Direct Hot Water Cold water in at the bottom of a cylinder hot water out from the top of a cylinder The cylinder needs to be insulated to make the cylinder energy efficient and reduce wastage Pipes should be lagged up to 1 meter from the cylinder or until they disappear into the floor or wall.
Boiler The boiler is the part of the system that heats the water. It burns fuel (oil, gas, coal & wood) in a chamber within the boiler; at the top of this chamber there is a heat exchanger (like a reverse radiator) that takes the heat from the combustion and transfers it to the water. The exhaust gasses are vented outside via a flue or chimney sometimes the exhaust is fan assisted.
Fuel supply (Gas) STAR T Cold water in Hot water out Exhausts Fume
Cold Water Storage Tank Stop Valve Supply to system Warning pipe Screened vent Float operated valve
Indirect Hot Water Cylinder A hot water cylinder heats and stores hot water used for washing in the bath, sink, basin, etc.. There are two separate water systems within the cylinder;- The primary circuit brings hot water through the cylinder from the boiler. This circuit is usually in the form of a copper coil. The secondary circuit is water that we are going to wash with this comes from the cold water storage cistern into the bottom of the cylinder and is heated by the primary circuit. Once the cylinder is full of hot water a thermostat on the cylinder sends a signal to the boiler to turn of
Flow Return Cold water supply from storage tank Hot water supply to basin, bath, shower, etc…