2 Let's calculate the density for each of these blocks. Block IMass = 79.4 gramsVolume=29.8 cubic cm.Block II:Mass= 25.4 gramsWrite these figures down!!!!
3 Remember Density= Mass/Volume Density of Block 1 =Density of Block 2 =2.66 g/cm30.85 g/cm3
4 Density of a Solid What is each block made of? Block 1 = Block 2 = Using the table below it is now possible for you to determine what substance makes up each block.The densities for some common substances are:Substance Density (gm/cu.cm)AirWood (oak)WaterIceAluminum 2.7LeadGoldEthanolMethanolBlock 1 = Block 2 =AluminumWood
5 Density of a LiquidProblem: You are given two unknown liquids. Find the density of each.Materials: 100ml graduated cylinder, triple beam balance, calculator, 2 unknown liquids.Procedure:1) Find the mass of the empty graduated cylinder.2) Pour unknown liquid #1 into the graduated cylinder to the 50 ml. level.3) Find the mass of the graduated cylinder with 50ml of unknown liquid #1.4) Repeat steps 1-3 for unknown liquid #2.
6 Density of a LiquidWe can calculate density of a liquid using the formula:Density= Mass/Volumewhere mass is that for just the liquid (you must subtract out the mass of the graduated cylinder).Now let's calculate the densities of the two liquids using the following given data.
7 Density of a Liquid Liquid #1: Given: Mass of empty graduated cylinder = 78 gramsMass of graduated cylinder with unknown liquid #1= 128 grams.Find:a) Mass of just the liquid = ____ b) Volume of liquid=_____ c) Density of liquid #1 =____50 grams50 ml1.00 g/ml
8 Density of a Liquid Liquid #2: Given: Mass of empty graduated cylinder = 78 gramsMass of graduated cylinder with unknown liquid #2= grams.Find:a) Mass of just the liquid = ____ b) Volume of liquid =_____ c) Density of liquid #2=____39.5 grams50 ml0.79 g/ml
9 Density of a Liquid What is each liquid? Using the table below it is now possible for you to determine what each liquid is.Densities for some common liquids are:Substance Density (gm/cu.cm)WaterCooking oilSea WaterCarbon tetrachlorideBenzeneGlycerinMethanolLiquid 1= Liquid 2=WaterMethanol
11 Density Lab Class Data & Average Water Density is 1.00 g/cm 3Ethanol Density is g/cm 3
12 Density Lab Was your experimental value the same as the actual value? What is the percentage error?
13 Percentage ErrorWater Density Percentage Error Average = 10% Alcohol Density Percentage Error Average = -4.56%
14 PredictBased on the Densities of the two elements, what order would you expect them to be in placed in the same container. Add a color to the water and then pore them in the order you expect. Were you correct? Why or Why not?
15 Density Demonstration Ice Cube and Ethanol vs Ice Cube and Water
18 Mixtures and Solutions A mixture where two or more substances are mixed together but are not chemically combined is called as an heterogeneous mixture.
19 Mixtures and Solutions A homogeneous mixture has the same uniform appearance and composition throughout. Many homogeneous mixtures are commonly referred to as solutions.
20 Mini Lab: Sand Under a Microscope Look at the different types of sand under the microscope. Draw a sketch of what you see under the microscope. Is sand a heterogeneous or homogeneous mixture. Explain Why? Do these samples come from the same place? Explain.
21 Mixtures and Solutions Colloids are mixtures whose particles are larger than the size of a molecule but smaller than particles that can be seen with the naked eye.
22 Mixtures and Solutions A suspension is a type of mixture where the particles are large enough to settle out and can be separated by using a filter.
24 ReviewWhat is a Colloid? What is a Suspension? What is a True Solution?
25 Some DefinitionsA solution is a _______________ mixture of 2 or more substances in a single phase.One constituent is usually regarded as the SOLVENT and the others as SOLUTES.WELL MIXED
26 Parts of a SolutionSOLUTE – the part of a solution that is being dissolved (usually the lesser amount)SOLVENT – the part of a solution that dissolves the solute (usually the greater amount)Solute + Solvent = SolutionSoluteSolventExamplesolidliquidgasBrass (Zn and Cu)Ocean Water (Na and H2O)Antifreeze (Ethylene glycol in water)Soda Water (CO2 in water)Air (O2 and N2)
27 Molecular View of Water What did you observe in this video. To understand this we need to study water at the molecular level.
28 Molecular View of Water What are Atoms?Building Blocks of MatterWhat is an Element?All matter with the same atomsWater is not an element. Is it a mixture?In fact it’s a compound.What is a compound?A compound is two or more elements linked together chemically in fixed proportions.Why is Water represented as having a V shape? Why not Linear?Does it Make a Difference?
29 Macroscopic vs. Particulate level view of world Pure Substances – either elements or compoundsElements – on periodic table. Made of only 1 kind of atom (building block of matter), shown by a chemical symbol like HCompounds – made of elements held together by a chemical bond; smallest particle is a molecule, shown by a chemical formula like H2O.Models - representations of concepts