline to expose the abdominal aorta

5 Credé's maneuver The Credé's maneuver is a technique used to void urine from the bladder of an individual who, due to disease, cannot do so without aid. The Credé's maneuver is executed by holding manual pressure just over the anterior surface of the skin, where the bladder is located. The Credé's Maneuver is known to be similar to a technique medical professionals use to aid in the body expelling the placenta after childbirth. urinebladder diseaseCredéplacentachildbirth

6 Gowers' sign Gowers' sign is a medical sign that indicates weakness of the proximal muscles, namely those of the lower limb. The sign describes a patient that has to use his hands and arms to "walk" up his own body from a squatting position due to lack of hip and thigh muscle strength.medical signweaknessproximalmuscleslower limb squatting position

7 Abdominal thrusts Abdominal thrusts, also known as the Heimlich Maneuver (after Henry Heimlich, who first described the procedure in a June 1974 informal article entitled "Pop Goes the Cafe Coronary", published in the journal Emergency Medicine). Edward A. Patrick, MD, PhD, an associate of Heimlich, has claimed to be the unaccredited co-developer of the procedure. Heimlich has objected to the name "abdominal thrusts" on the grounds that the vagueness of the term "abdomen" could cause the rescuer to exert force at the wrong siteHenry Heimlich

8 continued Performing abdominal thrusts involves a rescuer standing behind a patient and using their hands to exert pressure on the bottom of the diaphragm. This compresses the lungs and exerts pressure on any object lodged in the trachea, hopefully expelling it. This amounts to an artificial cough.diaphragmtracheacough

9 Leopold's Maneuvers In obstetrics, Leopold's Maneuvers are a common and systematic way to determine the position of a fetus inside the woman's uterus; they are named after the gynecologist Christian Gerhard Leopold. They are also used to estimate term fetal weight. [1]obstetricsfetusuterus Christian Gerhard Leopold [1] The maneuvers consist of four distinct actions, each helping to determine the position of the fetus. The maneuvers are important because they help determine the position and presentation of the fetus, which in conjunction with correct assessment of the shape of the maternal pelvis can indicate whether the delivery is going to be complicated, or whether a Cesarean section is necessary.maneuversfetusassessment maternalpelvisdeliveryCesarean section

10 McRoberts maneuver The McRoberts maneuver is employed in case of shoulder dystocia during childbirth and involves hyper flexing the mother's legs tightly to her abdomen. This widens the pelvis, and flattens the spine in the lower back (lumbar spine). If this maneuver does not succeed, an assistant applies pressure on the lower abdomen (suprapubic pressure), and the delivered head is also gently pulled. The technique is effective in about 42% of cases. shoulder dystociachildbirthlumbar spine

11 Müller's Manoeuvre After a forced expiration, an attempt at inspiration is made with closed mouth and nose, whereby the negative pressure in the chest and lungs is made very sub atmospheric; the reverse of Valsalva manoeuvreValsalva manoeuvre

12 Phalen's maneuver Phalen's maneuver is a diagnostic test for carpal tunnel syndrome discovered by an American orthopedist named George S. Phalencarpal tunnel syndrome orthopedistGeorge S. Phalen

13 Pringle manoeuvre The Pringle manoeuvre is a surgical manoeuvre used in some abdominal operations. A large hemostat is used to clamp the hepatoduodenal ligament interrupting the flow of blood through the hepatic artery and the portal vein and thus helping to control bleeding from the liver.surgicalabdominaloperationshemostathepatoduodenal ligamentbloodhepatic arteryportal veinliver

14 Sellicks procedure Sellicks procedure Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs. It is frequently performed in critically injured, ill or anesthetized patients to facilitate ventilation of the lungs, including mechanical ventilation, and to prevent the possibility of asphyxiation or airway obstruction.tubetracheaairwayventilationmechanical ventilationasphyxiation

15 continued The most widely used route is oral tracheal, in which an endotracheal tube is passed through the mouth and vocal apparatus into the trachea. In a nasotracheal procedure, an endotracheal tube is passed through the nose and vocal apparatus into the trachea. Other methods of intubation involve surgery and include the cricothyrotomy (used almost exclusively in emergency circumstances) and the tracheotomy, used primarily in situations where a prolonged need for airway support is anticipated.endotracheal tube vocal apparatus cricothyrotomytracheotomy

16 Valsalva maneuver The Valsalva maneuver or Valsalva manoeuvre is performed by moderately forceful attempted exhalation against a closed airway, usually done by closing one's mouth and pinching one's nose shut. Variations of the maneuver can be used either in medical examination as a test of cardiac function and autonomic nervous control of the heart, or to "clear" the ears and sinuses (that is, to equalize pressure between them) when ambient pressure changes, as in diving, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or aviation. exhalationairway medical autonomic nervousheartearssinuses divinghyperbaric oxygen therapyaviation

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