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High School Physical Science Week 2 Describing and Measuring Matter.

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Presentation on theme: "High School Physical Science Week 2 Describing and Measuring Matter."— Presentation transcript:

1 High School Physical Science Week 2 Describing and Measuring Matter

2 Overview Physical and Chemical Properties Physical and Chemical Changes Calculating Density Metric Measurement States of Matter

3 Vocabulary 1.matter 2.volume 3.mass 4.weight 5.physical property 6.physical change 7.density 8.state 9. conductivity 10. malleability 11. ductility 12. solubility 13. chemical property 14. chemical change 15. reactivity 16. combustibility

4 Metric System Base UnitPropertyTool LitersLiquid volumeGraduated cylinder, beaker MetersLengthMeter stick, ruler GramsMassBalance, scale NewtonWeightSpring scale Kilo-Hecto-Deka-Deci-Centi-Milli- 1000100100.10.010.001

5 Precision and Accuracy If the target is 5.00 then this set… (5.00, 4.99, 5.01) is precise AND accurate (4.60, 4.59, 4.61) is precise BUT NOT accurate (4.90, 5.10, 4.95) is accurate BUT NOT precise (5.20, 4.80, 4.60) is NEITHER

6 Matter Two properties of matter are volume and mass. Volume is the amount of space taken up by an object. The SI unit of volume is the liter (L). Mass is the amount of matter in an object. The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg). Weight is a measure of the gravitational force on an object, usually in relation to the Earth. Inertia is the tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if the object is moving, to resist a change in speed or direction. The more massive an object is, the greater its inertia.

7 Physical Properties and Changes Physical properties of matter can be observed without changing the identity of the matter. Examples of physical properties are conductivity, state, malleability, ductility, solubility, and density. Density is the amount of matter in a given space. Density is used to identify substances because the density of a substance is always the same at a given pressure and temperature. When a substance undergoes a physical change, its identity stays the same. Examples of physical changes are freezing, cutting, bending, dissolving, and melting

8 Chemical Properties and Changes Chemical properties describe a substance based on its ability to change into a new substance that has different properties. Chemical properties can be observed only when a chemical change might happen. Examples of chemical properties are flammability and reactivity. New substances form as a result of a chemical change. Unlike a chemical change, a physical change does not alter the identity of a substance

9 States of Matter The four most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms and molecules that attract each other and move constantly. A solid has a definite shape and volume. A liquid has a definite volume but not a definite shape. A gas does not have a definite shape or volume. Plasma is ionized gas.

10 Videos BrainPop Measuring Matter BrainPop Metric System BrainPop Precision and Accuracy Study Jams Properties of Matter Study Jams Physical and Chemical Changes BrainPop Property Changes BrainPop Matter Changing States

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