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FORMAL VS. INFORMAL GREETINGS Lección Preliminar.

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Presentation on theme: "FORMAL VS. INFORMAL GREETINGS Lección Preliminar."— Presentation transcript:

1 FORMAL VS. INFORMAL GREETINGS Lección Preliminar

2  IN SPANISH THERE ARE FORMAL AND INFORMAL (FAMILIAR) WAYS TO SAY THINGS. Formal vs. Informal (Familiar)  THIS AFFECTS THE WORDS WE USE IN DIFFERENT SITUATIONS  Expressions  Titles  Verb endings

3  IN ENGLISH, WE DISTINGUISH FORMALITY MOST OF THE TIME BY USING TITLES.  For example, you wouldn’t call your principal by his or her first name. You would use Mr. or Mrs. and their last name. Formal vs. Informal in English  IN SPANISH, WE HAVE TWO ENTIRELY DIFFERENT FORMS FOR TALKING TO SOMEONE DIRECTLY THAT DETERMINE WHETHER YOU ARE ADDRESSING THEM FORMALLY OR INFORMALLY.  Informal (or familiar) = Tú  Formal = Usted

4  IT IS INFORMAL OR FAMILIAR.  You use this form when you are addressing someone directly that:  A person your own age or younger  A friend, sometimes relatives  A person you call by his or her first name #1 “Tú” = “you” informally

5  The familiar form or the “tú” form will sometimes include the word “tú”, but not always.  Informal greetings we have learned so far are:  ¿Cómo estás (tú)? = How are you? (tú is often left out)  ¿Y tú? = and you? Familiar (informal)  Other informal forms we have learned are:  ¿Qué tal? = How’s it going?  ¿Qué pasa? = What’s up?  ¿Qué onda? What’s up? (Mexico)

6  IT IS FORMAL OR RESPECTFUL TO ADDRESS SOMEONE AS “USTED”  You use this form when you are addressing someone directly that:  a person you don’t know  someone older  a person with whom you want to show respect, such as in a business or formal situation. # 2. “Usted” = “you” formally

7  The formal form in Spanish is referred to as the “usted form” and will most often have the word usted in the greeting, statement or question.  Formal greetings we have learned so far are:  ¿Cómo está usted? = How are you? (usted is optional, but often left in to accentuate the formality)  ¿Cómo está ? = How are you?  ¿Y usted? = and you? (formally) Formal (respectful)

8  IN FORMAL SITUATIONS, IT IS MOST COMMON TO USE:  buenos días,  buenas tardes  buenas noches  IN FAMILIAR SITUATIONS, YOU CAN USE THESE OR JUST A SIMPLE “HOLA”  IT IS MOST COMMON WHEN ADDRESSING SOMEONE FORMALLY TO USE THEIR TITLE AND THEIR LAST NAME.  EXAMPLES: Señor Ramírez (Mr. Ramirez) Señora Ramos (Mrs. Ramos) Señorita García (Miss. García) Other formal/informal notes

9 Las Respuestas Possibles (Possible Responses) (Muy) bien (Muy) mal Más o menos Regular Terrible Estupendo(a) Tranquilo(a) (Very) well (Very) bad So-so Okay Terrible Stupendous Calm

10 Formal Familiar (Informal) ¿Y usted? ¿Y tú? Para preguntar al révez (To ask in return)

11 Marisol: ¡Buenos días, Señor García! ¿Cómo está usted? Señor Garcia: ¡Hola, Marisol! Estoy bien, ¿y tú? ¿Cómo estás? Marisol: ¡Estoy muy muy muy muy bien! (Estoy = I am) Senor Garcia: ¿Porqué? (Porqué = why) Marisol: ¡Yo saqué una “A”! (I got an A!) Sample Conversation

12 Self Check Can you name at least 3 familiar greetings? Can you name at least 1 formal greeting? What is the difference between the two types of greetings?

13 Pr á ctica 3 Familiar Greetings Formal Greeting 1. 5 Possible Responses


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