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Healthy Lifestyles 1

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Presentation on theme: "Healthy Lifestyles 1"— Presentation transcript:

1 Healthy Lifestyles 1

2 World Health Organisation Strategy “Health for All” Increase quality and years of healthy life Eliminate health disparities Increase incidence of people reporting “healthy days” Increase incidence of people reporting “active days” Increase access to health information and services for all people 2

3 Social Values Good health is generally regarded as of primary importance to adults in society When polled about important social values, 99% of adults in the UK identified being in good health” as one of their major concerns Two other concerns expressed most often were: Good family life Good self-image 3

4 Facts About Wellness The principle health goal of Western nations is to increase the healthy life span of all individuals Over the past century, the life expectancy for the average individual has increased by 60% A child born in 1900 could expect to live only 47 years By 1930 the life expectancy had increased by over 10% The current life expectancy is slightly more than 76 years (men) and slightly over 80 years (women) Source: National Statistics, 2009 Centre for Sport Health & Fitness4

5 Facts About Wellness The average person can expect only about 64 years of healthy life Approximately 12 years are characterised as dysfunctional or lacking (in quality of life) Disease and illness are often associated with poor health limit length of life and contribute to the dysfunctional living 5

6 Dimensions of Optimal Health Health is optimal well-being that contributes to the quality of life More than freedom from disease and illness Within a person’s heredity and personal abilities, optimal health components include: 6 Wellness Spiritual Physical Emotional (Mental) Intellectual Social

7 Facts about Physical Fitness Physical fitness – the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively Consists of health-related physical fitness and skill- related physical fitness – each of which contributes to the quality of life A multi-dimensional state of being, associated with a person’s ability to: –Work effectively –Enjoy leisure time –Be healthy –Resist hypokinetic diseases –Meet emergency situations 7

8 8 Health-Related Physical Fitness Terms Body Composition The relative percentage of muscle, fat, bone and other tissues that comprise the body A fit person has relatively low (though not too low) percentage of body fat

9 Health-Related Physical Fitness Terms Cardiovascular Fitness The ability of the heart, blood vessels, blood and respiratory system to supply fuel and oxygen to the muscles The ability of the muscles to utilise fuel to allowed sustained exercise A fit person can persist in physical activity for relatively long periods without undue stress

10 Health-Related Physical Fitness Terms Flexibility The range of motion available in a joint Affected by muscle length, joint structure and other factors A fit person can usually move the body joints through a full range of motion at work and play

11 Health-Related Physical Fitness Terms Muscular Endurance The ability of the muscles to repeatedly exert themselves A fit person can repeat movements for a long period without undue fatigue

12 Health-Related Physical Fitness Terms Strength The ability of the muscles to exert an extraordinary force or lift a heavy weight A fit person can do work or play that involves exerting force, such as lifting or controlling one’s own body weight

13 Health-Related Physical Fitness Each health-related physical fitness characteristic has a direct relationship to good health and reduced risk if hypokinetic disease Possessing a moderate amount of each component is essential to disease prevention and health promotion, but not essentially central to have exceptionally high levels of fitness to achieve health benefits High levels of health-related fitness relate more to performance than health benefits

14 Skill-Related Physical Fitness The components of skill related physical fitness are: They are called skill-related because people who possess them find it easy to achieve high levels of performance in motor skills Skill-Related Fitness Balance Co-ordination Agility Power Reaction Time Speed

15 Agility: The ability to rapidly and accurately change the direction of the whole body in space Balance: The ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or moving Coordination: The ability to use the senses and body parts in order to perform motor tasks smoothly and accurately

16 Power: The amount of force a muscle can exert Reaction Time: The ability to respond quickly to stimuli Speed: The amount of time it takes the body to perform specific tasks

17 Facts About Healthy Lifestyles 1.Regular physical activity 2.Eating well 3.Managing stress 4.Avoiding destructive habits 5.Practicing safe sex 6.Adopting good safety habits 7.Learning first aid 8.Adopting good personal habits 9.Complying with medical advice 10.Being and informed consumer Wellness Physical Fitness Hereditary Environment Poor medical care Lifestyle change, more than any other factor, is considered to be the best way of preventing illness and early death in society Healthy Lifestyles Health Other Factors

18 Healthy Lifestyle and Wellness Just as unhealthy lifestyles are the principle causes of modern day illness, healthy lifestyles can result in an improved feeling of wellness that is critical to optimal health Regular physical activity, sound nutrition, and stress management are considered to be priority lifestyles factors – why? 1.They are behaviours that affect the lives of all people 2. They are lifestyles in which large numbers of people can make improvement 3. Modest changes in these behaviours can make dramatic improvements in individual and public health

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