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**How do we measure things in science?**

The Metric System How do we measure things in science?

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**Length (measures the distance from one point to another)**

Base Unit Meter Tool Meter stick/ruler

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Meter sticks

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**This lizard is 3 meters long!**

(a meter is about 39 inches)

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**Volume (measures the amount of space an object takes up )**

Base Unit Liter (liquids) Cubic centimeters (solids) Tool Graduated Cylinder (liquids) Ruler (solids)

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Graduated Cylinders Measure the volume of liquids

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**Three steps to reading a graduated cylinder**

Place the graduated cylinder on level surface Read at eye level Read from the bottom of the meniscus

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**Measuring volume of a solid**

This solid is three cubic meters in volume. L x W x H = volume

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**Formula for finding the volume of a rectangular solid**

Length x Width x Height L x W x H

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**Finding the volume of an irregular object**

1. Place enough water in a graduated cylinder to cover the object. Record the volume. 2. Add the object and record the new volume. 3. Find the difference between the two volumes and that is the volume of the irregular object.

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**Mass (measures the amount of matter in an object)**

Base Unit gram Tool Electric balance

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**Electronic balance used to measure mass**

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**Steps before using a balance**

Clean the weigh pan Tare the balance (zero it out)

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**This stuff is supposed to give you more muscle mass**

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**Temperature (measures heat and chill)**

Base Unit Degrees celcius Tool Thermometer

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**Both Celsius and Farenheit scales are seen here**

Both Celsius and Farenheit scales are seen here. In science we do not use degrees Farenheit.

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This man is in a freezing cold environment as can be seen by his frozen hair and beard. He is sitting in a natural hot spring that is very warm at the same time!

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**Density How closely the molecules of an object are packed together.**

Density can be calculated if the mass and volume are known Density = mass divided by volume

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**Measuring density using an electric balance for mass and a graduated cylinder for volume.**

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Less dense liquids float on more dense liquids in this density column

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Weight of an object The mass of an object multiplied by the force of gravity. Weight changes if gravity changes. (like on the moon) Mass does not change on the moon.

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**Your weight will be less on the moon, but your mass does not change**

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