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SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood.

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Presentation on theme: "SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Get a Grip! The Positively Aging®/MORE Curriculum Project Linda Pruski MaryAnne Toepperwein Cheryl Blalock Olivia Lemelle National Science Teachers Association March 31-April 3, 2005

2 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Positively Aging®/M.O.R.E. Choices & Changes Michael J. Lichtenstein, Principle Investigator Carolyn Marshall, Project Director Linda Pruski, Education Specialist MaryAnne Toepperwein, Education Specialist Cheryl Blalock, Research Associate Yan Liu, Programmer Analyst Olivia Lemelle, Graphics Designer Kathleen Boehme, Administrator Steve Owen, Statistician Kacy Vandewalle, Research Intern Michelle Wang, Teacher Intern

3 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute National Institutes of Health National Center for Research Resources Science Education Partnership Award National Institute on Aging National Heart Lung and Blood Institute National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

4 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Positively Aging ®/ M.O.R.E. Collaborative Curriculum Development Secondary Teachers UTHSCSA Researchers

5 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute To help teachers... prepare and implement research-based curricular materials that explore interdisciplinary opportunities in health science, physiology, and gerontology prepare students to make critical health decisions for extending and enhancing their lives Positively Aging®/ M.O.R.E. Goals

6 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute To help teachers... develop sensitivity to the needs and concerns of the aging population foster an enduring interest in health science research and medical careers Positively Aging®/ M.O.R.E. Goals

7 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Study of Motion Kinematics- branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of objects apart from the forces causing the motion Kinesiology- study of human movement

8 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Get a Grip! Arm and hand movements include actions such as: –Reaching –Grasping –Transporting –Manipulating

9 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Grip Strength Research has shown that after the age of forty: –grip strength declines more than 1% per year –the rate of decline is faster for males than females

10 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Why is Grip Strength Important? Student awareness that much of our daily functioning depends upon ability to grasp & manipulate objects To preserve daily functioning throughout the lifespan To monitor rehabilitation after injury Indicator of safe and sustainable functional work capacity

11 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Functions to Assess Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Physical (BASIC) ADL’S (ex. bathing, dressing, toileting, mobility) Instrumental ADL’S (ex. telephone, shopping, food prep, housekeeping, taking medications, transportation, finances) Discretionary ADL’S (ex. hobbies, social functions, golf)

12 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Opposable Thumb Sets primates apart from other animals Allows us to grasp and manipulate objects with precision

13 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Grip Styles Determined primarily by combination of fingers used: –Lateral pinch –Chuck pinch –4-Finger pinch –5-finger pinch

14 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Lateral Pinch Using thumb and index finger

15 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Chuck Pinch Using thumb, index and middle fingers

16 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 4-Finger Pinch Using thumb and all fingers except the little finger

17 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 5-Finger Pinch Using thumb and all fingers

18 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Cylindrical grip Circular: place thumb and fingers radially around an object Prismatic: Using thumb and fingers to grasp an object

19 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Mechanics of Grip Fingers will have maximum grip when oriented toward the thumb Each finger contributes a different magnitude of force –Ring and little fingers exert least –Index and middle fingers exert the most

20 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Mechanics of Grip The fewer fingers used in a grip style, the more force each must exert Thumb must exert a force equal to that of opposing fingers

21 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Mechanics of Grip Diameter of an object affects amount of force required to grasp it and resulting grip span affects overall grip strength Significant implications for muscle fatigue in people doing repetitive tasks, such as –Athletes –Factory workers –Office workers

22 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Muscle Fatigue Reduction in muscle force production Awkward posture or prolonged muscle contraction can lead to muscle fatigue

23 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Force Action that causes an object to accelerate (change its velocity) In this activity, it is an action that makes an object move or change shape Some units of force include: –Kilograms –Newtons –Pounds –Dynes

24 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute Objectives of This Activity Grip styles Calibrate handmade instrument to measure grip strength Collect, analyze & graph data Plan experimental design to extend investigation

25 SEPA & MKITS funding from National Institutes of Health: National Center for Research Resources, National Institute on Aging, National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute The Positively Aging®/M.O.R.E. Curricular Projects on the Web:


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