2Brain stormFigure out the expressions related to optimistic and pessimistic attitude. And you can work in groups.confidence; delight; happiness; persistence;energetic; high-spirited; upward; desiring;downhearted; doomed; depressed; disappointed;heartbroken; hopeless;
3Get started How do you feel about your present life? Are you in a bad mood sometimes? If so, why?How do you react to difficulties in life? Can you give an example?Do you think optimism is the key to a happy and better life?Now, we go to review a classical movie…
5Every day, Chris had to work hard from morning till night, but still could hardly make a living. Unfortunately, his wife left Chris because of life pressure, leaving him and her five-year-old son. And naturally, Chris became a single father.The destitution of life was absolutely depressing, but for his son’s future, for his own belief, Chris never gave up and he still strongly believed that happiness would come one day if he worked hard enough today.
11There is an I in "happiness“. There is no Y in "happiness“. It's an I. I'm the type of person,if you ask me a question, and I don't konw the answer,I'm gonna to tell you that I don't konw.But I bet you what: I konw how to find the answer, and I'll find the answer.
12In the end…One has to strongly believe in himself, no matter how difficult the situation is, but of course, hard-working is indispensable.
15Para 1-31. According to Devos, why is it a matter of one’s own decision to choose between optimism and pessimism? (para.1)2. What should we choose between optimism and pessimism? (para.2)3. Why does Devos believe in the upward look? (para.3)
16Key phrases in reverse cause-and-effect relationship look up in hope 1. 反之亦然cause-and-effect relationship2. 因果关系3. 塑造自己的前途与理想shape one’s outlook and expectationslook up in hope4. 积极向上look down in despair5. 垂头丧气the upward look6. 积极向上的生活态度slip over7. 忽视；遗漏by choice8. 凭选择；凭爱好by nature9. 天生地live through10. 经过……仍然活着when all is said and done11. 归根结底
17Key sentences1. There seems to be a natural cause-and-effect relationship between optimism and success.2. Optimism and pessimism are with powerful forces, and each of us must choose which we want, so as to shape our outlook and our expectations.3. But when all is said and done, I find that the good in life is far greater and more important than the bad.
18Para 4-71.Why does Devos say that an optimistic attitude is a necessity? (para.4)2.Why did Devos feel a little sick when he got home? (para.5)3.Why did his skin appear yellow when he was at the service station? (para.6)4.What does the author’s experience at the service station show? (para.7)
19Key phrases feed on / upon a service station an odd question 13. 以……为食；14. 加油站a service stationan odd question15. 一个古怪问题16. 感到有点心神不宁feel a little uneasypull over17. 把（车）停路边18. 染上怪病pick up some rare diseasefigure out19. 理解；想出20. 对……产生巨大影响have a profound effect on …
20Key sentences1.Conversely, negative thoughts, attitudes, and expectations feed on themselves; they become a self-fulfilling prophecy.2.Without hesitation, he continued to tell me how bad I looked and that my skin appeared yellow.3.That single negative observation had a profound effect on the way I felt and acted.
21Para 8-101. What is one of the things that Devos is most thankful for? (para.8)2. What is the author’s opinion about the relationship between a culture and individuals in terms of attitude? (para.9)3.What is author’s opinion of the people who criticize America’s space program? (para.10)
22Key phrases positive affirmation grand tradition make a difference 21. 积极的肯定positive affirmation22. 伟大的传统grand tradition23. 会产生很大影响make a difference24. 导致result in25. 矢志不移的坚韧great persistence
23Key sentences1.The only thing more powerful than negativism is a positive affirmation, a word of optimism and hope.2.Think in positive terms about how to address the issue rather than criticizing money spent on another program, such as America’s space program, which has resulted in many positive discoveries that have benefited mankind.3.When you’re an optimist, you’re more concerned with problem-solving than with useless fault-finding.4.It takes a dreamer — someone with hopelessly optimistic ideas, great persistence, and unlimited confidence — to tackle a problem that big.
24Quiz Are you an optimist about the future? Or are you a pessimist? This quiz will help you find out.Directions: Answer the following ten questions. You will get some points for each answer. Then figure out the total mark of the ten.
25QuizDo you think that184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.9.10.people all over the world will be living in peace in twenty years?people will be enjoying longer, healthier lives in fifty years?hunger in the world will be eliminated in your lifetime?scientists will find a cure for cancer or AIDS in your lifetime?global warming will be stopped in your lifetime?the world will be a better place for everyone by the next century?you will live your entire life more comfortably than your parents or grandparents?the “information age” will result in higher education for everyone?That a new source of energy will be available when fossil fuels run out?human rights around the world will improve significantly in the next twenty years?
26The following result is for your reference. ScoringResult0~10Pessimistic — You’re “down in the dumps”. Cheer up!11~20Occasionally pessimistic — “Every cloud has a silver lining.”21~30Middle of the road — “You win some. You lose some.”31~40Occasionally optimistic — “Every dog has his day.”41~50Optimistic — You’re “on top of the world.”
27Summary of the textThe optimist takes action，the pessimist takes a seat．An optimist takes a look at a half glass of water and says it’s half full．A pessimist looks at the same half glass of water and says it’s half empty．An optimist is a person who will still climb up a tree to enjoy his view even chased by a lion．乐观者采取行动，悲观者寻找椅子坐下。一个乐观者看着半杯说它是半满的，悲观者看着同样的半杯水说它是半空的。一个乐观者即使被一头狮子追着，还能够爬上树继续观赏风景。
28If your life feels like it is lacking the power that you want and the motivation that you need, sometimes all you have to do is shift your point of view.如果你觉得心有余力不足，觉得缺乏前进的动力，有时候你只需要改变思维的角度。By training your thoughts to concentrate on the bright side of things, you are more likely to have the incentive to follow through on your goals. You are less likely to be held back by negative ideas that might limit your performance.试着训练自己的思想朝好的一面看，这样你就会汲取实现目标的动力，而不会因为消极沉沦停滞不前。
29Your life can be enhanced, and your happiness enriched, when you choose to change your perspective. Don't leave your future to chance, or wait for things to get better mysteriously on their own. You must go in the direction of your hopes and aspirations. Begin to build your confidence, and work through problems rather than avoid them. Remember that power is not necessarily control over situations, but the ability to deal with whatever comes your way.一旦变换看问题的角度，你的生活会豁然开朗，幸福快乐会 接踵而来。别交出掌握命运的主动权，也别指望局面会不可 思议的好转。你必须与内心希望与热情步调一致。建立自 信，敢于与困难短兵相接，而非绕道而行。记住，力量不是 驾驭局势的法宝，无坚不摧的能力才是最重要的。
30Do you see the glass as half-full rather than half empty Do you see the glass as half-full rather than half empty? Do you keep your eyes upon the donut, not upon the hole? Optimism can help you to be happier, healthier and more successful. Pessimism leads, by contrast, to hopeless, sickness and failure. So, what will you do?你看到的是杯子里的半杯水，还是空着的另一半？你的眼睛盯着的是面包圈，还是它当中的圆洞？乐观能够让你更加快乐，健康，成功，而悲观则会导致无望，疾病以及挫败。你又会怎么做呢？
31Famous celebritiesThe feast of life is so right! My life there is a trickle-down tours every Yuet, thanks to God immediately under total 10,000 Flowing Down; my breath for each note, he is always dumping the whole piece of music such as the Su - Kam. Gift of life that the only reward for those willing to have a taste of the people.生命之宴该是如此吧!我对生命中的涓滴每有一分赏悦，上帝总立即赐下万道流泉;我为每一个音符凝神，他总是倾下整匹的音乐如素锦。生命的厚礼，原来只赏赐给那些肯于一尝的人。The world does not "perfect." We are not happy with them depends on the reality "should be" look how great the distance between. If we do not always expect perfect happiness in this matter on the sub-file is much more simple.世界本来就不“完美”。我们不快乐的程度取决于现实跟它们“应该是”的样子之间有多大距离。如果我们不凡事苛求完美，快乐这档子事就简单得多了。
32Famous celebritiesIn between life and death there is still a wonderful journey called life. This is a magical journey, it should be full of fantasy, imagination, knowledge, and understanding the reality.在生与死之间还有一段美妙的征程，叫做生活。这是一段神奇的旅途，它应该充满了梦幻、想象、知识、现实和领悟。If you realize that life is a one-way road, you will never again pass by the same landscape, then you should enjoy life to himself, and that is what the true meaning of happiness.如果你意识到，生命是一条单向车道，你永远不可能再次路过相同的风景，那么你就应该全身心地去享受生活，而这就是快乐的真谛了 .
33AssignmentDirections: Write a composition of about 120 words entitled “Be an Optimist”. You can support your arguments with words and expressions from the text.Be an Optimist1. 有的人乐观，有的人悲观2. 乐观和悲观的影响3. 如何做个乐观的人