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G LOBAL W ATER C YLINDER Preston Chin Robert Heath Johnny Henderson Anders Jorgen Robert Murray Justin Lam Jonathon Lister Dennon Oosterman.

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Presentation on theme: "G LOBAL W ATER C YLINDER Preston Chin Robert Heath Johnny Henderson Anders Jorgen Robert Murray Justin Lam Jonathon Lister Dennon Oosterman."— Presentation transcript:

1 G LOBAL W ATER C YLINDER Preston Chin Robert Heath Johnny Henderson Anders Jorgen Robert Murray Justin Lam Jonathon Lister Dennon Oosterman

2 Our Goal Effect on the World Symptoms Why Solve The Issue What Options There Are The Design 3-D The Plan The Resources The Costs Carrying It Out GLOBAL WATER CYLINDER W.A.T.E.R. & Team 9’s GWC is a project dedicated to finding a way to create universal access to clean drinking water, around the world. Drawing inspiration from all scientific fields, including physics, chemistry, biology and environmental systems, the team is attempting to design both short and long term solutions for today’s modern water problem in some of the most inhospitable locations around the world. TABLE OF CONTENTS Causes of the Problem The Design 2-D OUR WEBSITE

3 To provide access to and water. safe universal cleanwater

4 Our Goal Effect on the World Symptoms Why Solve The Issue What Options There Are The Design 3-D The Plan The Resources The Costs Carrying It Out GLOBAL WATER CYLINDER W.A.T.E.R. & Team 9’s GWC is a project dedicated to finding a way to create universal access to clean drinking water, around the world. Drawing inspiration from all scientific fields, including physics, chemistry, biology and environmental systems, the team is attempting to design both short and long term solutions for today’s modern water problem in some of the most inhospitable locations around the world. TABLE OF CONTENTS Causes of the Problem The Design 2-D OUR WEBSITE

5 SEVERITY OF THE PROBLEM Can be measured by: 1.The number of people infected by diseases known to be associated with unclean water: 3 billion cases of illness related to unclean water 2.The number of people dying from lack of safe water every year: 5 million deaths are reported each year, the majority of which are children 3.The fraction of the world's population without access to safe drinking water: Clean water is available to 1/3 of world’s population, which in turn means that 2/3 of the world's population lack water that is safe to drink NEXT

6 CAUSES Microbes and their Occurrence in Water Bacteria – found in groundwater, and surface water Pathogenic bacteria – from human and animal waste Protozoa – in natural water sources Viruses – found in water supplies, surface water, comes from human/animal waste Helminthes – intestinal worms. NEXTBACK

7 CAUSES Sources of Microbial Contamination Failure of sewage disposal – direct infiltration to groundwater. Discharge of untreated/improperly treated sewage. Too much sewage put onto plants, contaminated water run off to surface water. Runoff of animal wastes to surface water. Animal waste infiltrating groundwater from confined animal feedlots. NEXT BACK

8 CAUSES Metal and Chemical Contamination Heavy metal contamination. Petroleum-based fuels. Arsenic. Radon gas. Chlorinated solvents (dry-cleaning fluid.) NEXT BACK

9 Sources of Metal and Chemical Contamination Mainly from mining, metal smelting, electroplating and chemical manufacturing industries. Some chemicals naturally occur in the Earth’s crust and emerge in aquifers. CAUSES HOMEBACK

10 Due to microbial contamination acute dehydrating diarrhea (cholera). abdominal illness (typhoid fever). acute diarrhea (dysentery). chronic diarrhea (Brainerd diarrhea). Due to metal and chemical contamination long-term liver damage and kidney damage nervous system disorders loss of fingernails and hair blood pressure changes and circulatory problems. S Y M P T O M S HOME

11 EFFECT ON THE WORLD Human Health Effects Affects the health of people in the world – diseases in dirty water According to WHO and US Center for Disease Control, 2 billion at risk to water related bacterial diseases Affects productivity – without basic needs for survival, a developed society cannot be formed NEXT

12 EFFECT ON THE WORLD Numbers Around the Globe $170 billion loss in water-related illnesses (Jan. 26, 2007) Clean water is available to 1/3 of world’s population 1.1 – 1.4 billion people lack safe water range 2.4 to 2.9 billion lack basic sanitation services BACK NEXT

13 EFFECT ON THE WORLD Numbers Around The Globe United Nations’ World Health Organization – 3 billion cases of illness and 5 million deaths, majority is children, attributed to unsafe water children die every day, one every 8 seconds. BACKHOME

14 IF THE PROBLEM WAS SOLVED… 1.Mortality due to lack of safe drinking water would decrease. 2.Many places would have more access to clean water. 3.Improves economy of countries formerly lacking clean water because they have basic resources HOME

15 WHAT OPTIONS DO WE HAVE? Basic gravity filtration Desalination plants at the ocean UV filtration – using UV lights to clean water In-straw filter Electrolysis Boiling water The most viable is…  Gravity filtration, combined with process via fuel cell. Desalination, UV filtration is far too costly, UV lights can break easily. In straw filter is only a disposable fix. Boiling requires too much energy. HOME

16 GLOBAL WATER CYLINDER HOME *click on the corresponding components for information.

17 GRAVITY FILTER RINGS BACK Composed of 5 gravity mesh filters, the gravity filter has meshes that get progressively finer. The essentially stop all visible matter from entering the fuel cells, thus protecting them from damage and prolonging their life.

18 PRELIMINARY MESH BACK The primary mesh filter is a strong mesh over the water input of the GWC. It prevents rocks, twigs and larger objects from entering the GWC, which means the machine cannot be clogged and cannot be damaged by large, heavy objects. Since the main mesh is so strong and secure, it will not be damaged by these objects.

19 SOLAR PANELS BACK The brand new nanotechnology used in these solar panels allows for very cost-effective production and a very durable product. They are very strong and have a long lifespan. They power the first fuel cell, which breaks water into its component parts: hydrogen and oxygen.

20 RESIDUE TRAY BACK The residue tray is where everything that is not hydrogen or oxygen falls down into from the first fuel cell. It allows for people to quickly and easily clean the residue left by the dirty water that was not captured by the gravity filter. The minimal amount of residue will be so small that the tray will not need to be cleaned very often (but for hygiene reasons, should be cleaned often anyway).

21 HOLDING TANK BACK The holding tank keeps the processed clean water clean and safe to drink. It has a tap on the bottom that allows water to leave but does not allow air to enter (that may be contaminated).

22 TAP BACK The tap allows people to quickly access the clean water being stored in the holding tank. It is designed so that water can leave, but air (that may be contaminated) cannot enter.

23 FUEL CELLS BACK The first fuel cell is powered by the solar panels and the second fuel cell. It breaks water into it component parts (hydrogen and oxygen) and sends them to the second fuel cell. It also disposed of any residue by letting it fall down into residue tray (essentially, if its not hydrogen or oxygen, its not getting through the cells). The second fuel cell reassembles the pure hydrogen and oxygen into dihydrogen oxide, or water. This is 100% pure water that is then sent to a holding tank for future (or immediate) use.

24 CIRCUIT BOX The circuit box is a nearly indestructible, airtight piece of equipment that processes the GWC’s electronic needs. It wires energy from the solar panels to the first fuel cell and from the second fuel cell to the first. It is designed to outlast the rest of the GWC, so that even under the best conditions it is the last piece to fail. BACK

25 Support Legs GLOBAL WATER CYLINDER Gravity Filter Residue Tray Solar Panels Tap Holding Tank Preliminary Mesh HOME *more of the internal systems are included in the 2-D diagram.

26 SUPPORT LEGS BACK When pouring in water, it is very likely that the GWC may become side and top heavy. To prevent any damage to the structure and people using it, the legs keep the GWC supported and sturdy, even while processing large quantities of water.

27 GRAVITY FILTER RINGS BACK Composed of 5 gravity mesh filters, the gravity filter has meshes that get progressively finer. The essentially stop all visible matter from entering the fuel cells, thus protecting them from damage and prolonging their life.

28 PRELIMINARY MESH BACK The primary mesh filter is a strong mesh over the water input of the GWC. It prevents rocks, twigs and larger objects from entering the GWC, which means the machine cannot be clogged and cannot be damaged by large, heavy objects. Since the main mesh is so strong and secure, it will not be damaged by these objects.

29 SOLAR PANELS BACK The brand new nanotechnology used in these solar panels allows for very cost-effective production and a very durable product. They are very strong and have a long lifespan. They power the first fuel cell, which breaks water into its component parts: hydrogen and oxygen.

30 RESIDUE TRAY BACK The residue tray is where everything that is not hydrogen or oxygen falls down into from the first fuel cell. It allows for people to quickly and easily clean the residue left by the dirty water that was not captured by the gravity filter. The minimal amount of residue will be so small that the tray will not need to be cleaned very often (but for hygiene reasons, should be cleaned often anyway).

31 HOLDING TANK BACK The holding tank keeps the processed clean water clean and safe to drink. It has a tap on the bottom that allows water to leave but does not allow air to enter (that may be contaminated).

32 TAP BACK The tap allows people to quickly access the clean water being stored in the holding tank. It is designed so that water can leave, but air (that may be contaminated) cannot enter.

33 FUEL CELLS BACK The first fuel cell is powered by the solar panels and the second fuel cell. It breaks water into it component parts (hydrogen and oxygen) and sends them to the second fuel cell. It also disposed of any residue by letting it fall down into residue tray (essentially, if its not hydrogen or oxygen, its not getting through the cells). The second fuel cell reassembles the pure hydrogen and oxygen into dihydrogen oxide, or water. This is 100% pure water that is then sent to a holding tank for future (or immediate) use.

34 CIRCUIT BOX The circuit box is a nearly indestructible, airtight piece of equipment that processes the GWC’s electronic needs. It wires energy from the solar panels to the first fuel cell and from the second fuel cell to the first. It is designed to outlast the rest of the GWC, so that even under the best conditions it is the last piece to fail. BACK

35 THE PLAN 1.Research into the most effective construction of the GWC 2.Affirmation of its usefulness and reliability. 3.Testing 4.Construction 5.Deployment HOME

36 THE RESOURCES NEEDED Affordable, durable solar panels Fuel cells The circuitry Gravity filter Sterile holding tank / Chassis MONEY HOME

37 THE COST For a single unit: Affordable, durable solar panels → $10 Fuel cells → $80 The circuitry → $10 Gravity filter → $20 Sterile holding tank → 180$ * Approximate cost = $300 HOME $$ $$

38 CARRYING IT OUT In order to make this plan a reality, we can: Rent or build a factory and begin the production process - this is rather costly Pitch the idea to major companies – ask for funding and/or donations. Set up a charity to gather more money, advertisements Possibly invest in the project HOME


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