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Measuring

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Reading the Meniscus Always read volume from the bottom of the meniscus at eye-level. The meniscus is the curved surface of a liquid in a narrow cylindrical container. meniscus

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Measuring Volume Read the volume using all certain digits and one uncertain digit. Certain digits are determined from the calibration marks on the cylinder. The uncertain digit (the last digit of the reading) is estimated.

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When we measure something, we always estimate between the smallest marks. 21345

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21345 The better marks …the better we can measure.

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21345 The last number recorded is actually an estimate. But we must record it to give the best possible measurement.

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Divide the space into 10 imaginary equal spaces

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Use the graduations to find all certain digits Each graduation represents 1 mL, so the certain digits of the reading are… 52 mL

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Estimate the uncertain digit and take a reading The meniscus is about eight tenths of the way to the next graduation, so the final digit in the reading is… The volume in the graduated cylinder is 0.8 mL 52.8 mL

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10 mL Graduate What is the volume of liquid in the graduate?

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Self Test Examine the meniscus below and determine the volume of liquid contained in the graduated cylinder. The cylinder contains: _ _. _ mL 76 0

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10 mL Graduate What is the volume of liquid in the graduate?

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10 mL Graduate What is the volume of liquid in the graduate? _. _ _ mL 6 26

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25mL graduated cylinder What is the volume of liquid in the graduate? _ _. _ _ mL 11 50

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