2 The Law of GravitationYou exert an attractive force on everything around you and everything is exerting an attractive force on you.This attractive force is called gravity.Anything that has mass is attracted by the force of gravity.The Law of Gravitation states that any two masses exert an attractive force on each other.
3 The Law of Gravitation Gravitation force depends on two things: The mass of the two objectsThe distance between the two objectsWhy do you suppose the Earth exerts a force on you that you can feel, but you can’t feel the force the desk is exerting on you?
4 Gravity – a basic force There are four basic forces: Gravity Electromagnetic forceNuclear force = StrongNuclear force = WeakCaused by electricity and magnetismApply to an atom only
5 Gravitational Acceleration When objects fall, the gravitational pull is 9.8 m/s2When a falling object is only affected by gravity it is said to be in free fall.
6 Gravitational Acceleration If you drop a bowling ball and a marble off a bridge, which would hit the water first?Things to consider…
7 Gravitational Acceleration Force of gravity is greater on the bowling ball because of its larger mass.The larger mass means it has a larger inertia so more force is needed to change its velocity.Gravitational force on the marble is smaller because it has a smaller massThe inertia on the marble is less and less force is needed to change the velocity.Therefore, all objects fall with the same acceleration!
8 WeightEven if you are standing still and you have zero acceleration, the force of gravity is still present.Weight is the gravitational force exerted on an object.Capital W stands for weight.Gravitational force = mass x (acceleration due to gravity)
9 WeightBecause the gravitational force is the same as the weight and the acceleration due to gravity, the equation can also be written as:W = (m)(9.8 m/s2)
10 Weight & Mass Weight and mass are not the same thing. Weight is a forceMass is a measure of the amount of matter an object contains.The greater the weight, the greater the attraction between the object and Earth.
11 WeightlessnessTo be nearly weightless, you would have to be far from the Earth.Astronauts experience this feeling when they are in space.