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Area of Any Triangle Area of Parallelogram Area of Kite & Rhombus Volume of Solids Area of Trapezium Composite Area Volume & Surface Area Surface Area of a Cylinder Volume of a Cylinder Composite Volume Exam Type Questions

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2 Simple Areas Definition : Area is “ how much space a shape takes up” A few types of special Areas TrapeziumRhombus and kite ParallelogramAny Type of Triangle

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3 Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know the formula for the area of ANY triangle. 1. To develop a formula for the area of ANY triangle. 2.Use the formula to solve problems. 2.Apply formula correctly. (showing working) (showing working) 3.Answer containing appropriate units appropriate units Any Triangle Area

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4 h b Sometimes called the altitude h = vertical height

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5 Any Triangle Area 10cm 4cm Example 2 : Find the area of the triangle. Altitude h outside triangle this time.

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6 Any Triangle Area 5cm 8cm Example 3 : Find the area of the isosceles triangle. www.mathsrevision.com Hint : Use Pythagoras Theorem first ! 4cm

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7 Parallelogram Area b Important NOTE h = vertical height h

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Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know the formula for the area of ANY rhombus and kite. 1. To develop a single formula for the area of ANY rhombus and Kite. 2.Use the formula to solve problems. 2.Apply formulae correctly. (showing working) (showing working) 3.Answer containing appropriate units appropriate units Rhombus and Kite Area

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9 Area of a Rhombus D d This part of the rhombus is half of the small rectangle.

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10 Area of a Kite D d Exactly the same process as the rhombus

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11 Rhombus and Kite Area Example 2 : Find the area of the V – shape kite. 7cm 4cm

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12 Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know the formula for the area of a trapezium. 1. To develop a formula for the area of a trapezium. 2.Use the formula to solve problems. 2.Apply formula correctly. (showing working) (showing working) 3.Answer containing appropriate units appropriate units Trapezium Area

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13 Trapezium Area W X Y Z 1 2 a cm b cm h cm Two triangles WXY and WYZ

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14 Trapezium Area Example 1 : Find the area of the trapezium. 6cm 4cm 5cm

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15 Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know the term composite. 1. To show how we can apply basic area formulae to solve more complicated shapes. 2.To apply basic formulae to solve composite shapes. 3.Answer containing appropriate units appropriate units Composite Areas

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16 Composite Areas We can use our knowledge of the basic areas to work out more complicated shapes. 4cm 3cm 5cm 6cm Example 1 : Find the area of the arrow.

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17 Composite Areas Example 2 : Find the area of the shaded area. 11cm 10cm 8cm 4cm

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Summary Areas Trapezium Rhombus and kite Parallelogram Any Type of Triangle

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Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know the volume formula for any prism. 1.To understand the prism formula for calculating volume. 2.Work out volumes for various prisms. 3.Answer to contain appropriate units and working. appropriate units and working. Volume of Solids Prisms

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Definition : A prism is a solid shape with uniform cross-section Cylinder (circular Prism) Pentagonal Prism Triangular Prism Hexagonal Prism Volume = Area of Cross section x length Volume of Solids

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Definition : A prism is a solid shape with uniform cross-section Triangular Prism Volume = Area x length Q. Find the volume the triangular prism. 20cm 2 10cm = 20 x 10 = 200 cm 3

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www.mathsrevision.com Definition : A prism is a solid shape with uniform cross-section Volume = Area x length Q. Find the volume the hexagonal prism. 43.2cm 2 20cm = 43.2 x 20 = 864 cm 3 Hexagonal Prism Volume of Solids

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Back Front This is a NET for the triangular prism. 5 faces 3 congruent rectangles 2 congruent triangles 10cm 4cm Net and Surface Area Triangular Prism 4cm 10cm Bottom 4cm FT BT

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= 2 x3 =6cm 2 Example Find the surface area of the right angle prism Working Rectangle 1 Area = l x b = 3 x10 =30cm 2 Rectangle 2 Area = l x b = 4 x 10 =40cm 2 Total Area = 6+6+30+40+50 = 132cm 2 2 triangles the same 1 rectangle 3cm by 10cm 1 rectangle 4cm by 10cm 3cm 4cm 10cm 1 rectangle 5cm by 10cm Triangle Area = Rectangle 3 Area = l x b = 5 x 10 =50cm 2 5cm

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Bottom Top LS Back RS Front This is a NET for the cuboid Net and Surface Area The Cuboid 6 faces Top and bottom congruent Front and back congruent Left and right congruent 5cm 4cm 3cm 5cm 3cm 4cm 3cm 4cm

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Front Area = l x b = 5 x 4 =20cm 2 Example Find the surface area of the cuboid Working 5cm 4cm 3cm Top Area = l x b = 5 x 3 =15cm 2 Side Area = l x b = 3 x 4 =12cm 2 Total Area = 20+20+15+15+12+12 = 94cm 2 Front and back are the same Top and bottom are the same Right and left are the same

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Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know split up a cylinder. 1.To explain how to calculate the surface area of a cylinder by using basic area. 2.Calculate the surface area of a cylinder. Surface Area of a Cylinder

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Total Surface Area = 2πr 2 + 2πrh The surface area of a cylinder is made up of 2 basic shapes can you name them. Curved Area =2πrh Cylinder (circular Prism) h Surface Area of a Cylinder Roll out curve side 2πr Top Area =πr 2 Bottom Area =πr 2

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Example : Find the surface area of the cylinder below: = 2π(3) 2 + 2π x 3 x 10 3cm Cylinder (circular Prism) 10cm = 18π + 60π Surface Area of a Cylinder Surface Area = 2πr 2 + 2πrh = 78π cm

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Example : A net of a cylinder is given below. Find the diameter of the tin and the total surface area. 2r = Surface Area of a Cylinder 2πr = 25 25cm 9cm 25 π Diameter = 2r Surface Area = 2πr 2 + 2πrh = 2π(25/2π) 2 + 2π(25/2π) x 9 = 625/2π + 25 x 9 = 324.5 cm

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Volume = Area x height The volume of a cylinder can be thought as being a pile of circles laid on top of each other. = πr 2 Volume of a Cylinder Cylinder (circular Prism) x h h = πr 2 h

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V = πr 2 h Example : Find the volume of the cylinder below. = π(5) 2 x 10 5cm Cylinder (circular Prism) 10cm = 250π cm Volume of a Cylinder

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Other Simple Volumes Composite volume is simply volumes that are made up from basic volumes. r D r h Cylinder = πr 2 h Cylinder (circular Prism) h r

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Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.To know what a composite volume is. 1.To calculate volumes for composite shapes using knowledge from previous sections. 2.Work out composite volumes using previous knowledge of basic prisms. 3.Answer to contain appropriate units and working. appropriate units and working. Volume of Solids Prisms

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Other Simple Volumes Composite volume is simply volumes that are made up from basic volumes. r D r h Cylinder = πr 2 h Cylinder (circular Prism) h r

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Volume of a Solid Q. Find the volume the composite shape. Composite volume is simply volumes that are made up from basic volumes. Volume = Cylinder + half a sphere h = 6m r 2m

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Volume of a Solid Q. This child’s toy is made from 2 identical cones. Calculate the total volume. Composite Volumes are simply volumes that are made up from basic volumes. Volume = 2 x cone r = 10cm h = 60cm

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