# Spanish 1120 Class Session 3 el 23 de junio Srta. Kleckauskas George Williams College – Aurora University.

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Spanish 1120 Class Session 3 el 23 de junio Srta. Kleckauskas George Williams College – Aurora University

Tonight’s topics… Numbers 31-100 The verb “tener” Family vocab Possessive adjectives “Me gusta” expressions Sports and pastime vocab School-related vocab Cultural topics HW due next session Extra-Credit Opportunities

Números 31-100 (Capítulo 1 pg. 48) The numbers from 31-100 have just about the same pattern as the previous numbers. Let’s look at how we say numbers 31-39  31 – treinta y uno  32 – treinta y dos  33 – treinta y tres  34 – treinta y cuatro  35 – treinta y cinco  36 – treinta y seis  37 – treinta y siete  38 – treinta y ocho  39 – treinta y nueve Do you see the pattern? Base word is “treinta” Add the word “and” which is “y” Add the single digit number

Números 31-100 Continued The numbers will follow this same pattern all the way up through 99  40 cuarenta  50 cincuenta  60 seisenta  70 setenta  80 ochenta  90 noventa When we reach 100 we say “cien” A note about numbers  A decimal point is replaced with a comma in Spanish 25.5% would be 25,5%  and a comma is replaced with a decimal point 124,897,046 is 124.897.046 in Spanish

Practica con los números Let’s try some math problems The operations are as follows:  Más means + (plus)  Menos means – (minus)  Son means = (equals)  Por means x (times; by)  Dividido por / (divided by) Example  18 – 6 =  Dieciocho menos seis son doce. Now you try…  Use the Activity Template for Session 3 (located on our website) to complete the following activity  Do numbers 1, 2, 5, and 7 from Act. 1-30 text pg. 49

tener = to have (text pg. 35) Tener is an irregular –er verb which means it won’t follow the conjugation pattern for regular –er verbs The conjugations are as follows: yo tengo nosotros nosotras tenemos tú tienes vosotros vosotras tenéis él, ella, Ud. tiene ellos, ellas, Uds. tienen

Uses of tener Tener is used to talk about what someone or something has Examples:  I have a cat. = Yo tengo un gato.  You (familiar) have blue eyes. = Tú tienes ojos azules.* *eye color as well as hair color is listed on the resource page you were given last time…it’s on the same page as the list of adjectives It’s used to indicate age using tener + age + años  Example: Yo tengo 16(dieciséis) años. Literally means “I have 16 years.” However, we know it to mean, “I am 16 years old.”

Uses of tener (continued) It’s used with a variety of expressions:  tener calor/tener frío = to be warm(hot)/to be cold La temperatura hace 105°. ¡Yo tengo calor! = It’s 105 degrees. I am hot!  tener hambre/tener sed = to be hungry/to be thirsty Nosotros tenemos hambre. = We are hungry.  tener miedo = to be scared Ay! ¡Hay una araña muy grande! ¡Yo tengo miedo! = AH! There’s a really big spider! I’m scared!  tener dolor = to be in pain Yo tengo dolor de cabeza. = I have a headache.

One more use of tener… If we want to say “to have to do…” we use tener + que + infinitive  Example: Tengo que ir a la tienda.= I have to go to the store. Practice Activities (to complete on Activity Template)  Text pg. 35 Act. 1-6 #s 1-6  Text pg. 35 Act. 1-7 #s 2, 3, 5, 8, 10 Infinitive (the verb “ir” stays in its original form and means “to go”)

La Familia – Vocabulario (Text pg. 32) A few notes… Possession is indicated by the word “de” There are no apostrophes in Spanish La familia de Eduardo means Eduardo’s family (literally means The family of Eduardo)

La Familia – Vocabulario (Text pg. 32) Please review the vocab words on page 32 on your own  We will use them to complete some practice activities  Note: In keeping with the “de” rule to indicate relationships and take the place of apostrophes, to say “Eduardo’s sister” we would say “La hermana de Eduardo.” To say “Eduardo’s grandparents” we would say “Los abuelos de Eduardo.”  To say, “She is Eduardo’s sister” you would say “Ella es la hermana de Eduardo.” Use the Activity Template to complete the following:  Act. 1-16 on page 40 of your text. Do numbers 1-6.  Act. 1-17 pg. 40 fill-in-the-blanks

Adjetivos Posesivos (text pg. 42) Possessive adjectives are the words that mean my, your, his, her, its, our, and their In Spanish they are: mi, mis (my) nuestro nuestra nuestros nuestras (our) tu, tus (your) vuestro vuestra vuestros vuestras (your) su, sus (his, her, its, your) su, sus (their, your)

Notes about possessive adjectives… Possessive adjectives agree in form with the person, place, or thing possessed, NOT with the possessor  Let’s say we have the following people: Laura and José. They are describing their house to you so they would begin by saying, “Our house…” Well, they would say, “Nuestra casa…” because the noun casa is feminine and singular so the possessive adjective nuestra would also need to be feminine and singular. Therefore, this rule states that they would NOT use nuestro even though José is talking and he’s a male. Possessive adjectives MUST agree in number (singular or plural) AND gender (masculine or feminine) with the noun  Mi amiga es simpática – My friend is nice. (singular noun amiga, singular possessive adjective mi)  Nuestro perro se llama Sparky. – Our dog’s name is Sparky. (singular/masculine noun perro and singular/masculine possessive adjective nuestro)

A few more notes… Tu/tus are used in the familiar whereas su/sus are used with the formal As a possessive adjective, the word tu does NOT have an accent mark as the subject pronoun tú does. Practice Activities:  Act. 1-20 pg. 43 in text #s1-6  Act. 1-21 pg. 43 in text #s1-7

Expresiones con gustar (text pg. 25 and 82) The verb “gustar” means “to like” However, it is mainly used with certain expressions called “gustar expressions” Me gusta means I like ¿Qué te gusta? means What do you like?

Me gusta (continued) To express something you like you say  Me gusta… To express something you don’t like you say  No me gusta… “Gustar” expressions can be used with nouns or verbs/activities  with a noun: Me gusta el arte. = I like art.  with a verb/activity: Me gusta bailar. = I like to dance.

Asking, “Do you like…” To ask someone what he/she likes you say,  ¿Qué te gusta? – What do you like?  ¿Te gusta el arte? – Do you like art? To ask someone what he/she likes to do you say  ¿Qué te gusta hacer? – What do you like to do?  ¿Te gusta escuchar música? – Do you like to listen to music?

Notes with “gustar” expressions… Use Me gusta with singular nouns or one activity after it  Me gusta la película. – I like the movie. Use Me gustan with plural nouns or more than one activity after it  Me gustan las películas. – I like the movies.

Putting it all together… So to ask and answer a question with “gustar” we’d say:  ¿Te gusta bailar? – Do you like to dance? Sí, me gusta bailar. – Yes, I like to dance. OR… No, no me gusta bailar. – No I don’t like to dance.  ¿Te gustan las clases de ciencias? – Do you like science classes?  Sí, me gustan las clases de ciencias. – Yes, I like science classes. OR…  No, no me gustan las clases de ciencias. – No I don’t like science classes.

All “gustar” expressions Most likely we will not want to only talk about ourselves and what we like to do, right? So in this chart, you will discover how to say the other “gustar” expressions that talk about what other people like. Examples:  She likes to exercise. – Le gusta hacer ejercicio.  We like to watch T.V. – Nos gusta ver la tele.  They don’t like to sunbathe. – No les gusta tomar el sol. Me gusta (I like) Nos gusta (We like) Te gusta (You familiar like) Os gusta (You pl. like) Le gusta (He or she likes) (You formal like) Les gusta (They like) (You pl. like)

Words and Expressions to use with “gustar” (text pg. 83-84 and pg. 62) Pages 83-84 Activities and Pastimes (Verbs to use with “gustar”) Page 62 School-related words (nouns to use with “gustar”) Please review the vocab on your own and use it in the practice activities

Practice activities with “gustar” Activity 2-30 pg. 83 #s 1-8 Complete Conversation #3 ¿Qué te gusta hacer? on our website

Cultura Family Names in Spanish (text pg. 34) – Please read on your own as this is simply an overview In Spanish-speaking countries it is common for people to use both paternal and maternal last names.  Pedro Martín Jiménez This would be helpful for phonebook listings, tracking one’s heritage, and keeping family names When a woman marries, she is most likely to keep her father’s last name but give up her mother’s last name She will take her husband’s last name which will be preceded by the word “de” which we learned earlier means “of.” Paternal last name Maternal last name

HW for next session Packet 1 (A: Para Empezar)  Pg. 25-26 “Gustar” Act. A-47  Pg. 26 Skip A-48 for now and DO Act. A-49 (post as a discussion on discussion board Conversation #4) For Act. A-49: Create 5 different questions asking a classmate what he/she likes or likes to do Packet 2 (1: ¿Quiénes somos?)  Pg. 29 Act. 1  Pg. 30-31 Act. 1-3 (note: Quién es means “who is”)  Pg. 38 Act. 1-16 (note: Write the plural forms of the words)  Pg. 44 Act. 1-27 and Act. 1-28 paso 1 y paso 2  Pg. 45 Act. 1-29  Pg. 54 Act. 1-45 All work is due at our next class session on Wednesday, June 30. Please let me know if you have any questions. How did you like being able to hear me explain the slides? I hope it helped!!!

Extra-Credit Opportunities (Choose one of the two activities) Packet 1  Pg. 21 Act. A-39  Pg. 22 Act. A-41  Pg. 23 Act. A-43  Research and print out (or copy and paste) a weather report for any Spanish- speaking country for this week (either 7 days before today or the next 7). Describe the weather in Spanish using AT LEAST 2 weather expressions for each day. Type this info into a Word doc. This is due by the next class session on June 30. Brief Presentation of Current Event Topic  Research the Internet or newspapers/magazines, etc. to find a current event topic pertaining to any Spanish-speaking country in the world. You will write a brief summary of the article (in English) as well as a reflection of your thoughts on the topic. This should be about 1 page typed. You will need to include a source for your article, as well. You will then briefly present this information to the class on June 30.

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